Racconto del mio viaggio fatto da Roma all'Indie Orientali Anno 1656 (-1663).
Titolo: Racconto del mio viaggio fatto da Roma ...
Casa editrice: 16561663
Data di pubblicazione: 1656
150 x 105 mm. Contemporary paper wrappers. (2), 110 pp. (collation: a16 b-c18 d4). Original diary by Frater Marcello, one of the Apostolic Commissars sent by Pope Alexander VII to the Southwest coast of India - the Malabar coast - not principally to convert the infidels, but to promote the union of the Christians who were separated.The goal of the mission was a reconciliation of the St. Thomas Christians of the Syro-Chaldaic Rite, who had seceded from their archbishop Francis Garcia SJ. The majority of them had in 1653 revolted against the archbishop and forsaking his authority by taking an oath for the purpose at the foot of a cross - thereafter called the 'Coonen Cross', situated in Mattancherry, had illegally made their Archdeacon the archbishop.The large community of Christians on the Malabar coast claiming to have been converted by St. Thomas the Apostle was using the Syrian Rite. In the 16th century the Portuguese encountered the Christians following the Law of Thomas. In the beginning the encounter was cordial but it developed into confrontation because missionaries in general failed to accept a Christian life different from theirs. The Thomas Christians eventually were brought under the jurisdiction of the Portuguese after the Synod of Diamper in 1599 and officially ruled by Jesuit archbishops at Angamalé, and afterwards at Cranganore.Rome, being informed of the situation by the Carmelite Father Sebastiani, decided to entrust the Carmelites with the spiritual care of the Syro-Chaldaic Rite. To insure the good outcome of the mission in those times when travelling was dangerous, two pairs of Apostolic Commissars were nominated and were instructed to take off separately in February 1656: (1) Fr. Hiacinto (Hyacinth; the leader of the mission) and Fr. Marcello (the writer of our diary!) were to go by sea passing via Lisbon, while the other two , Fr. Giuseppe Sebastiani (Joseph of St. Mary, better known as Joseph Sebastiani, 1620-89) and Fr. Vicenzo, were to follow another route over land via Syria and Mesopotamia and Persia. The two that had left by sea spent a whole year in Lisbon. Because of this the two who went by land arrived first, even though their journey had also lasted exactly one year.The Carmelites played also an important role in the spread of knowledge of Persia in this period. Existing travel accounts include those of the same Father Giuseppe Sebastiani di S. Maria from Caprarola (see below).By the efforts of Sebastiani a large number of seceders were brought back to the true fold, but most refused to be under the authority of the lawful archbishop or under any priests of the Jesuit order known as the 'Paulists'. After many difficulties Father Sebastiani returned to Rome to report. On 3 December 1659 the Vicariate of Malabar was erected by Pope Alexander. The most prominent of the Carmelite missionaries, Father Joseph of St. Mary, better known as Joseph Sebastiani, was consecrated Titular Bishop of Hierapolis twelve days later, and sent back to Malabar with the title of Vicar Apostolic and Administrator of the Archbishopric of Cranganore. The new Vicariate eventually established its headquarters in the island of Verapoly.The conquest of the Portuguese territories on the Malabar coast, and especially of Cochin in 1663, by the Dutch, and the consequent expulsion of all Catholic missionaries from the territories occupied by the Dutch and elsewhere, threatened the very existence of the Malabar Vicariate. Nevertheless, it survived under the Indian prelate Parambil Chandy (Alexander de Campo) whom Sebastiani had consecrated as his successor before he left Malabar in 1663.In the present manuscript these events are easy to follow. In the form of short entries per day, alternately in Italian, Latin, Spanish, Portuguese (and German) - sometimes extending in entries of half a page or more -, Frater Marcello clearly informs us of the events during his journey to India, his travels and adventures on the Malabar coast and. Codice inventario libreria
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