Read, Reason, Write - book alone

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9780073533209: Read, Reason, Write - book alone

This comprehensive text presents clear instruction on critical reading and analysis, argument, and research techniques, along with a collection of current, incisive readings appropriate for practicing those techniques. New features of the eighth edition include an expanded visual program, featuring new chapter opening visuals and two full-color inserts, and a newly revised and updated reader.

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Dorothy U. Seyler is professor of English at Northern Virginia Community College. A Phi Beta Kappa graduate of the College of William and Mary, Dr. Seyler holds advanced degrees from Columbia University and the State University of New York at Albany. She taught at Ohio State University, the University of Kentucky, and Nassau Community College before moving with her family to Northern Virginia. She has coauthored Introduction to Literature and Language Power, both in second editions, and is the author of The Writer's Stance, Patterns of Reflection, in its third edition, The Reading Context, Steps to College Reading, Understanding Argument, and Read, Reason, Write, currently in its fifth edition and Doing Research, currently in its second edition. In addition, Professor Seyler has published articles in professional journals and popular magazines. She enjoys tennis, golf, and traveling, as well as writing about all three.


SECTION I Critical Reading and Analysis

CHAPTER 1 Writers and Their Sources

Visual: Young woman with computer, older man with newspaper

Reading, Writing, and the Contexts of Argument

Responses to Sources

Abraham Lincoln, “The Gettysburg Address”

The Response to Content (Summary)

The Analytic Response

The Judgment or Evaluation Response

The Research Response

Ellen Goodman, “In Praise of a Snail’s Pace”

Active Reading: Use Your Mind!

Guidelines for Active Reading

Exercise: Active Reading: Richard Morin, “Political Ads and the Voters They Attract”

Understanding Your Sources

Writing Summaries

Guidelines for Writing Summaries

Exercise: Summary

Sample Longer Summary

Writing Paraphrases

Sample Paraphrase: from Bertrand Russell’s “A Free Man’s Worship”

Acknowledging Sources Informally

Referring to People and Sources

Lev Grossman, “The Geek Shall Inherit the Earth”

Presenting Direct Quotations: A Guide to Form and Style

Reasons for Using Quotation Marks

Guidelines for Quoting

For Debate:

Robert J. Samuelson, “A Century of Freedom”

David Rieff, “Their Hearts and Minds?”

Suggestions for Discussion and Writing

CHAPTER 2 Responding Critically to Sources

Visual: Reading Wall Drawings Cartoon

Traits of the Critical Reader/Thinker

Examining the Context of a Source

Who Is the Author?

What Kind of Audience Is Addressed?

What Is the Author’s Purpose in Writing?

What Are the Writer’s Sources of Information?

Understanding Attitude

Denotative and Connotative Word Choice

Recognizing Tone

Analyzing Style

Word Choice

Sentence Structure


Organization and Examples


Hyperbole, Understatement, and Irony

Quotation Marks, Italics, and Capital Letters

Dave Barry, “Remote Control”

Writing about Style

Understanding Purpose and Audience

Planning the Essay

Developing Paragraphs

Revising and Editing

Manuscript Form

Checklist for Revision

Ellen Goodman, “Choosing Families”

Student Essay: “Goodman’s Feast of Style”

Combining Summary, Analysis, and Evaluation: The Review

Annotated Review: Lynda Ransdell, “More Than a Game: One Woman’s Fight For Gender Equity in Sport”

Student Review: “Winchester’s Alchemy: Two Men and a Book” by Ian Habel

Analyzing Two or More Sources

Guidelines for Preparing a Contrast Essay

Peter Rainer, “Knightley, in Shining Armour”

For Reading and Analysis:

Andrew Vachss, “Watch Your Language”

Catherine Getches, “I Have a Chip, but It’s Not on My Shoulder”

Suggestions for Discussion and Writing

SECTION II The World of Argument

CHAPTER 3 Understanding the Basics of Argument

Visual: Dilbert “Presentation” cartoon

Characteristics of Argument

Argument Is Conversation with a Goal

Argument Takes a Stand on an Arguable Issue

Argument Uses Reasons and Evidence

Argument Incorporates Values

Argument Recognizes the Topic’s Complexity

The Shape of Argument: The Aristotelian Model

The Shape of Argument: The Toulmin Model

The Language of Claims and Support


False Facts



Exercise on the Language of Argument: Richard Morin, “Paradise Lost”

Learning More about the Toulmin Model of Argument


Grounds (or Data or Evidence)





Using Toulmin’s Terms to Analyze Argument

Annotated Essay: Les Schobert, “Let the Zoo’s Elephants Go”

Using Toulmin’s Terms as a Guide to Structuring Arguments

Exercises: Using Toulmin’s Terms to Plan Arguments

For Debate:

Barrett Seaman, “How Bingeing Became the New College Sport”

Joseph A. Califano, Jr., “Don’t Make Teen Drinking Easier”

Suggestions for Discussion and Writing

CHAPTER 4 Writing Effective Arguments

Visual: Martin Luther King, Jr., Writing

Know Your Audience

Understand Your Writing Purpose

Find a Topic

Move from Topic to Claim to Possible Support

Selecting a Topic

Drafting a Claim

Listing Possible Grounds

Listing Grounds for the Other Side or Another Perspective

Considering the Rogerian or Conciliatory Argument

Planning Your Approach

Draft Your Argument

Revise Your Draft



A Few Words about Words and Tone


A Checklist for Revision

For Analysis and Debate:

Deborah Tannen, “We Need Higher Quality Outrage”

Sidney Hook, “In Defense of Voluntary Euthanasia”

Peter A. Singer and Mark Siegler, “Euthanasia: A Critique”

Suggestions for Discussion and Writing

CHAPTER 5 Learning More about Argument: Logical Fallacies, Induction, and Deduction

Visual: Roger’s cartoon: “I’ve Got Him Right Where I Want Him!”


Example of Induction: from Mark A. Norell and Xu Xing, “The Varieties of Tyrannosaurs”


Example of Deduction: “The Declaration of Independence”


Example of Analogy: Zbigniew Brzezinski, “War and Football”

Arguments That Do Not Work: Logical Fallacies

Causes of Illogic

Fallacies Resulting from Oversimplifying

Fallacies Resulting from Ignoring the Issue

Evaluating the Arguments of Others: The Refutation Essay

Sample Refutation Annotated: David Sadker, “Gender Games”

Exercise on Refutation: Robert H. Bork, “Addicted to Health”

For Debate and Analysis:

Colbert I. King, “’Judicial Activism’ to Be Thankful For”

Ruth Marcus, “Diversity Gets Benched”

Suggestions for Class Discussion and Writing

CHAPTER 6 Reading, Analyzing, and Writing Definition Arguments and Position Papers

Visual: Dana Summers cartoon about the Declaration of Independence

The Definition Argument: Debating the Meanings of Words

When to Use Definition

Analyzing Definition Arguments

Preparing a Definition Argument

Annotated Student Essay: Laura Mullins, “Paragon or Parasite?”

The Position Paper: Examining Claims of Value

Characteristics of the Position Paper

Analyzing a Position Paper

Supporting a Claim of Value

Using the Rogerian or Conciliatory Approach

Annotated Student Essay: Chris Brown, “Examining the Issue of Gun Control”

For Debate:

Charles Krauthammer, “Setting Limits on Tolerance”

Colbert I. King, “You Can’t Fight Terrorism with Racism”

Suggestions for Class Discussion and Writing

CHAPTER 7 Reading, Analyzing, and Using Visuals and Statistics in Argument

Visual: Photo of police and dogs attacking blacks

Responding to Visual Arguments

“They’d Rather Be in Colorado” (Advertisement)

“Visionary” (Advertisement)

Reading Graphics

Exercises: Reading and Analyzing Graphics

The Uses of Authority and Statistics

Judging Authorities

Understanding and Analyzing Statistics

Writing the Investigative Argument

Gathering and Analyzing Evidence

Planning and Drafting the Essay

Guidelines for Writing an Investigative Argument

Preparing Graphics

Analyzing Evidence: The Key to an Effective Argument

A Checklist for Revision

Student Essay: Garrett Berger, “Buying Time”

For Reading and Analysis:

Gregory Rodriguez, “Mongrel America”

Annette Fuentes, “Discipline and Punish”

Suggestions for Discussion and Writing

Color insert

Electoral Votes per State for 2004 Election (Map)

Scott Adams, Dilbert cartoon

“Search for:” ( ad)

“Technology that gets flowers from . . .” (ftd/hp ad)

Pierce Brosnan’s Choice (Omega ad)

Got Milk? Ad

CHAPTER 8 Reading, Analyzing, and Writing Causal and Problem/Solution Arguments

Visual: Herblock Cartoon on Guns

Arguments about Cause

Characteristics of Causal Arguments

Mill’s Methods for Investigating Causes

Exercise: Understanding Causal Patterns

Analyzing Causal Arguments

Preparing a Causal Argument

Annotated Causal Argument: Eugene Robinson, “A Specious ‘Experiment’”

The Problem-Solution Argument: Exploring Public-Policy Issues

Characteristics of Problem-Solution Arguments

Analyzing Problem-Solution Arguments

Preparing a Problem-Solution Argument

Annotated Problem-Solution Essay: James Q. Wilson, “A New Strategy for the War on Drugs”

For Analysis and Debate:

Lester Thurow, “Why Women Are Paid Less Than Men”

Beth Shulman, “Four Myths, 30 Million Potential Votes”

Suggestions for Discussion and Writing


CHAPTER 9 Getting Started and Locating Sources (in the Library, Online, in the Field)

Visual: Three Photos of Students Working; First One Framed by Color

Types of Research Projects

Finding a Workable Topi...

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Seyler, Dorothy
Editore: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages (2006)
ISBN 10: 0073533203 ISBN 13: 9780073533209
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Descrizione libro McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages, 2006. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. book. Codice libro della libreria 0073533203

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Dorothy U. Seyler
ISBN 10: 0073533203 ISBN 13: 9780073533209
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Descrizione libro Condizione libro: Brand New. Book Condition: Brand New. Codice libro della libreria 97800735332091.0

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