Philosophy of Law: Classic and Contemporary Readings with Commentary

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9780195155129: Philosophy of Law: Classic and Contemporary Readings with Commentary

Ideal for undergraduate courses in philosophy of law, this comprehensive anthology examines such topics as the concept of law, the dispute between natural law theorists and legal positivists, the relations between law and morality, criminal responsibility and legal punishment, the rights of the individual against the state, justice and equality, and legal evidence as compared with scientific evidence. The readings have been selected from both philosophy and law journals and include classic texts, contemporary theoretical developments, and well-known recent court cases. The text features extensive introductions that make even the most profound writings accessible to undergraduates.

Le informazioni nella sezione "Riassunto" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

Contenuti:

  • Each sub-chapter opens with an Introduction and most close with Suggestions for Further Reading
  • Questions for Discussion are integrated throughout
  • 1. WHAT IS LAW?
  • 1.1 THE THEORY OF NATURAL LAW
  • Readings
  • Thomas Aquinas, from Summa Theologiae
  • John Finnis, from Natural Law and Natural Rights
  • Lon Fuller, from The Morality of Law
  • 1.2 LEGAL POSITIVISM
  • Readings
  • John Austin, from The Province of Jurisprudence Determined and the Uses of the Study of Jurisprudence
  • H.L.A. Hart, from The Concept of Law
  • 1.3 LEGAL REALISM AND CRITICAL LEGAL STUDIES
  • Readings
  • Karl Llewellyn, from The Bramble Bush, "A Realistic Jurisprudence," and The Common Law Tradition
  • Duncan Kennedy, "Freedom and Constraint in Adjudication: A Critical Phenomenology"
  • 1.4 RONALD DWORKIN AND LAW AS INTEGRITY
  • Readings
  • Ronald Dworkin, from Taking Rights Seriously
  • Ronald Dworkin, from Law's Empire
  • Frederick Schauer, from Playing by the Rules
  • 1.5 CASE STUDY: THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAWS
  • Readings
  • Paul Finkelman, from Slavery in the Courtroom
  • Excerpt from official report of the case before Chief Justice Lemuel Shaw (Massachusetts)
  • Robert M. Cover, from Justice Accused
  • 2. LEGAL REASONING
  • 2.1 THE INTERPRETATION OF LEGAL TEXTS
  • Readings and Cases
  • Frederick Schauer, "Formalism"
  • Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell
  • Raoul Berger, from Government by Judiciary
  • Robert Bork, from The Tempting of America
  • Paul Brest, "The Misconceived Quest for the Original Understanding"
  • Ronald Dworkin, "Natural Law Revisited"
  • United States v. Locke
  • Richard A. Posner, "Legal Formalism, Legal Realism, and the Interpretation of Statutes and the Constitution"
  • Bray v. Alexandria Women's Health Clinic
  • National Organization for Women v. Scheidler
  • 2.2 REASONING FROM PRECEDENT
  • Readings
  • Cass R. Sunstein, "On Analogical Reasoning"
  • Larry Alexander, "Constrained by Precedent"
  • Cases
  • Donoghue v. Stevenson
  • Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey
  • 2.3 CRITICAL PERSPECTIVES ON LEGAL REASONING
  • Readings
  • Jerome Frank, from Law and the Modern Mind
  • Mark Tushnet, "Following the Rules Laid Down"
  • Martha Minow and Elizabeth Spelman, "In Context"
  • Richard Posner, from Economic Analysis of Law
  • 3. THE MORAL FORCE OF LAW
  • 3.1 IS THERE A MORAL OBLIGATION TO OBEY THE LAW?
  • Readings
  • John Rawls, "Legal Obligation and the Duty of Fair Play"
  • A. John Simmons, "The Principle of Fair Play"
  • 3.2 CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE
  • Readings
  • John Rawls, "The Justification of Civil Disobedience"
  • Peter Singer, from Democracy and Disobedience
  • Case
  • Walker v. Birmingham
  • 4. THE STRUCTURE AND CONTENT OF RIGHTS
  • 4.1 THE STRUCTURE OF RIGHTS
  • Readings
  • Joel Feinberg, "The Nature and Value of Rights"
  • Ronald Dworkin, "Hard Cases"
  • Judith Jarvis Thomson, "Some Ruminations on Rights"
  • Case
  • Craig v. Boren
  • 4.2 THE RIGHT TO LIBERTY
  • Readings and Cases
  • The Harm Principle
  • John Stuart Mill, from On Liberty
  • James FitzJames Stephen, from Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
  • Offense
  • Joel Feinberg, from Offense to Others
  • New England Naturist Association v. Larsen
  • Paternalism
  • John Stuart Mill, from On Liberty
  • Gerald Dworkin, "Paternalism"
  • Moralism
  • Patrick Devlin, from The Enforcement of Morals
  • H.L.A. Hart, from Law, Liberty, and Morality
  • Bowers v. Hardwick
  • 4.3 A RIGHT TO FREE SPEECH
  • Readings
  • John Stuart Mill, from On Liberty
  • Thomas Scanlon, "A Theory of Freedom of Expression"
  • Frederick Schauer, from Free Speech: A Philosophical Enquiry
  • Case Study: Pornography
  • Definitional Preliminary
  • Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton
  • Catherine MacKinnon, "Pornography, Civil Rights, and 'Speech'"
  • American Booksellers Association, Inc. v. Hudnut
  • Ronald Dworkin, "Women and Pornography"
  • Case Study: Hate Speech
  • Collin v. Smith
  • Richard Delgado, "Campus Antiracism Rules: Constitutional Narratives in Collision"
  • Charles Lawrence, "If He Hollers Let Him Go: Regulating Racist Speech on Campus"
  • Nadine Strossen, "Regulating Racist Speech on Campus: A Modest Proposal?"
  • UMW Post, Inc. v. Board of Regents of University of Wisconsin
  • 4.4 THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY
  • Readings and Cases
  • Griswold v. Connecticut
  • Privacy as a Constitutional Right
  • David A.J. Richards, "Interpretation and Historiography"
  • Robert Bork, "Neutral Principles and Some First Amendment Problems"
  • The Right to an Abortion
  • Roe v. Wade
  • John Noonan, "The Root and Branch of Roe v. Wade"
  • Catharine MacKinnon, "Reflections on Sex Equality Under Law"
  • Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey
  • 4.5 THE RIGHT TO RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
  • Readings
  • Mario Cuomo, "Religious Belief and Public Morality: A Catholic Governor's Perspective"
  • John Garvey, "The Pope's Submarine"
  • Cases
  • Wallace v. Jaffree
  • Employment Division, Oregon Department of Human Resources v. Smith
  • 4.6 THE RIGHT TO PROPERTY
  • Readings
  • Jeremy Waldron, "What is Private Property?"
  • Alan Ryan, "Utility and Property"
  • A. John Simmons, from The Lockean Theory of Rights
  • Case
  • Penn Central Transportation Co. v. City of New York
  • 5. JUSTICE AND EQUALITY
  • 5.1 WHAT IS JUSTICE?
  • Readings
  • Peter Westen, "The Empty Idea of Equality"
  • Anthony D'Amato, "Is Equality a Totally Empty Idea?"
  • 5.2 THEORIES OF JUSTICE
  • Readings
  • John Stuart Mill, "On the Connection between Justice and Utility"
  • John Rawls, from A Theory of Justice
  • Robert Nozick, from Anarchy, State, and Utopia
  • Michael Sandel, "Morality and the Liberal Ideal"
  • 5.3 DISCRIMINATION
  • Readings
  • Joseph Tussman and Jacobus tenBroek, "The Equal Protection of the Laws"
  • Owen Fiss, "Groups and the Equal Protection Clause"
  • Case
  • Brown v. Board of Education
  • 5.4 PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT
  • Readings
  • Ronald Dworkin, "Why Bakke Has No Case"
  • Carl Cohen, "Why Racial Preference is Illegal and Immoral"
  • Cases
  • Regents of University of California v. Bakke
  • Metro Broadcasting, Inc. v. Federal Communications Commission et al.
  • 5.5 EQUALITY FOR WOMEN
  • Readings
  • Catharine MacKinnon, "Reflections on Sex Equality Under Law"
  • Richard Epstein, from Forbidden Grounds: The Case Against Employment Discrimination Laws
  • Cases
  • California Federal Savings and Loan v. Guerra
  • Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson
  • 5.6 EQUALITY FOR HOMOSEXUALS
  • Readings
  • Richard Mohr, "Gay Rights"
  • Ernest van den Haag, "Sodom and Begorrah"
  • Case
  • Watkins v. United States Army
  • 5.7 OTHER KINDS OF DISCRIMINATION
  • 6. PUNISHMENT
  • 6.1 THE NATURE OF PUNISHMENT
  • 6.2 THEORIES OF PUNISHMENT
  • 6.3 UTILITARIAN THEORIES OF PUNISHMENT
  • Readings
  • Jeremy Bentham, from An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
  • John Rawls, "Two Concepts of Rules"
  • 6.4 RETRIBUTIVISMS
  • Readings
  • Immanuel Kant, "On the Right to Punish"
  • Michael Davis, "Harm and Retribution"
  • 6.5 COMBINATIONS AND ALTERNATIVES
  • 6.6 CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
  • Readings
  • Ernest van den Haag, "The Collapse of the Case Against Capital Punishment"
  • Jeffrey Reiman, "Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty"
  • Stephen Nathanson, "Does it Matter if the Death Penalty is Arbitrarily Administered?
  • Cases
  • Furman v. Georgia
  • Gregg v. Georgia
  • McCleskey v. Kemp
  • Herrera v. Texas
  • 7. RESPONSIBILITY
  • 7.1 WHAT IS RESPONSIBILITY?
  • 7.2 LEGAL CAUSATION
  • Reading
  • H.L.A. Hart and Tony Honoré, from Causation in the Law
  • Case
  • Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad
  • 7.3 RESPONSIBILITY FOR OMISSIONS
  • Readings
  • Richard Epstein, "A Theory of Strict Liability"
  • Ernest Weinrib, "The Case for a Duty to Rescue"
  • Case
  • Farwell v. Keaton
  • 7.4 MENS REA AND STRICT LIABILITY
  • Reading
  • Richard Wasserstrom, "Strict Liability in the Criminal Law"
  • Case
  • Tison v. Arizona
  • Case Study: Liability for Rape
  • Glanville Williams, Lords' Decision on the Law of Rape
  • Susan Estrich, from Real Rape
  • Commonwealth v. Sherry
  • 7.5 THE INSANITY DEFENSE
  • Readings
  • Norval Morris, from Madness and the Criminal Law
  • Richard Bonnie, "The Moral Basis of the Insanity Defense"
  • Case
  • Selection from the transcript of John Hinckley's trial
  • 8. LEGAL PROCEDURE AND EVIDENCE
  • 8.1 THE BURDEN OF PROOF
  • Readings
  • John Kaplan, "Decision Theory and the Factfinding Process"
  • Frederick Schauer and Richard Zeckhauser, "On the Degree of Confidence for Adverse Decisions"
  • Case
  • In re Winship
  • 8.2 PROBABILITY AND THE LAW OF EVIDENCE
  • Readings
  • Michael J. Saks and Robert F. Kidd, "Human Information Processing and Adjudication: Trial by Heuristics"
  • Judith Jarvis Thomson, "Liability and Individualized Evidence"
  • Cases
  • Smith v. Rapid Transit, Inc.
  • People v. Collins
  • 8.3 CRIMINAL PROCEDURE AND THE EXCLUSIONARY RULE
  • Readings
  • Malcom Wilkey, "The Exclusionary Rule: Costs and Viable Alternatives"
  • Stephen H. Sachs, "The Exculsionary Rule: A Prosecutor's Defense"
  • Case
  • United States v. Leon
  • Appendix
  • The Constitution of the United States of America

Le informazioni nella sezione "Su questo libro" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 1995. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. 239 x 190 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Ideal for undergraduate courses in philosophy of law, this comprehensive anthology examines such topics as the concept of law, the dispute between natural law theorists and legal positivists, the relations between law and morality, criminal responsibility and legal punishment, the rights of the individual against the state, justice and equality, and legal evidence as compared with scientific evidence. The readings have been selected from both philosophy and law journals and include classic texts, contemporary theoretical developments, and well-known recent court cases. The text features extensive introductions that make even the most profound writings accessible to undergraduates. Codice libro della libreria AAC9780195155129

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 1995. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. 239 x 190 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Ideal for undergraduate courses in philosophy of law, this comprehensive anthology examines such topics as the concept of law, the dispute between natural law theorists and legal positivists, the relations between law and morality, criminal responsibility and legal punishment, the rights of the individual against the state, justice and equality, and legal evidence as compared with scientific evidence. The readings have been selected from both philosophy and law journals and include classic texts, contemporary theoretical developments, and well-known recent court cases. The text features extensive introductions that make even the most profound writings accessible to undergraduates. Codice libro della libreria AAC9780195155129

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