The Martians of Science: Five Physicists Who Changed the Twentieth Century

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9780195178456: The Martians of Science: Five Physicists Who Changed the Twentieth Century

If science has the equivalent of a Bloomsbury group, it is the five men born at the turn of the twentieth century in Budapest: Theodore von Kármán, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller. From Hungary to Germany to the United States, they remained friends and continued to work together and influence each other throughout their lives. As a result, their work was integral to some of the most important scientific and political developments of the twentieth century.

They were an extraordinary group of talents: Wigner won a Nobel Prize in theoretical physics; Szilard was the first to see that a chain reaction based on neutrons was possible, initiated the Manhattan Project, but left physics to try to restrict nuclear arms; von Neumann could solve difficult problems in his head and developed the modern computer for more complex problems; von Kármán became the first director of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, providing the scientific basis for the U.S. Air Force; and Teller was the father of the hydrogen bomb, whose name is now synonymous with the controversial "Star Wars" initiative of the 1980s. Each was fiercely opinionated, politically active, and fought against all forms of totalitarianism.

István Hargittai, as a young Hungarian physical chemist, was able to get to know some of these great men in their later years, and the depth of information and human interest in The Martians of Science is the result of his personal relationships with the subjects, their families, and their contemporaries.

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About the Author:


István Hargittai is Professor of Chemistry and head of the George A. Olah PhD School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at the Budapest University of Technology and Economics and research professor at E ötv ös University. He is a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, foreign member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, and member of the Academia Europaea (London). He holds a PhD degree from E ötv ös University, D.Sc. degree from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and honorary doctorates from Moscow State University, the University of North Carolina, and the Russian Academy of Sciences. He has lectured in some 30 countries and taught at several universities in the United States. He has published extensively on structural chemistry and on symmetry-related topics. His books include the Candid Science series of his collected interviews with famous scientists, The Road to Stockholm about the Nobel Prize, and Our Lives, which includes a considerable amount of autobiographical material. He and his fellow professor wife live in Budapest. Their grown children, both PhDs, live in the United States.

Review:


"Hargittai has carefully read the published literature and weaves useful, analytical patterns that indicate knowledge of scientific comunities while generally approving the relationship of postwar physics, mathematics, and engineerings in teh US with US cold war politics."-- Physics Today


"What a story! Five brilliant Jewish-Hungarian kids burst out of the great secondary schools of Hungary, learn their physics in Germany, and give their all to America in WWII. And after.
Across the ethnic quilt of Europe and America, the five brilliant "Martians" of this book roam, their weapon in mind --math! István Hargittai, a Jewish-Hungarian like his heroes, tells the remarkable story of five immigrants, of vastly different politics, without whom American science (and the world) would not be the same."--Roald Hoffmann, Nobel laureate, Ithaca, New York


"Surely, 'hard times provide a good condition for creativity,' as do supportive culture, societal upheaval, intellectual ferment, and scientific revolution. Imagine then, a group of life stories woven through unique instances of all these factors. István Hargittai traces the turbulent lives of five uniquely creative scientists who survived, succeeded, and changed the world."--Arno Penzias, Nobel laureate, San Francisco


"This is an important story that needs to be told, and Hargittai tells it well."--Nature


Charlie Munger of WESCO Financial Corporation recommended this book at the 2007 WESCO Annual Meeting: "It is a hell of a book about five Hungarian physicists driven to the U.S. by Hitler, who contributed much to science here. I can't recommend it enough."--Charlie Munger


"fascinating and informative"--Chemical Heritage


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Hargittai, Istvan
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ISBN 10: 0195178459 ISBN 13: 9780195178456
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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, New York, New York, 2006. Hard Cover. Condizione libro: New. Condizione sovraccoperta: New. First Edition. New York: Oxford University, 2006. First Edition. 8vo. Hard cover, 313 pp. including index. "What a story! Five brilliant Jewish-Hungarian kids burst out of the great secondary schools of Hungary, learn their physics in Germany, and give their all to America in WWII.Across the ethnic quilt of Europe and America, the five brilliant Martians of this book roam, their weapon in mind - math! Istvan Hargittai, a Jewish Hungarian like his heroes, tells the remarkable story of five immigrants, of vastly different politics, without whom American science (and the world) would not be the same. -Ronald Hoffmann, Nobel laureate, Ithaca, New York." New book in new dust jacket, protected with a mylar cover. Size: 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall. Codice libro della libreria 020119

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Descrizione libro Oxford, Oxford, 2006. Cloth. Condizione libro: New. Condizione sovraccoperta: New. First Edition. First edition. 8vo. Cloth binding, 313 pp. If science has the equivalent of a Bloomsbury group, it is the five men born at the turn of the 20th century in Budapest: Theodore von Karman, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller. From Hungary to Germany to the United States, they remained friends and continued to work together and influence each other throughout their lives, producing work that was integral to some of the most important scientific and political developments of the century, including theoretical physics, atom chain reaction, modern computing, aeronautical design, and the hydrogen bomb. New in new dust jacket. Size: 8vo. Codice libro della libreria 020125

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. Hardcover. 376 pages. Dimensions: 9.3in. x 6.2in. x 1.3in.If science has the equivalent of a Bloomsbury group, it is the five men born at the turn of the twentieth century in Budapest: Theodore von Krmn, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller. From Hungary to Germany to the United States, they remained friends and continued to work together and influence each other throughout their lives. As a result, their work was integral to some of the most important scientific and political developments of the twentieth century. They were an extraordinary group of talents: Wigner won a Nobel Prize in theoretical physics; Szilard was the first to see that a chain reaction based on neutrons was possible, initiated the Manhattan Project, but left physics to try to restrict nuclear arms; von Neumann could solve difficult problems in his head and developed the modern computer for more complex problems; von Krmn became the first director of NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory, providing the scientific basis for the U. S. Air Force; and Teller was the father of the hydrogen bomb, whose name is now synonymous with the controversial Star Wars initiative of the 1980s. Each was fiercely opinionated, politically active, and fought against all forms of totalitarianism. Istvn Hargittai, as a young Hungarian physical chemist, was able to get to know some of these great men in their later years, and the depth of information and human interest in The Martians of Science is the result of his personal relationships with the subjects, their families, and their contemporaries. This item ships from multiple locations. Your book may arrive from Roseburg,OR, La Vergne,TN. Hardcover. Codice libro della libreria 9780195178456

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2006. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****.If science has the equivalent of a Bloomsbury group, it is the five men born at the turn of the 20th century in the same neighborhood in Budapest: Theodore von Karman, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller. Through immigration from Hungary to Germany to the United States, they remained friends and continued to work together and influence each other throughout their lives. As a result, their work was integral to some of the most important scientific and political developments of the 20th century. They were an extraordinary group of talents: Wigner won a Nobel Prize in theoretical physics without ever having taken a formal college-level physics course, Szilard was the first to see that a chain reaction based on neutrons was possible but left physics to try to restrict nuclear arms, von Neumann could solve problems in his head for which most people needed computers, von Karman became the first director of NASA s Jet Propulsion Lab, and Teller was the father of the hydrogen bomb, whose name is now synonymous with the controversial Star Wars defense initiative of the 1980s.Each was fiercely opinionated and politically active, reactionaries against the fascism and anti-Semitism with which they had grown up. Istvan Hargittai, as a young Hungarian physicist, was able to get to know these great men in their later years, and the depth of information and human interest in this book is the result of his personal relationships with the subjects, their families and their contemporaries. Codice libro della libreria APC9780195178456

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Istvan Hargittai
Editore: Oxford University Press Inc, United States (2006)
ISBN 10: 0195178459 ISBN 13: 9780195178456
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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2006. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****. If science has the equivalent of a Bloomsbury group, it is the five men born at the turn of the 20th century in the same neighborhood in Budapest: Theodore von Karman, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller. Through immigration from Hungary to Germany to the United States, they remained friends and continued to work together and influence each other throughout their lives. As a result, their work was integral to some of the most important scientific and political developments of the 20th century. They were an extraordinary group of talents: Wigner won a Nobel Prize in theoretical physics without ever having taken a formal college-level physics course, Szilard was the first to see that a chain reaction based on neutrons was possible but left physics to try to restrict nuclear arms, von Neumann could solve problems in his head for which most people needed computers, von Karman became the first director of NASA s Jet Propulsion Lab, and Teller was the father of the hydrogen bomb, whose name is now synonymous with the controversial Star Wars defense initiative of the 1980s.Each was fiercely opinionated and politically active, reactionaries against the fascism and anti-Semitism with which they had grown up. Istvan Hargittai, as a young Hungarian physicist, was able to get to know these great men in their later years, and the depth of information and human interest in this book is the result of his personal relationships with the subjects, their families and their contemporaries. Codice libro della libreria APC9780195178456

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