The Poverty of Conceptual Truth: Kant's Analytic/Synthetic Distinction and the Limits of Metaphysics

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9780198724575: The Poverty of Conceptual Truth: Kant's Analytic/Synthetic Distinction and the Limits of Metaphysics

The Poverty of Conceptual Truth is based on a simple idea. Kant's distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments underwrites a powerful argument against the metaphysical program of his Leibnizian-Wolffian predecessors—an argument from fundamental limits on its expressive power. In that tradition, metaphysics promised to reveal the deep rational structure of the world through a systematic philosophy consisting of strictly conceptual truths, which flow from a logically perspicuous relation of 'containment' among concepts. That is, all truths would be 'analytic,' in Kant's sense. Kant's distinction shows to the contrary that far reaching and scientifically indispensable parts of our knowledge of the world (including mathematics, the foundations of natural science, all knowledge from experience, and the central principles of metaphysics itself) are essentially synthetic and could never be restated in analytic form. Thus, the metaphysics of Kant's predecessors is doomed, because knowledge crucial to any adequate theory of the world cannot even be expressed in the idiom to which it restricts itself (and which was the basis of its claim to provide a transparently rational account of things). Traditional metaphysics founders on the expressive poverty of conceptual truth.
To establish these claims, R. Lanier Anderson shows how Kant's distinction can be given a clear basis within traditional logic, and traces Kant's long, difficult path to discovering it. Once analyticity is framed in clear logical terms, it is possible to reconstruct compelling arguments that elementary mathematics must be synthetic, and then to show how similar considerations about irreducible syntheticity animate Kant's famous arguments against traditional metaphysics in the Critique of Pure Reason.

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L'autore:

R. Lanier Anderson is Associate Professor of Philosophy (and by courtesy, of German Studies) at Stanford University, where he currently chairs the Philosophy Department. He works in the history of late modern philosophy with primary focus on Kant and nineteenth century philosophy, and is the author of a numerous articles about Kant, Nietzsche, and the neo-Kantian movement. His other research interests include Nietzsche's moral psychology and various topics in the philosophy of Montaigne.

Contenuti:

  • Introduction
  • 1: Containment Analyticity and Kant's Problem of Synthetic Judgment
  • Part I—The Traditional Logic of Concept Containment and its (alleged) Metaphysical Implications
  • 2: Containment and the Traditional Logic of Concepts
  • 3: The Wolffian Paradigm
  • 4: Narrowness and Trade-offs: Conceptual Truth in the 'Leibnizian-Wolffian' Philosophy
  • Part II—A Difficult Birth: the Emergence of Kant's Analytic/Synthetic Distinction
  • 5: Three Versions of Analyticity
  • 6: Methodological Beginnings: Analysis and Synthesis in the Published pre-Critical Works
  • 7: Making Synthetic Judgments Analytic: Kant's Long Road toward Logical Analyticity in the Reflexionen
  • Part III—Ineliminable Synthetic Truth in Elementary Mathematics
  • 8: The Logic of Concepts and a 'Two Step' Syntheticity Argument
  • 9: Kant on the Syntheticity of Elementary Mathematics
  • Part IV—The Poverty of Conceptual Truth and the Master Argument of the 'Transcendental Dialectic'
  • 10: The Master Argument
  • 11: The Soul and the World: the Master Argument in Kant's 'Paralogisms' and 'Antinomy'
  • 12: The Master Argument in the Critique of Rational Theology
  • Epilogue
  • 13: Empirical Concept Formation and the Systematic Role of Logical Division
  • Appendix 1: Kant's Criticisms of the Ontological Argument in 1763
  • Four Strands of Reflexionen on the Emerging Analytic/Synthetic Distinction
  • Friedman and the Phenomenological Reading

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, 2015. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. 236 x 164 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. The Poverty of Conceptual Truth is based on a simple idea. Kant s distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments underwrites a powerful argument against the metaphysical program of his Leibnizian-Wolffian predecessors-an argument from fundamental limits on its expressive power. In that tradition, metaphysics promised to reveal the deep rational structure of the world through a systematic philosophy consisting of strictly conceptual truths, which flow from a logically perspicuous relation of containment among concepts. That is, all truths would be analytic, in Kant s sense. Kant s distinction shows to the contrary that far reaching and scientifically indispensable parts of our knowledge of the world (including mathematics, the foundations of natural science, all knowledge from experience, and the central principles of metaphysics itself) are essentially synthetic and could never be restated in analytic form. Thus, the metaphysics of Kant s predecessors is doomed, because knowledge crucial to any adequate theory of the world cannot even be expressed in the idiom to which it restricts itself (and which was the basis of its claim to provide a transparently rational account of things). Traditional metaphysics founders on the expressive poverty of conceptual truth. To establish these claims, R. Lanier Anderson shows how Kant s distinction can be given a clear basis within traditional logic, and traces Kant s long, difficult path to discovering it. Once analyticity is framed in clear logical terms, it is possible to reconstruct compelling arguments that elementary mathematics must be synthetic, and then to show how similar considerations about irreducible syntheticity animate Kant s famous arguments against traditional metaphysics in the Critique of Pure Reason. Codice libro della libreria AOP9780198724575

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, 2015. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. 236 x 164 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. The Poverty of Conceptual Truth is based on a simple idea. Kant s distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments underwrites a powerful argument against the metaphysical program of his Leibnizian-Wolffian predecessors-an argument from fundamental limits on its expressive power. In that tradition, metaphysics promised to reveal the deep rational structure of the world through a systematic philosophy consisting of strictly conceptual truths, which flow from a logically perspicuous relation of containment among concepts. That is, all truths would be analytic, in Kant s sense. Kant s distinction shows to the contrary that far reaching and scientifically indispensable parts of our knowledge of the world (including mathematics, the foundations of natural science, all knowledge from experience, and the central principles of metaphysics itself) are essentially synthetic and could never be restated in analytic form. Thus, the metaphysics of Kant s predecessors is doomed, because knowledge crucial to any adequate theory of the world cannot even be expressed in the idiom to which it restricts itself (and which was the basis of its claim to provide a transparently rational account of things). Traditional metaphysics founders on the expressive poverty of conceptual truth. To establish these claims, R. Lanier Anderson shows how Kant s distinction can be given a clear basis within traditional logic, and traces Kant s long, difficult path to discovering it. Once analyticity is framed in clear logical terms, it is possible to reconstruct compelling arguments that elementary mathematics must be synthetic, and then to show how similar considerations about irreducible syntheticity animate Kant s famous arguments against traditional metaphysics in the Critique of Pure Reason. Codice libro della libreria AOP9780198724575

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press. Hardback. Condizione libro: new. BRAND NEW, The Poverty of Conceptual Truth: Kant's Analytic/Synthetic Distinction and the Limits of Metaphysics, R. Lanier Anderson, The Poverty of Conceptual Truth is based on a simple idea. Kant's distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments underwrites a powerful argument against the metaphysical program of his Leibnizian-Wolffian predecessors-an argument from fundamental limits on its expressive power. In that tradition, metaphysics promised to reveal the deep rational structure of the world through a systematic philosophy consisting of strictly conceptual truths, which flow from a logically perspicuous relation of 'containment' among concepts. That is, all truths would be 'analytic,' in Kant's sense. Kant's distinction shows to the contrary that far reaching and scientifically indispensable parts of our knowledge of the world (including mathematics, the foundations of natural science, all knowledge from experience, and the central principles of metaphysics itself) are essentially synthetic and could never be restated in analytic form. Thus, the metaphysics of Kant's predecessors is doomed, because knowledge crucial to any adequate theory of the world cannot even be expressed in the idiom to which it restricts itself (and which was the basis of its claim to provide a transparently rational account of things). Traditional metaphysics founders on the expressive poverty of conceptual truth. To establish these claims, R. Lanier Anderson shows how Kant's distinction can be given a clear basis within traditional logic, and traces Kant's long, difficult path to discovering it. Once analyticity is framed in clear logical terms, it is possible to reconstruct compelling arguments that elementary mathematics must be synthetic, and then to show how similar considerations about irreducible syntheticity animate Kant's famous arguments against traditional metaphysics in the Critique of Pure Reason. Codice libro della libreria B9780198724575

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, 2015. Condizione libro: New. R. Lanier Anderson presents a new account of Kant's distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments, and provides it with a clear basis within traditional logic. He reconstructs compelling claims about the syntheticity of elementary mathematics, and re-animates Kant's arguments against traditional metaphysics in the Critique of Pure Reason. Num Pages: 432 pages, illustrations. BIC Classification: HPCD1. Category: (UP) Postgraduate, Research & Scholarly; (UU) Undergraduate. Dimension: 164 x 236 x 27. Weight in Grams: 790. . 2015. 1st Edition. Hardcover. . . . . . Codice libro della libreria V9780198724575

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press. Condizione libro: New. R. Lanier Anderson presents a new account of Kant's distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments, and provides it with a clear basis within traditional logic. He reconstructs compelling claims about the syntheticity of elementary mathematics, and re-animates Kant's arguments against traditional metaphysics in the Critique of Pure Reason. Num Pages: 432 pages, illustrations. BIC Classification: HPCD1. Category: (UP) Postgraduate, Research & Scholarly; (UU) Undergraduate. Dimension: 164 x 236 x 27. Weight in Grams: 790. . 2015. 1st Edition. Hardcover. . . . . Books ship from the US and Ireland. Codice libro della libreria V9780198724575

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