Reproductive States: Global Perspectives on the Invention and Implementation of Population Policy

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9780199311071: Reproductive States: Global Perspectives on the Invention and Implementation of Population Policy

When it comes to government's role in personal matters such as family planning, most bristle at any interference from the State on how to exercise their reproductive rights. China's infamous "one child" policy is a well-known example of reproductive politics, but history is filled with other examples of governmental population control to advance its interests. Reproductive States is the first volume of a collection of case studies that explores when and how some of the most populous countries in the world invented and implemented state population policies in the 20th century.

The authors, scholars specializing in reproductive politics, survey population policies from key countries on five continents to provide a global perspective. Regardless of the type of government or its cultural history, many of these countries have developed similar policies to control their populations and attempt to combat social problems such as poverty and hunger. However, the common denominator is that states have used women's bodies as a political resource.

Far from being just an overseas problem, this volume illustrates how other countries have developed their strategies in response to goals and tactics driven by the United Nations and the United States. Due to fears of a post-World War II "population bomb" and uncertainty of how to deal with the world's poor after the Cold War, the U.S. and the Soviet Union led the charge among nations to devise strategies to control their populations, but in different ways. The U.S. and some European countries pressed the poor and ethnic minorities to limit reproduction. China's "one child" policy targeted all ranks of society, while Soviet women (who already had few rights) were under surveillance through state-planned services such as medical care and commodity distribution to detect pregnancy.

Interweaving biopolitics, gender studies, statecraft, and world systems, Reproductive States offer reflections on the outcome of such policies and their legacies in our day.

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About the Author:


Rickie Solinger is a historian and curator. She is author of Reproductive Politics: What Everyone Needs to Know.

Mie Nakachi is Associate Professor of Gender Studies and Russian History at the Center for Applied Ethics, Hokkaido University.

Review:


"In days gone by, these ten chapters on population policy in ten of the largest, most powerful countries on Earth all might have been contributed by men. This time, however, all the authors (including the coeditors) are women, in many cases from the countries they write about, and they take a decidedly feminist perspective in outlining how each country arrives at actionable population policies. For those concerned with the feminist political implications of population policies, this is a good summary of how some major nations have approached the issue."
--E. Carlson, Florida State University, CHOICE


"The stories Reproductive States tells bring us back to the connections between population policies and economic growth, and their relationship, in turn, to women ... The stories told in these chapters expose the racial, ethnic, religious, gender and class biases that shaped the establishment and implementation of each country's population policies."
-- Mindy Jane Roseman, Women's Review of Books


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Editore: Oxford University Press (2016)
ISBN 10: 0199311072 ISBN 13: 9780199311071
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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2016. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. Over the past hundred years, population policy has been a powerful tactic for achieving national goals. Whether the focus has been on increasing the birth rate to project strength and promote nation-building-as in Brazil in the 1960s, where the military government insisted that a powerful nation meant a populous nation, - or on limiting population through contraception and sterilization as a means of combatting overpopulation, poverty, and various other social ills, states have always used women s bodies as a political resource. In Reproductive States, a group of international scholars-specialists in population and reproductive politics of Japan, Germany, India, Egypt, Nigeria, China, Brazil, the Soviet Union/Russia, and the United States-explore the population politics, policies and practices adopted in these countries and offer reflections on the outcomes of those policies and their legacies. The essays in this volume focus on the context that stimulated nations to develop demographic imperatives regarding population size and quality, and consider how those imperatives became unique sets of priorities and strategies. They also illuminate how these nations crafted their own policies and practices, often while responding to United Nations- and U.S.- driven population goals, tactics, and interventions. The global perspective of this volume shines light on national specificities, including change over time within a nation, while also capturing interconnections among various national politics and discourses, including evolving constructions of the key and complex concept of overpopulation. The first volume to survey population policies from key countries on five continents and to interweave gender politics, reproductive rights, statecraft, and world systems, Reproductive States will be an essential work for scholars of anthropology, women and gender studies, feminist theory, and biopolitics. Codice libro della libreria AAS9780199311071

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2016. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. Over the past hundred years, population policy has been a powerful tactic for achieving national goals. Whether the focus has been on increasing the birth rate to project strength and promote nation-building-as in Brazil in the 1960s, where the military government insisted that a powerful nation meant a populous nation, - or on limiting population through contraception and sterilization as a means of combatting overpopulation, poverty, and various other social ills, states have always used women s bodies as a political resource. In Reproductive States, a group of international scholars-specialists in population and reproductive politics of Japan, Germany, India, Egypt, Nigeria, China, Brazil, the Soviet Union/Russia, and the United States-explore the population politics, policies and practices adopted in these countries and offer reflections on the outcomes of those policies and their legacies. The essays in this volume focus on the context that stimulated nations to develop demographic imperatives regarding population size and quality, and consider how those imperatives became unique sets of priorities and strategies. They also illuminate how these nations crafted their own policies and practices, often while responding to United Nations- and U.S.- driven population goals, tactics, and interventions. The global perspective of this volume shines light on national specificities, including change over time within a nation, while also capturing interconnections among various national politics and discourses, including evolving constructions of the key and complex concept of overpopulation. The first volume to survey population policies from key countries on five continents and to interweave gender politics, reproductive rights, statecraft, and world systems, Reproductive States will be an essential work for scholars of anthropology, women and gender studies, feminist theory, and biopolitics. Codice libro della libreria AAS9780199311071

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