Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century: An Institutional Approach

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9780199366040: Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century: An Institutional Approach

The institutional shortcomings of the World Trade Organization (WTO) became apparent during the Doha Round of Trade negotiations that began in 2001 and which aimed to improve the success of developing countries' trading by lowering trade barriers and adjusting other trade rules. This "development agenda" meant different things to rich and poor countries. In addition, many of the circumstances that supported success in General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) negotiations of 1947 were no longer present after the WTO was founded in 1995.

In Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century, Kent Jones examines the difficulties of the WTO in completing multilateral trade negotiations and possible ways to restore its ability to do so. The problem lies in the institutional structure it inherited from the GATT, which was designed for a more limited scope of trade negotiations among a relatively small number of wealthier, industrialized countries. Jones presents an institutional model of the GATT/WTO system, which describes why such an organization exists and how it is supposed to accomplish its goals.

Institutional reforms will be necessary to restore the WTO's ability to complete global trade agreements, including a more flexible application of the consensus rule, a common understanding among all members about the limits of domestic policy space that is subject to negotiation, and clearer rules on reciprocity obligations. The popularity of bilateral and regional trade agreements, which have emerged as the alternative to WTO agreements, presents a threat to the WTO's relevance in trade negotiations, but also an opportunity to "multilateralize" new and deeper trade integration in future WTO agreements. Aid for trade may also play an instrumental role in bringing more developing countries into WTO disciplines. Above all, WTO members must develop new ways to find common ground in order to negotiate for mutual gains from trade.

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About the Author:


Kent Jones is Professor of Economics at Babson College, where he has taught since 1982. He has also served as visiting professor at Brandeis University, Tufts University (Fletcher School), and the University of Innsbruck. He has held positions at the US International Trade Commission and the US Department of State. Dr. Jones is the author of several books and articles on international trade policy, including The Doha Blues: Institutional Crisis and Reform in the WTO (Oxford University Press, 2010). His research focuses on globalization, trade policy and international institutions.

Review:


"As with his previous books on the WTO, Kent Jones has written a lucid introduction to the problems afflicting the world trading system and multilateral trade negotiations. This book will be valuable to anyone interested in the future of the WTO."

Douglas Irwin, Dartmouth College


"A good place to start to understand the failure of WTO member states to reach new WTO agreements to improve global trade since 1997. Written by an advocate of multilateral trade expansion, the book is deep, comprehensive, up-to-date, and suggests a way back to Geneva."

-John Odell, University of Southern California


"This title by Jones (Babson College) comes at a critical juncture. The Doha Round, the latest round of trade negotiations among World Trade Organization (WTO) members, was launched in 2001 and shows little signs of coming to a successful completion. Frustrated by the lack of progress, many countries are signing regional trade agreements involving fewer trading partners and less complexity. The WTO appears to be in danger of becoming irrelevant. Adopting an institutional approach, Jones describes the history of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (the predecessor to the WTO), its successes in the post-WW II era, the transition to the WTO, and the current predicament of the global trading regime.


Despite the nature of the problems besetting the Doha Round, the author is surprisingly optimistic about prospects for the Geneva-based institution and proffers suggestions for getting the WTO back on track. Perhaps most important, Jones notes that gains from trade remain substantial, providing a latent impetus for liberalization. This is evident from the move toward regional trade agreements such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership and Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership-a development the WTO needs to accommodate more coherently in its vision of an open world trading regime."

-S. Paul, Elizabethtown College, Choice


"I highly recommend this book, both as an inspiration for potential changes to the existing institutional framework of the WTO as well as a basis for discussion for not only economists but also lawyers, political scientists and trade negotiators from the respective WTO members."

- Henrik Andersen, International Trade Law & Regulation


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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, 2015. Condizione libro: New. Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century explores the reasons for the WTO's failure to achieve comprehensive multilateral trade liberalization in the new 21st century global economy. The solution to the problem must come from institutional reforms that can promote global agreement on achieving the gains from trade. Num Pages: 320 pages. BIC Classification: KCLT; LBBM; LBBU. Category: (P) Professional & Vocational; (U) Tertiary Education (US: College). Dimension: 245 x 167 x 32. Weight in Grams: 544. . 2015. 1st Edition. Hardcover. . . . . . Codice libro della libreria V9780199366040

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2015. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. The institutional shortcomings of the World Trade Organization (WTO) became apparent during the Doha Round of Trade negotiations that began in 2001 and which aimed to improve the success of developing countries trading by lowering trade barriers and adjusting other trade rules. This development agenda meant different things to rich and poor countries. In addition, many of the circumstances that supported success in General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) negotiations of 1947 were no longer present after the WTO was founded in 1995. In Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century, Kent Jones examines the difficulties of the WTO in completing multilateral trade negotiations and possible ways to restore its ability to do so. The problem lies in the institutional structure it inherited from the GATT, which was designed for a more limited scope of trade negotiations among a relatively small number of wealthier, industrialized countries. Jones presents an institutional model of the GATT/WTO system, which describes why such an organization exists and how it is supposed to accomplish its goals. Institutional reforms will be necessary to restore the WTO s ability to complete global trade agreements, including a more flexible application of the consensus rule, a common understanding among all members about the limits of domestic policy space that is subject to negotiation, and clearer rules on reciprocity obligations. The popularity of bilateral and regional trade agreements, which have emerged as the alternative to WTO agreements, presents a threat to the WTO s relevance in trade negotiations, but also an opportunity to multilateralize new and deeper trade integration in future WTO agreements. Aid for trade may also play an instrumental role in bringing more developing countries into WTO disciplines. Above all, WTO members must develop new ways to find common ground in order to negotiate for mutual gains from trade. Codice libro della libreria AAZ9780199366040

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2015. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. The institutional shortcomings of the World Trade Organization (WTO) became apparent during the Doha Round of Trade negotiations that began in 2001 and which aimed to improve the success of developing countries trading by lowering trade barriers and adjusting other trade rules. This development agenda meant different things to rich and poor countries. In addition, many of the circumstances that supported success in General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) negotiations of 1947 were no longer present after the WTO was founded in 1995. In Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century, Kent Jones examines the difficulties of the WTO in completing multilateral trade negotiations and possible ways to restore its ability to do so. The problem lies in the institutional structure it inherited from the GATT, which was designed for a more limited scope of trade negotiations among a relatively small number of wealthier, industrialized countries. Jones presents an institutional model of the GATT/WTO system, which describes why such an organization exists and how it is supposed to accomplish its goals.Institutional reforms will be necessary to restore the WTO s ability to complete global trade agreements, including a more flexible application of the consensus rule, a common understanding among all members about the limits of domestic policy space that is subject to negotiation, and clearer rules on reciprocity obligations. The popularity of bilateral and regional trade agreements, which have emerged as the alternative to WTO agreements, presents a threat to the WTO s relevance in trade negotiations, but also an opportunity to multilateralize new and deeper trade integration in future WTO agreements. Aid for trade may also play an instrumental role in bringing more developing countries into WTO disciplines. Above all, WTO members must develop new ways to find common ground in order to negotiate for mutual gains from trade. Codice libro della libreria AAZ9780199366040

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press. Condizione libro: New. Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century explores the reasons for the WTO's failure to achieve comprehensive multilateral trade liberalization in the new 21st century global economy. The solution to the problem must come from institutional reforms that can promote global agreement on achieving the gains from trade. Num Pages: 320 pages. BIC Classification: KCLT; LBBM; LBBU. Category: (P) Professional & Vocational; (U) Tertiary Education (US: College). Dimension: 245 x 167 x 32. Weight in Grams: 544. . 2015. 1st Edition. Hardcover. . . . . Books ship from the US and Ireland. Codice libro della libreria V9780199366040

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