Descartes and the First Cartesians

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9780199563517: Descartes and the First Cartesians

Descartes and the First Cartesians adopts the perspective that we should not approach Rene Descartes as a solitary thinker, but as a philosopher who constructs a dialogue with his contemporaries, so as to engage them and elements of his society into his philosophical enterprise. Roger Ariew argues that an important aspect of this engagement concerns the endeavor to establish Cartesian philosophy in the Schools, that is, to replace Aristotle as the authority there. Descartes wrote the Principles of Philosophy as something of a rival to Scholastic textbooks, initially conceiving the project as a comparison of his philosophy and that of the Scholastics. Still, what Descartes produced was inadequate for the task. The topics of Scholastic textbooks ranged more broadly than those of Descartes; they usually had quadripartite arrangements mirroring the structure of the collegiate curriculum, divided as they typically were into logic, ethics, physics, and metaphysics. But Descartes produced at best only what could be called a general metaphysics and a partial physics. These deficiencies in the Cartesian program and in its aspiration to replace Scholastic philosophy in the schools caused the Cartesians to rush in to fill the voids. The attempt to publish a Cartesian textbook that would mirror what was taught in the schools began in the 1650s with Jacques Du Roure and culminated in the 1690s with Pierre-Sylvain Regis and Antoine Le Grand. Ariew's original account thus considers the reception of Descartes' work, and establishes the significance of his philosophical enterprise in relation to the textbooks of the first Cartesians and in contrast with late Scholastic textbooks.

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About the Author:


Roger Ariew joined the Philosophy Department at the University of South Florida in 2004 after a postdoctoral position at the University of Chicago, and many years at Virginia Tech. His principal interests concern the relations between philosophy, science, and society in the early modern period. He is the author of Descartes and the Last Scholastics (Cornell University Press, 1999), with a second, revised and expanded edition published as Descartes among the Scholastics (2011), co-author of The A to Z of Descartes and Cartesian Philosophy (Scarecrow Press, 2010), and editor and translator of such works as Descartes, Philosophical Essays and Correspondence (Hackett, 2000). He has been awarded multiple fellowships and research grants by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the National Science Foundation. He is currently working on a complete historical-critical edition and English translation of Descartes' correspondence, with Theo Verbeek and Erik-Jan Bos.

Review:


"The book as a whole will be crucial for those focusing on Descartes's work and its subsequent development... Highly recommended." --Choice


"It is an impressive feat of scholarship and required reading for anyone interested in the role that educational institutions played in the transition from late Scholastic to early modern philosophy." -- Journal of the History of Philosophy


"Ariew cracks open the door in the wardrobe to a hitherto largely overlooked philosophical world with which Descartes and his followers were intensely engaged and were zealously striving to transform. The book is an inspiring primer for graduate students and professional scholars alike to step off the well-trodden path and into an as yet mostly unexplored realm." -- Renaissance Quarterly


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Roger Ariew
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ISBN 10: 0199563519 ISBN 13: 9780199563517
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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press. Hardback. Condizione libro: new. BRAND NEW, Descartes and the First Cartesians, Roger Ariew, Descartes and the First Cartesians adopts the perspective that we should not approach Rene Descartes as a solitary thinker, but as a philosopher who constructs a dialogue with his contemporaries, so as to engage them and elements of his society into his philosophical enterprise. Roger Ariew argues that an important aspect of this engagement concerns the endeavor to establish Cartesian philosophy in the Schools, that is, to replace Aristotle as the authority there. Descartes wrote the Principles of Philosophy as something of a rival to Scholastic textbooks, initially conceiving the project as a comparison of his philosophy and that of the Scholastics. Still, what Descartes produced was inadequate for the task. The topics of Scholastic textbooks ranged more broadly than those of Descartes; they usually had quadripartite arrangements mirroring the structure of the collegiate curriculum, divided as they typically were into logic, ethics, physics, and metaphysics. But Descartes produced at best only what could be called a general metaphysics and a partial physics. These deficiencies in the Cartesian program and in its aspiration to replace Scholastic philosophy in the schools caused the Cartesians to rush in to fill the voids. The attempt to publish a Cartesian textbook that would mirror what was taught in the schools began in the 1650s with Jacques Du Roure and culminated in the 1690s with Pierre-Sylvain Regis and Antoine Le Grand. Ariew's original account thus considers the reception of Descartes' work, and establishes the significance of his philosophical enterprise in relation to the textbooks of the first Cartesians and in contrast with late Scholastic textbooks. Codice libro della libreria B9780199563517

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Descrizione libro OUP Oxford, 2014. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria TH9780199563517

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, 2015. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria P110199563519

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