Causality: Philosophical Theory meets Scientific Practice

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9780199662678: Causality: Philosophical Theory meets Scientific Practice

Head hits cause brain damage - but not always. Should we ban sport to protect athletes? Exposure to electromagnetic fields is strongly associated with cancer development - does that mean exposure causes cancer? Should we encourage old fashioned communication instead of mobile phones to reduce cancer rates? According to popular wisdom, the Mediterranean diet keeps you healthy. Is this belief scientifically sound? Should public health bodies encourage consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables? Severe financial constraints on research and public policy, media pressure, and public anxiety make such questions of immense current concern not just to philosophers but to scientists, governments, public bodies, and the general public.

In the last decade there has been an explosion of theorizing about causality in philosophy, and also in the sciences. This literature is both fascinating and important, but it is involved and highly technical. This makes it inaccessible to many who would like to use it, philosophers and scientists alike.

This book is an introduction to philosophy of causality - one that is highly accessible: to scientists unacquainted with philosophy, to philosophers unacquainted with science, and to anyone else lost in the labyrinth of philosophical theories of causality. It presents key philosophical accounts, concepts and methods, using examples from the sciences to show how to apply philosophical debates to scientific problems.

Le informazioni nella sezione "Riassunto" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

About the Author:

Phyllis Illari is Lecturer in Philosophy of Science in the Science and Technology Studies department at University College London. Before joining UCL in 2013, she finished a project on Information Quality with Luciano Floridi, and previously completed a project on Mechanisms and Causality with Jon Williamson. She is primarily research active in the philosophy of science, particularly the philosophy of causality and the philosophy of information. She is on the editorial board of the journal Philosophy and Technology, and on the committee of the British Society for the Philosophy of Science. She is the author of numerous articles in the philosophy of science and edited volumes and special issues on causality in the sciences, including Causality in the Sciences (OUP 2011) with Federica Russo and Jon Williamson. Since 2008, she and Federica Russo have been members of the Steering Committee of the 'Causality in the Sciences' conference series.

Federica Russo is Assistant Professor at the University of Amsterdam and has visited the Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science (London School of Economics) from April 2004 to January 2005 and the Center for Philosophy of Science (Pittsburgh) from January to April 2009. She is interested in causality and probability in the social, biomedical and policy sciences, as well as in the philosophical, legal, and social, implications of technology. Federica is part of the editorial board of the journals Philosophy and Technology and Topoi. She is the author of Causality and causal modelling in the social sciences. Measuring variations (Springer, 2009), and of numerous articles (sole or co-authored) on causality in the social, biomedical, and policy sciences. She has edited several volumes in philosophy of science and technology, including Causality in the Sciences (OUP 2011) with Phyllis Illari and Jon Williamson.

Contenuti:

  • I PRELUDE TO CAUSALITY
  • 1: Problems of causality in the sciences
  • 2: A scientific toolbox for philosophy
  • 3: A philosophical toolbox for science
  • II CAUSALITY: ACCOUNTS, CONCEPTS, AND METHODS
  • 4: Necessary and sufficient components
  • 5: Levels of causation
  • 6: Causality and evidence
  • 7: Causal methods: probing the data
  • 8: Difference-making: probabilistic causality
  • 9: Difference-making: counterfactuals
  • 10: Difference-making: manipulation and invariance
  • 11: Production accounts: processes
  • 12: Production accounts: mechanisms
  • 13: Production accounts: information
  • 14: Capacities, powers, dispositions
  • 15: Regularity
  • 16: Variation
  • 17: Causality and action
  • 18: Causality and inference
  • III APPROACHES TO EXAMINING CAUSALITY
  • 19: How we got to the Causality in the Sciences approach (CitS)
  • 20: Examples and counterexamples
  • 21: Truth or models?
  • 22: Epistemology, metaphysics, method, semantics, use
  • IV CONCLUSION: TOWARDS A CAUSAL MOSAIC
  • 23: Pluralism
  • 24: The causal mosaic under construction: the example of exposomics

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Illari, Phyllis; Russo, Federica
Editore: Oxford University Press, United Kingdom (2014)
ISBN 10: 0199662673 ISBN 13: 9780199662678
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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, 2014. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. 240 x 160 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Head hits cause brain damage - but not always. Should we ban sport to protect athletes? Exposure to electromagnetic fields is strongly associated with cancer development - does that mean exposure causes cancer? Should we encourage old fashioned communication instead of mobile phones to reduce cancer rates? According to popular wisdom, the Mediterranean diet keeps you healthy. Is this belief scientifically sound? Should public health bodies encourage consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables? Severe financial constraints on research and public policy, media pressure, and public anxiety make such questions of immense current concern not just to philosophers but to scientists, governments, public bodies, and the general public. In the last decade there has been an explosion of theorizing about causality in philosophy, and also in the sciences. This literature is both fascinating and important, but it is involved and highly technical. This makes it inaccessible to many who would like to use it, philosophers and scientists alike. This book is an introduction to philosophy of causality - one that is highly accessible: to scientists unacquainted with philosophy, to philosophers unacquainted with science, and to anyone else lost in the labyrinth of philosophical theories of causality. It presents key philosophical accounts, concepts and methods, using examples from the sciences to show how to apply philosophical debates to scientific problems. Codice libro della libreria AOP9780199662678

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press. Hardback. Condizione libro: new. BRAND NEW, Causality: Philosophical Theory Meets Scientific Practice, Phyllis Illari, Federica Russo, Head hits cause brain damage - but not always. Should we ban sport to protect athletes? Exposure to electromagnetic fields is strongly associated with cancer development - does that mean exposure causes cancer? Should we encourage old fashioned communication instead of mobile phones to reduce cancer rates? According to popular wisdom, the Mediterranean diet keeps you healthy. Is this belief scientifically sound? Should public health bodies encourage consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables? Severe financial constraints on research and public policy, media pressure, and public anxiety make such questions of immense current concern not just to philosophers but to scientists, governments, public bodies, and the general public. In the last decade there has been an explosion of theorizing about causality in philosophy, and also in the sciences. This literature is both fascinating and important, but it is involved and highly technical. This makes it inaccessible to many who would like to use it, philosophers and scientists alike. This book is an introduction to philosophy of causality - one that is highly accessible: to scientists unacquainted with philosophy, to philosophers unacquainted with science, and to anyone else lost in the labyrinth of philosophical theories of causality. It presents key philosophical accounts, concepts and methods, using examples from the sciences to show how to apply philosophical debates to scientific problems. Codice libro della libreria B9780199662678

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, 2014. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. 240 x 160 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Head hits cause brain damage - but not always. Should we ban sport to protect athletes? Exposure to electromagnetic fields is strongly associated with cancer development - does that mean exposure causes cancer? Should we encourage old fashioned communication instead of mobile phones to reduce cancer rates? According to popular wisdom, the Mediterranean diet keeps you healthy. Is this belief scientifically sound? Should public health bodies encourage consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables? Severe financial constraints on research and public policy, media pressure, and public anxiety make such questions of immense current concern not just to philosophers but to scientists, governments, public bodies, and the general public. In the last decade there has been an explosion of theorizing about causality in philosophy, and also in the sciences. This literature is both fascinating and important, but it is involved and highly technical. This makes it inaccessible to many who would like to use it, philosophers and scientists alike. This book is an introduction to philosophy of causality - one that is highly accessible: to scientists unacquainted with philosophy, to philosophers unacquainted with science, and to anyone else lost in the labyrinth of philosophical theories of causality. It presents key philosophical accounts, concepts and methods, using examples from the sciences to show how to apply philosophical debates to scientific problems. Codice libro della libreria AOP9780199662678

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, 2014. Condizione libro: New. Scientific and philosophical literature on causality has become highly specialised. It is hard to find suitable access points for students, young researchers, or professionals outside this domain. This book provides a guide to the complex literature, explains the scientific problems of causality and the philosophical tools needed to address them. Num Pages: 328 pages, 8 b/w line drawings. BIC Classification: HPJ; HPK; PBB; PDA. Category: (G) General (US: Trade). Dimension: 246 x 169 x 22. Weight in Grams: 590. . 2014. 1st Edition. Hardcover. . . . . . Codice libro della libreria V9780199662678

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, 2014. Condizione libro: New. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: Scientific and philosophical literature on causality has become highly specialised. It is hard to find suitable access points for students, young researchers, or professionals outside this domain. This book provides a guide to the complex literature, explains the scientific problems of causality and the philosophical tools needed to address them. Codice libro della libreria ABE_book_new_0199662673

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