Plato's Rivalry with Medicine: A Struggle and Its Dissolution

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9780199919802: Plato's Rivalry with Medicine: A Struggle and Its Dissolution

While scholars typically view Plato's engagement with medicine as uniform and largely positive, Susan B. Levin argues that from the Gorgias through the Laws, his handling of medicine unfolds in several key phases. Further, she shows that Plato views medicine as an important rival for authority on phusis (nature) and eudaimonia (flourishing). Levin's arguments rest on careful attention both to Plato and to the Hippocratic Corpus.

Levin shows that an evident but unexpressed tension involving medicine's status emerges in the Gorgias and is explored in Plato's critiques of medicine in the Symposium and Republic. In the Laws, however, this rivalry and tension dissolve. Levin addresses the question of why Plato's rivalry with medicine is put to rest while those with rhetoric and poetry continue. On her account, developments in his views of human nature, with their resulting impact on his political thought, drive Plato's striking adjustments involving medicine in the Laws.

Levin's investigation of Plato is timely: for the first time in the history of bioethics, the value of ancient philosophy is receiving notable attention. Most discussions focus on Aristotle's concept of phronêsis (practical wisdom); here, Levin argues that Plato has much to offer bioethics as it works to address pressing concerns about the doctor-patient tie, medical professionalism, and medicine's relationship to society.

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L'autore:

Susan B. Levin is Professor of Philosophy at Smith College. She has previously published The Ancient Quarrel between Philosophy and Poetry Revisited: Plato and the Greek Literary Tradition (OUP, 2001) and numerous articles.

Contenuti:

  • Terms
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1: The Gorgias' Innovative Lens on Human Existence
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Technai v. Empeiriai: The Gorgias' Account of What Is and Is Not Worth Doing
  • 3. The Gorgias' Soul-Body Division
  • 4. Goods Set Apart from the Good
  • 5. Hedonism and Antithetical Ways of Life
  • 6. Order as the Key to Virtue and the Good
  • 7. The Gorgias on Punishment
  • 8. Gorgias 517d-518a and the Dialogue's Final Hierarchy of Human Endeavors
  • 9. The Gorgias' Preeminent Technê of Politics
  • Chapter 2: Medicine in the Gorgias: A Collision Course with Philosophy Is Set
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Medicine's Role as Aid and Support to the Gorgias' Castigation of Rhetoric
  • 3. Taking Stock of the Gorgias' Parallels and Debts to Medical Writings
  • 4. The Roots of What Will Become Plato's Head-On Rivalry with Medicine
  • 4.1 Medicine on the Highest Good and the Big Three Epithumiai
  • 4.2 Pain
  • 4.3 Soul
  • 4.4 Microcosmic Hubris
  • 5. Looking Ahead
  • Chapter 3: Eryximachus' Tale: The Symposium's Challenge to Medicine's Preeminence
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Eryximachus as Emcee?
  • 3. Macrocosmic Occupations: The Logos of Eryximachus and Its Hippocratic Backdrop
  • 4. Eryximachus' Appropriation and Critique of Heraclitus and Anaximander
  • 5. Desire, Self-Indulgence, and Self-Control: Eryximachus and Aretê
  • 6. The Field of Technai: Eryximachus' Loose Construction
  • 7. Concluding Thoughts: Eryximachus' and Our Own
  • Chapter 4: Justice and the Good in Kallipolis: Medicine's Ejection from the Ranks of Technai
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The Hippocratic Backdrop
  • 2.1 Treatments
  • 2.2 Conditions
  • 2.3 Non-Disease Impairments
  • 3. The Republic's Account of Medical Practice
  • 4. Philosophers, the Big Three, and the Soul-Body Tie
  • 5. Infallible Philosophers and the Good
  • 6. Medicine a Technê No More
  • 7. The Republic's Hierarchy of Human Endeavors and Medicine's Distinctiveness
  • 8. A Brief Look Ahead
  • Chapter 5: Approaching the Laws by Way of the Statesman
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Human Capacity in the Statesman and Republic Compared
  • 3. The Statesman on Human Endeavors
  • 4. Medicine in the Statesman and Its Sociopolitical Milieu
  • 5. The Laws on Phusis and (In)Fallibility: The Laws and Republic Contrasted
  • 6. The Touchstone of Magnesia's Quest for Unity
  • 7. Maintaining Magnesia: The Nocturnal Council as Philosopher-Rulers or Closely Akin Thereto?
  • 7.1 Revising the Law
  • 7.2 Magistrates' Corruptibility
  • 7.3 The Nocturnal Council's Fallibility as a Judge of Character
  • 7.4 Magnesia's Own Cognitive Resources are Insufficient
  • 7.5 Cognitive Adequacy and the Council
  • 8. Conclusion
  • Chapter 6: Medicine in the Laws: A Rivalry Dissolved
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The Laws' Opposition to Rhetoricians/Sophists and Poets
  • 3. Medicine in the Laws
  • 4. Magnesia's Ordinary Citizens Front and Center
  • 5. Non-Citizens' Enhanced Position in Magnesia
  • 6. The Gorgias' Uncertainty Resolved
  • Chapter 7: Plato's Legacy to Contemporary Bioethics
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Entrenchment in Bioethics' Quest for Alternatives: Two Prominent Illustrations
  • 3. Avoiding Scylla and Charybdis: Aristotle to the Rescue?
  • 4. Bioethics and Plato Thus Far
  • 5. Preconditions of True Doctor-Patient Collaboration: Grounding an Appeal to Plato
  • 6. Bioethics Compared with the Laws on Human Fallibility
  • 7. Parity and Paideia
  • 8. Paideia and Medical School: Island or Way Station?
  • 9. Paideia and (Im)moral Incentives
  • 10. Transparency and Accountability: The Who and What of Knowing
  • 11. Veatch and Brody on Lay People's Values-Contributions
  • 12. Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • General Index
  • Index Locorum

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Susan B. Levin
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Descrizione libro 2014. HRD. Condizione libro: New. New Book. Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. Established seller since 2000. Codice libro della libreria VU-9780199919802

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, 2014. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria P110199919801

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LEVIN, Susan B.,
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Descrizione libro Condizione libro: New. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2014. XIV,299p. Hardbound with dust wrps. 'Given the increasing scholarly attention to ancient medicine and its cultural context over the past decade or so, Susan Levin?s project investigating Plato?s changing impressions of medicine and its relationship to philosophy is both important and timely. (.) 'Plato?s Rivalry with Medicine' is aimed at a broad audience, beyond scholars of ancient philosophy to bioethicists and medical historians (4; the OUP web page also includes doctors and nurses as other potential readers). Those without specific backgrounds in Plato or ancient medicine might find themselves disoriented at times by some of Levin?s more nuanced discussions; however, these instances are few, since the author takes special care to ensure the work?s accessibility, and the most dense scholarly comments are reserved for the footnotes. Key concepts and terms are defined in the body of the text, all Greek is transliterated, and both the occasional select Greek passages and individual words are translated for the reader. A robust glossary of Greek terms is included at the beginning of the work (xi-xiv), as is an index locorum to Platonic dialogues and Hippocratic treatises at the conclusion. 'Plato?s Rivalry with Medicine' is a well-argued, intellectually challenging, and edifying work that is accessible to a wide range of readers. The fresh light that it shines upon the professional location of physicians within Laws? Magnesia is a particularly valuable contribution, made all the more so by Levin?s arguments about how Plato eventually arrived at that point. Of no less importance, though, is Levin?s demonstration of how the works of Plato - and ancient thought more broadly - can provide useful insights for exploring contemporary philosophical issues in productive ways. It is my opinion that Levin has achieved this here, and I look forward to seeing further discussion that the book promotes.' (TYSON SUKAVA in Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2015.08.30). Condition: New. Codice libro della libreria 47283

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Descrizione libro Condizione libro: New. Oxford University Press, 2014. 320p. Hardback. . Levin reminds us that Plato's attitude toward medicine is not as simple and consistent as often assumed . I praise her attempt to make use of this trove of illuminating but largely undervalued texts in her reconstruction of Platoas historical-cultural context. The same goes for her treatment of the Laws, which, she demonstrates, ought to be studied more seriously as a guide to Platoas thought than it often is. Joel E. Mann, Ancient Philosophy |a 01/04/2016 (Publisher's information). Condition: New Print on Demand. Printed on Demand. Codice libro della libreria 42765

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Descrizione libro Oxford Univ Pr, 2014. Hardcover. Condizione libro: Brand New. 1st edition. 299 pages. 9.50x6.50x1.00 inches. In Stock. Codice libro della libreria 0199919801

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Descrizione libro 2014. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. 163mm x 30mm x 236mm. Hardcover. While scholars typically view Plato's engagement with medicine as uniform and largely positive, Susan B. Levin argues that from the Gorgias through the Laws, his handling of m.Shipping may be from our Sydney, NSW warehouse or from our UK or US warehouse, depending on stock availability. 299 pages. 0.544. Codice libro della libreria 9780199919802

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