This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1841 Excerpt: ...the Aventine were the temples of Diana, of Juno Regina, the Bona Dea and Minerva, the armilustrium, the atrium of Liberty, the palaces of Sura and of Trajan, the thermas of Varius and Decius. These edifices have all nearly disappeared. S. MARIA AVENTINA. This church was built in the XIII century, restored by Pius V, and reduced to its present state by cardinal Rezzonico in 1765 from the designs of Piranesi, who united in its decoration various ornaments of antiquity. As it belongs to the knights of Malta it is known as the priory; it commands a fine view of Rome and of the environs. The temple of the Bona Dea was near this spot on the declivity of the hill. S. ALEXIUS. Near S. Alexius was the armilustrum, a name derived from the exercises of the soldiers and the games they celebrated in honour of Mars and Tatius. This church is anterior to the IX century; it became an abbey in 975, was reconsecrated in 1217 and now belongs to the monks ofS. Jerome. S. SABINA. Was built over the house of the father of this saint oear the temple of Juno Regina erected by Camillus after the capture of Veii. Its foundation is due to an Illyrian priest named Peter in 425 as is seen from a mosaic inscription over the principal door. It was restored by several popes and finally by Sixtus V in 1587. It is divided into three naves by 12 fluted Corinthian columns on each side. In the chapel of the smallest nave is a master piece of Sassoferrata representing the Virgin of the Rosary, S. Dominic and S. Catherine of Siena. s. PRISCA. This church, it is said, was built over the house of S. Prisca who, according to tradition, was converted to the faith and baptized with many others on this spot by S. Peter himself. It contains 24 antique columns, frescoes by Fontebuoni, and a painting by ...
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