The Connection Between England and Scotland

9780217625357: The Connection Between England and Scotland

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1885. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER II. THE ACQUISITION OF LOTHIAN BY SCOTLAND. The Northmen in England and Alban.--We find the united kingdom of the Picts and Scots suffering from the inroads of the Danes in the same way as its southern neighbours. England was most harassed by the Danes, Alban by the Norwegians. The last of the native kings of Northumbria fell in battle against the Danes at York in 867; the Danes made a com. plpte conquest of Northumbria, and set up a Danish king in Yorkshire. At the close of the same century the Norwegians conquered the Orkney Islands, and having established themselves there, made Orkney their basis of operations for the conquest of Northern Scotland. How far the kingdom of Kenneth I. extended we have no means of knowing, but at the utmost it could not have reached beyond the Spey; and the conquest and colonization of Caithness and Sutherland by the Norwegians boded as much danger to the rising kingdom of Alban as the conquests and settlements of the Danes in England did to the rising kingdom of Wessex. There can be no doubt that by these settlements in North and South Britain a considerable amount of Scandinavian blood was infused into the population of this island. But the supremely important result of these heathen invasions was, that both in North Britain and in South Britain, a single Christian kingdom rallied round itself all the forces which religion or national sympathy could gather to its aid, and having first secured its own independence, gradually drew into the circle of its allegiance the surrounding kingdoms. The consolidation of England--begun by Alfred, completed by his children and grand-children--was the great work of the tenth century here. A similar process took place in the same century in the North. Under the pressure of the i...

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