Book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1869. Excerpt: ... then account for the. universal prevalence of Episcopacy on the hypothesis of some original popular constitution becoming unpopularised. It must be remembered that the hierarchical or Episcopal principles of the second or third centuries are in one sense a modification of the hierarchical principles of the New Testament--a most necessary modification, but still a modification, for the government exercised by Apostles, so far as it is revealed to us in the New Testament, was in substance hierarchical. It was a government, no doubt, utterly without pomp or parade. It was a government entirely in the interests of the governed, and was altogether free from all self-aggrandizement in those who exercised it; but notwithstanding this it was absolute, and it was carried on by sacred persons not designated to their office by the popular voice, or removable by the popular will, and so was in the highest sense hierarchical. The government of the Churches after the Apostles' decease, by such men Churches ; let them unfold the roll of their Bishops, so coming down In succession from the beginning, that their first Bishop had for his ordainer and predecessor some one of the Apostles, or of Apostolic wen, so he were one that continued steadfast with the Apostles. For in this manner do the Apostolic Churches reckon their origin : as the Church of Smyrna recounteth that Polycarp was placed there by John ; as that of Rome doth that Clement was in like manner ordained by Peter. Just so can the rest also show those whom, being appointed by the Apostles to the Episcopate, they have as transmitters of the Apostolic seed."--Tertullian, De Praescrip. Haer. xxxii. page 465 of Oxford translation. Let the reader remember that Tertullian lived at Carthage, Irenasus in Gaul, Clement in Alexandria; so that we ha...
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