The idea that we might be robots is no longer the stuff of science fiction; decades of research in evolutionary biology and cognitive science have led many esteemed thinkers and scientists to the conclusion that, following the precepts of universal Darwinism, humans are merely the hosts for two replicators (genes and memes) that have no interest in us except as conduits for replication. Accepting and now forcefully responding to this disturbing idea that precludes the possibilities of morality or free will, among other things, Keith Stanovich here provides the tools for the "robot's rebellion," a program of cognitive reform necessary to advance human interests over the limited interest of the replicators. He shows how concepts of rational thinking from cognitive science interact with the logic of evolution to create opportunities for humans to structure their behavior to serve their own ends. These evaluative activities of the brain, he argues, fulfill the need that we have to ascribe significance to human life. Only by recognizing ourselves as robots, argues Stanovich, can we begin to construct a concept of self based on what is truly singular about humans: that they gain control of their lives in a way unique among life forms on Earth - through rational self-determination.
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Descrizione libro University Of Chicago Press, 2004. Condizione libro: New. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: Preface Acknowledgments Chapter 1. Staring into the Darwinian Abyss Why Jerry Falwell Is Right The Replicators and the Vehicles What Kind of Robot Is a Person? Whose Goals Are Served by Our Behavior? All Vehicles Overboard! Your Genes Care More about You than You Should Care about Them! Escaping the Clutches of the Genes The Pivotal Insight: Putting People First Chapter 2. A Brain at War with Itself Two Minds in One Brain The Autonomous Set of Systems (TASS): The Parts of Your Brain that Ignore You Characterizing the Analytic System: Avoiding the Homunculus Problem One Step at a Time: Figuring Out the Way the World Is with Language Hypothetical Thinking and Representational Complexity Processing without Awareness: There are Martians in Your Brain! When the Different Kinds of Minds Conflict: The Override Function of the Analytic System The Brain on a Long Leash and the Brain on a Short Leash Try It YourselfCan You Override TASS in the Famous Four-Card Selection Task and the Famous Linda Task? Don't Be Sphexish Putting the Vehicle First by Getting the Analytic System in the Driver's Seat Chapter 3. The Robot's Secret Weapon Choosing Humans over Genes: How Instrumental Rationality and Evolutionary Adaptation Separate What It Means to Be Rational: Putting the Person (the Vehicle) First Fleshing Out Instrumental Rationality Evaluating Rationality: Are We Getting What We Want? Chapter 4. The Biases of the Autonomous Brain: Characteristics of the Short-Leash Mind that Sometimes Cause Us Grief The Dangers of Positive Thinking: TASS Can't "Think of the Opposite" Now You Choose ItNow You Don't: Framing Effects Undermine the Notion of Human Rationality Can Evolutionary Psychology Rescue the Ideal of Human Rationality? The Fundamental Computational Biases of the Autonomous Brain The Evolutionary Adaptiveness of the Fundamental Computational Biases Evolutionary Reinterpretations of Responses on Heuristics and Biases Tasks The Fundamental Computational Biases and the Demands for Decontextualization in Modern Society The TASS Traps of the Modern World Chapter 5. How Evolutionary Psychology Goes Wrong Modern Society as a Sodium Vapor Lamp Throwing Out the Vehicle with the Bathwater What Follows from the Fact that Mother Nature Isn't Nice Chapter 6. Dysrationalia: Why So Many Smart People Do So Many Dumb Things Cognitive Capacities, Thinking Dispositions, and Levels of Analysis TASS Override and Levels of Processing The Great Rationality Debate: The Panglossian, Apologist, and Meliorist Positions Contrasted Dysrationalia: Dissolving the "Smart But Acting Dumb" Paradox Would You Rather Get What You Want Slowly or Get What You Don't Want Much Faster? Jack and His Jewish Problem The Panglossian's Lament: "If Human Cognition Is So Flawed, How Come We Got to the Moon?" Chapter 7. From the Clutches of the Genes into the Clutches of the Memes Attack of the Memes: The Second Replicator Rationality, Science, and Meme Evaluation Reflectively Acquired Memes: The Neurathian Project of Meme Evaluation Personal Autonomy and Reflectively Acquired Memes Which Memes Are Good for Us? Why Memes Can Be Especially Nasty (Nastier Than Genes Even!) The Ultimate Meme Trick: Why Your Memes Want You to Hate the Idea of Memes Memetic Concepts as Tools of Self-Examination Building Memeplex Self on a Level Playing Field: Memetics as an Epistemic Equalizer Evolutionary Psychology Rejects the Notion of Free-Floating Memes The Co-Adapted Meme Paradox Chapter 8. A Soul without Mystery: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin Macromolecules and Mystery Juice: Looking for Meaning in All the Wrong Places Is Human Rationality Just an Extension of Chimpanzee Rationality? Context and Values in Human Judgment There's More to Life than Money&am. Codice libro della libreria ABE_book_new_0226770893
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Descrizione libro University Of Chicago Press, 2004. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. 1. Codice libro della libreria DADAX0226770893