Jeffrey J. Niehaus God at Sinai

ISBN 13: 9780310494713

God at Sinai

 
9780310494713: God at Sinai

The basis of all biblical study is that God has revealed himself, not only through the Word, but in various ways in various times and places. These self-disclosures are called theophanies. The pivotal theophany in Old Testament times was God's revelation to Moses on Mount Sinai. So significant is this theophany in terms of God's covenant with his people and his progressive revelation that author Jeffrey J. Niehaus justifiably employs the term "Sinai theology" to convey his theme. This book explores the meaning of this theophany throughout the Old Testament -- pre-Sinai, post-Sinai (especially the prophets), and the Psalms -- and its significance for the New Testament. It also examines parallels in ancient Near Eastern traditions.

Le informazioni nella sezione "Riassunto" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

About the Author:

Jeffrey J. Niehaus (Ph.D., Harvard) is professor of Old Testament at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary.

Excerpt. İ Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.:

Theology and Theophany Fanatics have their dreams, wherewith they weave A paradise for a sect; the savage, too, From forth the loftiest fashion of his sleep Guesses at heaven. John Keats, 'Hyperion: A Vision,' 1.1-4 The God of the Old Testament is a God who reveals himself. He is also a God who conceals himself. He reveals himself to those who are being saved. He conceals himself from those who are perishing.1 In any case, he was not a God about whom Israel needed to guess. What Israel knew of God, it knew through his own self-disclosure. A word commonly used for that self-disclosure is theophany, from the Greek compound qeofaċneia, consisting of the noun qeoċß ('god') and the verb faiċnein('to appear'). The Greek original was used to describe a festival at Delphi at which the images of the gods were shown to the people.2 The Hebrew lacks a precise translational equivalent, the closest being the verb har ('to see'), in the Niphal, harn ('to appear').3 As God of all creation, the God of the Old Testament could appear whenever and wherever he chose. According to the book of Exodus, he appeared on Mount Sinai to Moses in order to charge him as prophet and leader of the people. He also appeared to his people on that same mountain after he had brought them out of Egypt. In all of Israel's history, God's self-disclosure on Sinai was unique. Even if Yahweh also revealed himself on Zion (that other Old Testament mountain of which a singular theology may be predicated), it was at Sinai that he called Israel into covenant and founded this people as a theocratic state. So it is appropriate to speak of a 'Sinai theology.' Yet again, just because God did reveal himself when and where he would, the theophany on Sinai does not stand exactly alone. God uniquely gave the law to Moses on Mount Sinai. But God did not uniquely appear there. He appeared in similar ways both before the events of Sinai and after. A small sample of passages makes this clear. God appeared to Adam and Eve in the garden after they had sinned: 'Then the man and his wife heard the thunder of Yahweh God going back and forth in the garden in the wind of the storm, and they hid from Yahweh God among the trees of the garden' (Ge 3:8, author's trans.). Such was the first Sinai-like theophany-the first storm theophany when God appeared as Judge of his guilty people.4 God also appeared at the dedication of Solomon's temple in a way that inevitably would remind people of his appearance on Sinai: 'When the priests withdrew from the Holy Place, the cloud filled the temple of Yahweh. And the priests could not perform their service because of the cloud, for the glory of Yahweh filled his temple. Then Solomon said, 'Yahweh has said that he would dwell in a dark cloud'' (1Ki 8:10-12).5 God appeared also to Ezekiel by the Kebar River-no less awesome (and perhaps more) than at Sinai: 'I looked, and I saw a windstorm coming out of the north-an immense cloud with flashing lightning and surrounded by brilliant light. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of Yahweh. When I saw it, I fell facedown, and I heard a voice like thunder' (Eze 1:4-28, author's trans.).6 Old Testament writers separate in time and space portrayed the appearance of Yahweh in remarkably similar ways. As God, he could appear as he wanted and when he wanted. Sometimes he appeared as a man.7 Sometimes he appeared as or in the person of 'the angel of Yahweh'8 or 'the angel of God.'9 But more than once he chose to appear in glory-as in the above passages. Because God appeared in glory on several occasions and at more places than Sinai, it is appropriate to see the Sinai theophany (or, more properly, Sinai theophanies) in the broader context of those other appearances of God.10 As we do so, a number of characteristics appear. Some of these characteristics are unique to Sinai-like theophanies. Some of them overlap with other theophanies. Characteristics of Old Testament Theophanies Divine Initiation One characteristic common to all Yahweh theophanies is that they are divinely initiated. As J. Kenneth Kuntz remarks, 'The theophany in the Old Testament is initiated by, and only by, the deity himself.'11 This point is made in contradistinction to other religious practices in the ancient Near East that often involved strenuous efforts to evoke the desired deity. The futile efforts of 450 prophets to force a manifestation of Baal on Mount Carmel (1Ki 18:16-29) is a good example.12 Yahweh often 'appeared' (har, Niph.) in the Old Testament, but never once did human effort 'cause [him] to appear' (har, Hiph.)13 Temporariness A Yahweh theophany is a temporary event. Yahweh may appear when and where he will, but he is not always apparent at one sole place. H. Wheeler Robinson has noted, 'The theophany is a transient manifestation of deity, and, as such, to be distinguished from the continuous revelation of Him in all Nature.'14 This fact does not contradict God's omnipresence, which is clearly asserted elsewhere: 'Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence?' (Ps 139:7; cf. vv. 8-10). Nor does it absolutely differentiate between Yahweh and false gods, for pagan gods were also portrayed theophanically. They also were held to be revealed in natural phenomena-Baal in the storm, Yam in the sea, and Shamash in the sun, for example. Yahweh theophanies, then, like pagan theophanies, are temporary. God appears for a purpose, accomplishes that purpose, then disappears. The Old Testament does image forth a time beyond time when Yahweh's theophany will be continuous: The sun will no more be your light by day, nor will the brightness of the moon shine on you, for Yahweh will be your everlasting light,and your God will be your glory. (Isa 60:19) Such a presence of God is visionary and eschatological. Nowhere in the Old Testament does God actually appear in such a way. Indeed (for reasons to be discussed below) he cannot.

Le informazioni nella sezione "Su questo libro" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

I migliori risultati di ricerca su AbeBooks

1.

Jeffrey J. Niehaus
ISBN 10: 0310494710 ISBN 13: 9780310494713
Nuovi Quantità: > 20
Da
BWB
(Valley Stream, NY, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Condizione libro: New. Depending on your location, this item may ship from the US or UK. Codice libro della libreria 97803104947130000000

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 11,95
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

2.

Jeffrey J. Niehaus
Editore: ZONDERVAN, United States (1995)
ISBN 10: 0310494710 ISBN 13: 9780310494713
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 1
Da
The Book Depository US
(London, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro ZONDERVAN, United States, 1995. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. The basis of all biblical study is that God has revealed himself, not only through the Word, but in various ways in various times and places. These self-disclosures are called theophanies. The pivotal theophany in Old Testament times was God s revelation to Moses on Mount Sinai. So significant is this theophany in terms of God s covenant with his people and his progressive revelation that author Jeffrey J. Niehaus justifiably employs the term Sinai theology to convey his theme. This book explores the meaning of this theophany throughout the Old Testament -- pre-Sinai, post-Sinai (especially the prophets), and the Psalms -- and its significance for the New Testament. It also examines parallels in ancient Near Eastern traditions. Codice libro della libreria AAZ9780310494713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 13,57
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

3.

Jeffrey J. Niehaus
Editore: ZONDERVAN, United States (1995)
ISBN 10: 0310494710 ISBN 13: 9780310494713
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 1
Da
The Book Depository
(London, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro ZONDERVAN, United States, 1995. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. The basis of all biblical study is that God has revealed himself, not only through the Word, but in various ways in various times and places. These self-disclosures are called theophanies. The pivotal theophany in Old Testament times was God s revelation to Moses on Mount Sinai. So significant is this theophany in terms of God s covenant with his people and his progressive revelation that author Jeffrey J. Niehaus justifiably employs the term Sinai theology to convey his theme. This book explores the meaning of this theophany throughout the Old Testament -- pre-Sinai, post-Sinai (especially the prophets), and the Psalms -- and its significance for the New Testament. It also examines parallels in ancient Near Eastern traditions. Codice libro della libreria AAZ9780310494713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 13,66
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

4.

Niehaus, Jeffrey J.
Editore: Zondervan (1995)
ISBN 10: 0310494710 ISBN 13: 9780310494713
Nuovi Brossura Quantità: 2
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Zondervan, 1995. Condizione libro: New. Series: Studies in Old Testament Biblical Theology. Num Pages: 432 pages. BIC Classification: HRCG. Category: (U) Tertiary Education (US: College). Dimension: 231 x 152 x 27. Weight in Grams: 597. . 1995. Paperback. . . . . . Codice libro della libreria V9780310494713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 15,18
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
Da: Irlanda a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

5.

Niehaus, Jeffrey J.
Editore: Zondervan
ISBN 10: 0310494710 ISBN 13: 9780310494713
Nuovi Brossura Quantità: 2
Da
Kennys Bookstore
(Olney, MD, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Zondervan. Condizione libro: New. Series: Studies in Old Testament Biblical Theology. Num Pages: 432 pages. BIC Classification: HRCG. Category: (U) Tertiary Education (US: College). Dimension: 231 x 152 x 27. Weight in Grams: 597. . 1995. Paperback. . . . . Books ship from the US and Ireland. Codice libro della libreria V9780310494713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 15,64
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

6.

Jeffrey Jay Niehaus
Editore: Zondervan 1995-09-01, Grand Rapids, Mich. (1995)
ISBN 10: 0310494710 ISBN 13: 9780310494713
Nuovi paperback Quantità: 1
Da
Blackwell's
(Oxford, OX, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Zondervan 1995-09-01, Grand Rapids, Mich., 1995. paperback. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria 9780310494713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 12,66
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 3,35
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

7.

Jeffrey J. Niehaus
Editore: Studies in Old Testament Biblical Theology (1995)
ISBN 10: 0310494710 ISBN 13: 9780310494713
Nuovi Brossura Quantità: 1
Da
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Studies in Old Testament Biblical Theology, 1995. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria GH9780310494713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 12,62
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 3,99
Da: Germania a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

8.

Jeffrey J. Niehaus
Editore: Zondervan (1995)
ISBN 10: 0310494710 ISBN 13: 9780310494713
Nuovi Quantità: 2
Da
Books2Anywhere
(Fairford, GLOS, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Zondervan, 1995. PAP. Condizione libro: New. New Book. Shipped from UK in 4 to 14 days. Established seller since 2000. Codice libro della libreria GB-9780310494713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 8,88
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 10,07
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

9.

Jeffrey J. Niehaus
ISBN 10: 0310494710 ISBN 13: 9780310494713
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 2
Da
Ria Christie Collections
(Uxbridge, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Not Signed; The basis of all biblical study is that God has revealed himself, not only through the Word, but in various ways in various times and places. These self-disclosures are called theophanies. The pivotal theophany in Old Testament times was God's revelation to Moses on Mount Sinai. So significant is th. book. Codice libro della libreria ria9780310494713_rkm

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 14,94
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 4,33
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

10.

Niehaus, Jeffrey J.
Editore: Zondervan
ISBN 10: 0310494710 ISBN 13: 9780310494713
Nuovi Quantità: 1
Da
Ohmsoft LLC
(Lake Forest, IL, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Zondervan. Condizione libro: Brand New. Ships from USA. FREE domestic shipping. Codice libro della libreria 0310494710

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 20,56
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

Vedi altre copie di questo libro

Vedi tutti i risultati per questo libro