Transformational Grammar (TG) is a theory of grammar developed by this century's most famous linguist, Noam Chomsky, in the 1950's. TG is based on the concept of a universal grammar (UG) which is the set of rules for language that all humans possess thanks to the common genetic features which distinguish them from other organisms and make them ""human."" The idea behind UG is that our capacity for learning languages and the rules that accompany language are ""innate"" rather than learned. Phrase Structure Grammar is a particular type of generative grammar (of which TG is another type). The Minimalist Program is a further development of Chomsky's original TG theory, in which he has tried to replace the extremely complex rules relating to highly developed forms of TG with just a few simple and general principles of sentence structure.
The first edition of this book rapidly established itself as one of the clearest and most readable introductions to generative grammar. Together with a complete introduction to the principles of universal grammar, it traced the major shifts of perspective which have influenced the development of the theory over the last forty years.
This revised and expanded edition introduces students with no previous training in syntax to transformational grammar. It is also suitable for intermediate and advanced students of syntax. The text covers the framework known as principles and parameters, and the more recent framework known as minimalism. With a wide range of new, additional exercises, the book is ideal for students approaching generative linguistics for the first time.
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... the progression of the book is well-paced and its organisation extremely straightforward, allowing the reader to clearly follow the evolution of some basic theoretical concepts...gives the reader a broader knowledge of syntactic theory...quite suitable for introductory classes...as well as for self study...includes beautiful examples...particularly recommended for SLA researchers.
Second Language Research
Language and linguistics theory
Part I Phrase structure, lexicon and transformations
Transformations I: phrasal categories
Transformations II: terminal categories
Part II Principles and parameters
Binding theory and control
Part III Language Variation
Head-complement order, bounding nodes, and wh-in-situ
Null subjects and objects
Verb second, VSO and NSO
Clitics and Cliticisation
I-lowering versus V-raising
Part IV Minimalism
The Minimalist Programme
Copy theory of movement and binding
Checking Theory and language variation
Base phrase structure and antisymmetry.
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Descrizione libro Routledge, 1999. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. book. Codice libro della libreria 0340740361