Seismic measurements take many forms, and appear to have a universal role in the Earth Sciences. They are the means for most easily and economically interpreting what lies beneath the visible surface. There are huge economic rewards and losses to be made when interpreting the shallow crust or subsurface more, or less accurately, as the case may be.
This book describes seismic behaviour at many scales and from numerous fields in geophysics, tectonophysics and rock physics, and from civil, mining and petroleum engineering. Addressing key items for improved understanding of seismic behaviour, it often interprets seismic measurements in rock mechanics terms, with particular attention to the cause of attenuation, its inverse seismic quality, and the anisotropy of fracture compliances and stiffnesses.
Reviewed behaviour stretches over ten orders of magnitude, from micro-crack compliance in laboratory tests to cross-continent attenuation. Between these extremes lie seismic investigation of rock joints, boreholes, block tests, dam and bridge foundations, quarry blasting, canal excavations, hydropower and transportation tunnels, machine bored TBM tunnels, sub-sea sediment and mid-ocean ridge measurements, where the emphasis is on velocity-depth-age models. Attenuation of earthquake coda-waves is also treated, including in-well measurements.
In the later chapters, there is a general emphasis on deeper, higher stress, larger scale applications of seismic, such as shear-wave splitting for interpreting the attenuation, anisotropy and orientation of permeable 'open' fracture sets in petroleum reservoirs, and the 4D seismic effects of water-flood, oil production and compaction. The dispersive or frequency dependence of most seismic measurements and their dependence on fracture dimensions and fracture density is emphasized. The possibility that shear displacement may be required to explain permeability at depth is quantified.
This book is cross-disciplinary, non-mathematical and phenomenological in nature, containing a wealth of figures and a wide review of the literature from many fields in the Earth Sciences. Including a chapter of conclusions and an extensive subject index, it is a unique reference work for professionals, researchers, university teachers and students working in the fields of geophysics, civil, mining and petroleum engineering. It will be particularly relevant to geophysicists, engineering geologists and geologists who are engaged in the interpretation of seismic measurements in rock and petroleum engineering.
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"This important, wide-ranging compendium of rock physics research is intended to bridge the information gap that exists between rock mechanics engineers involved with projects in civil, mining and petroleum engineering and geophysicists working in areas such as petroleum reservoir and earthquake studies. [...] In the study, largely non-mathematical in nature, the author assembles and refers to a large body of literature concerned with experimental and theoretical studies in which both rock mechanics and geophysics at all scales are involved. [...] [A] most important contribution from which both rock mechanics engineers and geophysicists will benefit immensely." Michael King, Imperial College London, UK
"Let me first start my review by congratulating Barton for making such a cross-disciplinary effort in this book . . . Barton presents an excellent example of what could be accomplished with such collaboration by providing readers a wide perspective of the applications from both geophysics and geomechanics . . . I found the book particularly enjoyable to read since I am a strong advocate of the cross-discipline fertilization of geophysics and geomechanics. I would recommend it as a reference book to both geophysicists and even more to rock mechanics specialists because of the unique multidisciplinary coverage and immense references."
– Azra N. Tutuncu, in The Leading Edge, April 2009, Vol. 28 No. 4About the Author:
Nick Barton has over 40 years of international experience in rock engineering, and has been involved in numerous important and iconic tunnel, cavern and rock slope projects. He has developed many tools and methods, such as the widely used Q-system, for rock classification and support selection and the Barton-Bandis constitutive laws for rock joint computer modeling. He currently teaches at the University of São Paulo and manages an international consultancy (Nick Barton & Associates, São Paulo – Oslo).
Dr. Nick Barton was the 2011 recipient of the distinguished Müller Award, an award that honours the memory of Professor Leopold Müller, the founder of the ISRM (International Society of Rock Mechanics), and awarded in recognition of distinguished contributions to the profession of rock mechanics and rock engineering.
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Descrizione libro Taylor & Francis, 2016. Hardback. Condizione libro: NEW. 9780415394413 This listing is a new book, a title currently in-print which we order directly and immediately from the publisher. Print on Demand title, produced to the highest standard, and there would be a delay in dispatch of around 15 working days. Codice libro della libreria HTANDREE0202028
Descrizione libro Taylor and Francis, 2006. HRD. Condizione libro: New. New Book. Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. Established seller since 2000. Codice libro della libreria VT-9780415394413
Descrizione libro CRC Press, 2006. Condizione libro: New. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: Preface; Introduction; The multi-disciplinary scope of seismic and rock quality; Revealing hidden rock conditions; Some basic principles of P, S and Q; Q and Q XVII Limitations of refraction seismic bring tomographic solutions; PART I: 1. Shallow seismic refraction, some basic theory, and the importance of rock type; 2. Environmental effects on velocity; 3. Effects of anisotropy on Vp; 4. Cross-hole velocity and cross-hole velocity tomography; 5. Relationships between rock quality, depth and seismic velocity; 6. Deformation moduli and seismic velocities; 7. Excavation disturbed zones and their seismic properties; 8. Seismic measurements for tunnelling; 9. Relationships between Vp, Lugeon value, permeability and grouting in jointed rock; PART II: 10. Seismic quality Q and attenuation at many scales; 11. Velocity structure of the earth's crust; 12. Rock stress, pore pressure, borehole stability and sonic logging; 13. Rock physics at laboratory sca 14. P-waves for characterising fractured reservoirs; 15. Shear wave splitting in fractured reservoirs and resulting from earthquakes; 16. Joint stiffness and compliance and the joint shearing mechanism; 17. Conclusions; Appendix A: The Qrock parameter ratings; References; Keyword Index. Codice libro della libreria ABE_book_new_0415394414
Descrizione libro Taylor & Francis, 2006. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. 1. Codice libro della libreria DADAX0415394414
Descrizione libro CRC Press, 2006. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. book. Codice libro della libreria 0415394414
Descrizione libro CRC Press, 2006. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria P110415394414