These proceedings represent the most recent scientific results that demonstrate many of the direct effects of the soma-psyche interplay in all fields of medicine: pediatrics, psychiatry, internal medicine, gastroenterology, obstetrics and gynecology, orthopedics, cardiology.
Modern psychosomatic medicine has expanded rapidly and today it involves a broad spectrum of scientific disciplines. The ground-breaking conclusions of neuroscience, physics, molecular biology, genetics and medical technology have proven many of the hypotheses and notions put forward by representatives of psychosomatic medical community many years ago. The notion that all our feelings are experienced and psycho-neuro-endocrino-immunologically expressed in the body has been scientifically proven during the last decade. More so: all our physical functions have their psychological antecedent. Soma and psyche are two aspects of human life and there is a constant interplay between the two. This interplay is transmitted via biochemical signals which can thus be considered to be messengers between the different peripheral parts of the body and its central nervous system, the brain, which represents the superior and overall control unit. The environment in which man finds himself - psychosocial as well as physical - has a profound influence on his inner psychobiological reality. This inner reality in turn reflects the relationship between his psychic and physical processes. Furthermore, each individual influences his surroundings through actions that are preceded by his own thoughts and feelings.
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Psychosomatology: the medical paradigm of tomorrow (T. Sivik). Where in the world of psychosomatic medicine? (D.R. Lipsitt).
Psychosomatic medicine and Psycho-Neuro-Endocrino-Immunology.
Psychoneuroimmunology of health and long survival with HIV/AIDS: questionnaires, semistructured interviews, and laboratory findings (G.F. Solomon et al.). Emotion regulation and metastatic breast cancer (J. Giese-Davis, D. Spiegel). Reduced emotional control as a mediator of decreasing distress among breast cancer patients in group therapy (D. Spiegel, J. Giese-Davis). Endocrine stress responses in chronic fatigue syndrome (P.J. Gaab et al.). Psychosocial influences on arthritis-related disease activity (A.J. Zautra, B.W. Smith, D. Yocum). Association between psychosocial stress and psychosocial support in diabetic patients (S. Herpertz et al.). Dysregulations of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis in obstetrics and gynecology (U. Ehlert). Prenatal maternal stress HPA axis activity and postnatal infant development (A.C. Huizink et al.). Role of medullary TRH in brain-gut interaction-mediated gastric integrity (H. Kaneko, Y. Taché).
Cardiovascular disorders, the metabolic syndrome and Type A behavior.
Hypertension and the Metabolic Syndrome: closely related central orgin? (P. Björntorp). Psychosomatic pathways to essential hypertension: the combined effect of anger and family history of cardiovascular disorders on cardiovascular reactivity (C. Vögele). The role of emotional regulation in the development of hypertension (W. Gerin et al.). The Type A behavior pattern and coronary heart disease: a critical and personal look at the Type A behavior pattern at the turn of the century (G.A. Espnes). Socio-demographic markers on Type A behaviour (A.C. Mellam).
Gastro-intestinal disorders and psychosomatic medicine.
Psychodynamic-interpersonal therapy for functional bowel disorders (E. Guthrie). Cognitive therapy in functional dyspepsia (T.T. Haug). Cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome: predictors of treatment outcome (J.B. Prins et al.). Effectiveness of multidisciplinary team approach and prognosis of inpatients with eating disorders (N. Nagai et al.). Irritable bowel syndrome: newer pharmacological agents acting on the gut (M. Camilleri).
Occupational stress in psychosomatic medicine.
Occupational stress, occupational structure and occupational morbidity (D.G. Byrne). Psychosomatic perspective on job stress in a changing world - individual and structural perspectives (T. Theorell, A.M. Weingarten, H. Westerlund). Job strain effort-reward imbalance and coronary risk factors - complementary job stress models in risk estimation? (R. Peter et al.). Unemployment and health behaviour after leaving school: the influence of unemployment level (A. Hammarstrom, U. Janlert, A. H. Winefield).
Psychosomatic research across the lifespan.
Somatoform disorders in childhood and adolescence (N.H. Bouman). Early experiences affect adaptability and the propensity for psychosomatic problems (A. Papaioannou, F. Stylianopoulou). Personality and psychosocial predictors of lifes-an mortality risk (L.R. Martin). Joint pathology requires a joint venture (A. Vancoppenolle et al.). Ageing as a result of psycho-physiological interactions during life-span? A theoretical model (B. Hagberg, B. Nordbeck).
Psychosomatic medicine, C-L psychiatry and patient-doctor communication.
Consultation-liaison work in paediatric care (I. Engström). C-L psychiatry and psychosomatic medicine are separated disciplines? (M. Rigatelli, S. Ferrari). Conflict of interest and the credibility of clinical medicine - A psychosomatic antidote (G.A. Fava). Cultural issues in consultation-liaison psychiatry (J. Streltzer). Different perspectives of doctor and patient in communication (A.M. van Dulmen). On the importance of semiotic thinking for psychosomatic medicine (W. Langewitz).
Cultural aspects of psychosomatic medicine.
Psychosomatic medicine in Japan (H. Suematsu,Y. Ago). Culture and the aching heart (M.F. El-Islam). Traditional treatment of mental and psychosomatic disorders in Ethiopa (L. Jacobsson). Migration-related stress and psychosomatic consequences (R. Al-Baldawi). Comorbidity of the stress reaction and lung disease on the clinical material during and after the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (N. Mehic-Basara, B. Mehic). A cognitive/behavioral approach to type 1 diabetic females with recurrent binge eating: a 3-year follow-up study (M. Takii et al.). A significant nationwide increase in the prevalence of eating disorders in Japan: 1998-year survey: a brain model (D. Yasuhara et al.).
Psychosomatics and neuroscience.
Memory, adaptive orienting, and psychosomatics (M. Koukkou, D. Lehmann). Experience-dependent plasticity in the developing brain (I. Skaliora). Neurovisceral integration in emotion and health (J. F. Thayer, E. Ruiz-Padial). Prolonged autonomic activation, perseverative negative cognition, and daily stressors (J.F. Brosschot, E. van Dijk, J.F. Thayer).
Psychosomatic medicine: theory and research.
Conflict and Resolution - A historical perspective on the relationship between the neuroscience and psychoanalysis (I. Matthis). Addiction: a psychosomatic solution (J. McDougall). Adult attachment representation and computer-assisted language measures: what can we learn from the therapeutic cycle model for the adult attachment interview and vice verse? (A. Buchheim, E. Mergenthaler). Crying: is it beneficial for one's well being? (M.C.P. Hendriks, A.J.J.M. Vingerhoets). A plea for a psychic energy concept (C. Forsberg).
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