Greek Astronomy

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9780486266206: Greek Astronomy

Superb scholarly study documents extraordinary contributions of Pythagoras, Aristarchus, Hipparchus, Anaxagoras, many other thinkers in laying the foundations of scientific astronomy. Essential reading for scholars and students of astronomy and the history of science. Accessible to the science-minded layman. Introduction.

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L'autore:

Thomas Little Heath: Bringing the Past to Life Thomas Little Heath (1861–1940) was unusual for an authority on many esoteric, and many less esoteric, subjects in the history of mathematics in that he was never a university professor. The son of an English farmer from Lincolnshire, Heath demonstrated his academic gifts at a young age; studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, from 1879 to 1882; came away with numerous awards; and obtained the top grade in the 1884 English Civil Service examination. From that foundation, he went to work in the English Treasury, rose through the ranks, and by 1913, was permanent secretary to the Treasury, effectively the head of its operations. He left that post in 1919 at the end of the first World War, worked several years at the National Debt office, and retired in 1926. During all of that time, however, he became independently one of the world's leading authorities on the history of mathematics, especially on the history of ancient Greek mathematics. Heath's three-volume edition of Euclid is still the standard, it is generally accepted that it is primarily through Heath's great work on Archimedes that the accomplishments of Archimedes are known as well as they are. Dover has reprinted these and other books by Heath, preserving over several decades a unique legacy in the history of mathematical scholarship. In the Author's Own Words: "The works of Archimedes are without exception, monuments of mathematical exposition; the gradual revelation of the plan of attack, the masterly ordering of the propositions, the stern elimination of everything not immediately relevant to the purpose, the finish of the whole, are so impressive in their perfection as to create a feeling akin to awe in the mind of the reader." — Thomas L. Heath

Contenuti:

PREFATORY NOTE INTRODUCTION EPIGRAM by PTOLEMY DOXOGRAPHY: THALES ANAXIMANDER PYTHAGORAS ALCMAEON XENOPHANES HERACLITUS PARMENIDES EMPEDOCLES ANAXAGORAS THE PYTHAGOREANS LEUCIPPUS DEMOCRITUS PLATO: The study of astronomy The Heavenly Choir Anaxagoras and Mind The earth The Myth of Er The creation of the universe "Time: sun, moon, and planets" Form and movements of fixed stars The earth and the planets The stars animate beings: motion and names of planets EUDOXUS (AND CALLIPPUS): System of concentric spheres Callippus' additions to the system Aristotle's modification Simplicius on ARISTOTLE: Motion and the prime movent "The stars and the heaven: shape, motions, distances, and speeds: supposed "harmony" "The earth: its position, shape, rest or motion: historical sketch" Spherical shape of the earth HERACLIDES OF PONTUS: Rotation of the earth on its axis Motion of Mercury and Venus round the sun EUCLID: Preface to Phaenomena ARISTARCHUS OF SAMOS: On the sizes and distances of the sun and moon The heliocentric system: Copernicus anticipated ERATOSTHENES: Measurement of the earth ARATUS: "Phaenomena, ll. 1-73, 91-136" Comments of HIPPARCHUS POSIDONIUS: Measurement of the earth GEMINUS: On physics and astronomy "The zodiac: motions therein of sun, moon, and planets" On day and night "Months, years, and cycles" "Cycles of Meton, Callippus, and Hipparchus" HIPPARCHUS: Hipparchus' cycle Discovery of precession of the equinoxes PTOLEMY: The earth does not change its position in any way whatever Arguments against the earth's rotation STRABO: On the zones "TREATISE "DE MUNDO":" "De Mundo (from Aristotelian corpus), cc. 5-6" CLEOMEDES: "On a "paradoxical" eclipse of the moon" PLUTARCH: On the face in the moon?De facie in orbe lunae: extracts APPENDIX: The Constellations of the Northern Hemisphere INDEX

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Descrizione libro Dover Publications Inc., United States, 2011. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. New edition. 208 x 145 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Astronomy as a science began with the Ionian philosophers, with whom Greek philosophy and mathematics also began. While the Egyptians and Babylonians had accomplished much of astronomical worth, it remained for the unrivalled speculative genius of the Greeks, in particular, their mathematical genius, to lay the foundations of the true science of astronomy. In this classic study, a noted scholar discusses in lucid detail the specific advances made by the Greeks, many of whose ideas anticipated the discoveries of modern astronomy. Pythagoras, born at Samos about 572 B.C., was probably the first to hold that the earth is spherical in shape, while his later followers anticipated Copernicus with the then-startling hypothesis that the earth was not the center of the universe but a planet like the others. Heraclides of Pontus (c. 388 315 B.C.), a pupil of Plato, declared that the apparent daily rotation of the heavenly bodies is due, not to a rotation of the heavenly sphere about an axis through the center of the earth, but to the rotation of the earth itself around its own axis. Secondly, Heraclides discovered that Venus and Mercury revolve around the sun like satellites. Perhaps the greatest astronomer of antiquity was Hipparchus, who flourished between 161 and 126 B.C. He compiled a catalog of fixed stars to the number 850 or more, made great improvements in the instruments used for astronomical observations, and discovered the precession of the equinoxes, among other accomplishments. The astronomy of Hipparchus takes its definitive form in the Syntaxis (commonly called the Almagest ) of Ptolemy, written about A.D. 150, which held the field until the time of Copernicus. The extraordinary achievements of these and many more Greek theorists are given full coverage in this erudite account, which blends exceptional clarity with a readable style to produce a work that is not only indispensable for astronomers and historians of science but easily accessible to science-minded laymen. Codice libro della libreria AAC9780486266206

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Sir Thomas L. Heath
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Descrizione libro Dover Publications Inc., United States, 2011. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. New edition. 208 x 145 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Astronomy as a science began with the Ionian philosophers, with whom Greek philosophy and mathematics also began. While the Egyptians and Babylonians had accomplished much of astronomical worth, it remained for the unrivalled speculative genius of the Greeks, in particular, their mathematical genius, to lay the foundations of the true science of astronomy. In this classic study, a noted scholar discusses in lucid detail the specific advances made by the Greeks, many of whose ideas anticipated the discoveries of modern astronomy. Pythagoras, born at Samos about 572 B.C., was probably the first to hold that the earth is spherical in shape, while his later followers anticipated Copernicus with the then-startling hypothesis that the earth was not the center of the universe but a planet like the others. Heraclides of Pontus (c. 388 315 B.C.), a pupil of Plato, declared that the apparent daily rotation of the heavenly bodies is due, not to a rotation of the heavenly sphere about an axis through the center of the earth, but to the rotation of the earth itself around its own axis. Secondly, Heraclides discovered that Venus and Mercury revolve around the sun like satellites. Perhaps the greatest astronomer of antiquity was Hipparchus, who flourished between 161 and 126 B.C. He compiled a catalog of fixed stars to the number 850 or more, made great improvements in the instruments used for astronomical observations, and discovered the precession of the equinoxes, among other accomplishments. The astronomy of Hipparchus takes its definitive form in the Syntaxis (commonly called the Almagest ) of Ptolemy, written about A.D. 150, which held the field until the time of Copernicus. The extraordinary achievements of these and many more Greek theorists are given full coverage in this erudite account, which blends exceptional clarity with a readable style to produce a work that is not only indispensable for astronomers and historians of science but easily accessible to science-minded laymen. Codice libro della libreria AAC9780486266206

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Descrizione libro Paperback. Condizione libro: New. 137mm x 215mm x 12mm. Paperback. Superb scholarly study documents extraordinary contributions of Pythagoras, Aristarchus, Hipparchus, Anaxagoras, many other thinkers in laying the foundations of scientific astronomy. Esse.Shipping may be from multiple locations in the US or from the UK, depending on stock availability. 256 pages. 0.267. Codice libro della libreria 9780486266206

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Descrizione libro Dover Publications, 1991. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria INGM9780486266206

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