From X-Rays to Quarks: Modern Physicists and Their Discoveries

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9780486457833: From X-Rays to Quarks: Modern Physicists and Their Discoveries

A Nobel Laureate offers impressions and recollections of the development of modern physics. Rather than a chronological approach, Segrè emphasizes interesting, complex personalities who often appear only in footnotes. Readers will find that this book adds considerably to their understanding of science and includes compelling topics of current interest. 1980 edition.

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L'autore:

Emilio G. Segrè: The History of Physics Emilio Segrè (1905–1989) became, in 1928, the first student to earn a doctorate in physics at The University of Rome under Enrico Fermi. A decade later, restrictive fascist laws against Jews in academic positions in Italy turned Segrè into an academic refugee — he settled in Berkeley where, in 1955, with colleague Owen Chamberlain, he proved the existence of the antiproton, a negatively charged proton that destroys itself as well as the matter it strikes. In 1959, Segrè and Chamberlain shared the Nobel Prize for Physics for their work on antiproton. From 1943 to 1946, Segrè worked as a group leader on the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos. In his 1970 book about Fermi, Segrè recalled a crucial atomic test in the New Mexico desert: "In a fraction of a second, at our distance, one received enough light to produce a sunburn. I was near Fermi at the time of the explosion, but I do not remember what we said, if anything. I believed that for a moment I thought the explosion might set fire to the atmosphere and thus finish the earth, even though I knew that this was not possible." It always seems an opportunity that should not be missed when a major participant in the world of science takes the time and makes the effort to write about his field for a general audience. At Dover we were very pleased to acquire from Emilio Segrè's heirs the rights to publish his outstanding two-volume history of physics written for the general reader and historian of science: From Falling Bodies to Radio Waves: Classical Physicists and Their Discoveries and From X-Rays to Quarks: Modern Physicists and Their Discoveries, both reprinted by Dover in 2007.

Contenuti:

Preface 1. Introduction 2. H. Becquerel, the Curies, and the Discovery of Radioactivity 3. Rutherford in the New World: The Transmutation of Elements 4. Planck, Unwilling Revolutionary: The Idea of Quantization 5. Einstein--New Ways of Thinking: Space, Time, Relativity, and Quanta 6. Sir Ernest and Lord Rutherford of Nelson 7. Bohr and Atomic Models 8. A True Quantum Mechanics at Last 9. The Wonder Year 1932: Neutron, Positron, Deuterium, and Other Discoveries 10. Enrico Fermi and Nuclear Energy 11. E. O. Lawrence and Particle Accelerators 12. Beyond the Nucleus 13. New Branches from the Old Stump Conclusions Appendix 1. Stefan's law. Wien's law. Appendix 2. Planck's hunt for the blackbody radiation formula Appendix 3. Einstein's heuristic argument for postulating the existence of light quanta Appendix 4. Brownian motion Appendix 5. Blackbody energy fluctuations according to Einstein Appendix 6. Specific heat of solids according to Einstein Appendix 7. A and B of Einstein Appendix 8. J. J. Thomson's parabola method for finding elm of ions Appendix 9. Bohr's hydrogen atom Appendix 10. Quantum mechanics in a nutshell Bibliography Name Index Subject Index

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Descrizione libro Dover Publications Inc., United States, 2007. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. 234 x 152 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. A leading figure in twentieth-century physics offers impressions and recollections of the field s development. Nobel Laureate Emilio Segre (1905 89) knew and worked with many of modern physics preeminent scientists. In this simple but elegant history, he offers compelling views not only of the milestones of scientific discovery but also the personalities involved their attitudes and politics as well as their trials and triumphs. Highlights include a profile of Albert Einstein, from his unconventional youth to his role as science s elder statesman; the wonder year of 1932, which witnessed the discoveries of the neutron, positron, and deuterium; and the first steps in building particle accelerators. A student and colleague of Enrico Fermi, Segre made numerous important contributions to nuclear physics, including participation in the Manhattan Project. Segre is further renowned for his narrative skills as a historian. This book is a companion to the author s From Falling Bodies to Radio Waves: Classical Physicists and Their Discoveries, also available from Dover Publications. Codice libro della libreria AAC9780486457833

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Descrizione libro Dover Publications Inc., United States, 2007. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. 234 x 152 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. A leading figure in twentieth-century physics offers impressions and recollections of the field s development. Nobel Laureate Emilio Segre (1905 89) knew and worked with many of modern physics preeminent scientists. In this simple but elegant history, he offers compelling views not only of the milestones of scientific discovery but also the personalities involved their attitudes and politics as well as their trials and triumphs. Highlights include a profile of Albert Einstein, from his unconventional youth to his role as science s elder statesman; the wonder year of 1932, which witnessed the discoveries of the neutron, positron, and deuterium; and the first steps in building particle accelerators. A student and colleague of Enrico Fermi, Segre made numerous important contributions to nuclear physics, including participation in the Manhattan Project. Segre is further renowned for his narrative skills as a historian. This book is a companion to the author s From Falling Bodies to Radio Waves: Classical Physicists and Their Discoveries, also available from Dover Publications. Codice libro della libreria AAC9780486457833

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Descrizione libro Dover Publications. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Paperback. 352 pages. Dimensions: 9.2in. x 6.0in. x 0.9in.A leading figure in twentieth-century physics offers impressions and recollections of the fields development. Nobel Laureate Emilio Segr (190589) knew and worked with many of modern physics preeminent scientists. In this simple but elegant history, he offers compelling views not only of the milestones of scientific discovery but also the personalities involvedtheir attitudes and politics as well as their trials and triumphs. Highlights include a profile of Albert Einstein, from his unconventional youth to his role as sciences elder statesman; the wonder year of 1932, which witnessed the discoveries of the neutron, positron, and deuterium; and the first steps in building particle accelerators. A student and colleague of Enrico Fermi, Segr made numerous important contributions to nuclear physics, including participation in the Manhattan Project. Segr is further renowned for his narrative skills as a historian. This book is a companion to the authors From Falling Bodies to Radio Waves: Classical Physicists and Their Discoveries, also available from Dover Publications. This item ships from multiple locations. Your book may arrive from Roseburg,OR, La Vergne,TN. Paperback. Codice libro della libreria 9780486457833

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