Zumdahl, Steven S. Chemical Principles

ISBN 13: 9780538734561

Chemical Principles

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9780538734561: Chemical Principles

Known for helping students develop the qualitative, conceptual foundation that gets them thinking like chemists, this market-leading text is designed for students with solid mathematical preparation and prior exposure to chemistry. The unique organization of the text supports this qualitative-to-quantitative approach. A strong emphasis on models and everyday applications of chemistry combines with a thoughtful, step-by-step problem solving approach to build conceptual understanding.

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Da: Germania a: U.S.A.

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Zumdahl, Steven S.
Editore: Cengage Learning Emea (2009)
ISBN 10: 0538734566 ISBN 13: 9780538734561
Nuovi Taschenbuch Quantità: 1
(Köln, NRW, Germania)
Valutazione libreria

Descrizione libro Cengage Learning Emea, 2009. Taschenbuch. Condizione libro: Neu. Neu Schnelle Lieferung, Kartonverpackung. Abzugsfähige Rechnung. Bei Mehrfachbestellung werden die Versandkosten anteilig erstattet. - From the contents: Note: Each chapter concludes with Exercises. 1. CHEMISTS AND CHEMISTRY. Thinking Like a Chemist. A Real-World Chemistry Problem. The Scientific Method. Industrial Chemistry. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC): Real-World Chemistry. 2. ATOMS, MOLECULES, AND IONS. The Early History of Chemistry. Fundamental Chemical Laws. Dalton s Atomic Theory. Cannizzaro s Interpretation. Early Experiments to Characterize the Atom. The Modern View of Atomic Structure: An Introduction. Molecules and Ions. An Introduction to the Periodic Table. Naming Simple Compounds. 3. STOICHIOMETRY. Atomic Masses. The Mole. Molar Mass. Percent Composition of Compounds. Determining the Formula of a Compound. Chemical Equations. Balancing Chemical Equations. Stoichiometric Calculations: Amounts of Reactants and Products. Calculations Involving a Limiting Reactant. 4. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY. Water, the Common Solvent. The Nature of Aqueous Solutions: Strong and Weak Electrolytes. The Composition of Solutions. Types of Chemical Reactions. Precipitation Reactions. Describing Reactions in Solution. Selective Precipitation. Stoichiometry of Precipitation Reactions. Acid-Base Reactions. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions. Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Equations. Simple Oxidation-Reduction Titrations.5. GASES. Early Experiments. The Gas Laws of Boyle, Charles, and Avogadro. The Ideal Gas Law. Gas Stoichiometry. Dalton s Law of Partial Pressures. The Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases. Effusion and Diffusion. Collisions of Gas Particles with the Container Walls. Intermolecular Collisions. Real Gases. Characteristics of Several Real Gases. Chemistry in the Atmosphere. 6. CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM. The Equilibrium Condition. The Equilibrium Constant. Equilibrium Expressions Involving Pressures. The Concept of Activity. Heterogeneous Equilibria. Applications of the Equilibrium Constant. Solving Equilibrium Problems. Le Châtelier s Principle. Equilibria Involving Real Gases. 7. ACIDS AND BASES. The Nature of Acids and Bases. Acid Strength. The pH Scale. Calculating the pH of Strong Acid Solutions. Calculating the pH of Weak Acid Solutions. Bases. Polyprotic Acids. Acid-Base Properties of Salts. Acid Solutions in Which Water Contributes to the H+ Concentration. Strong Acid Solutions in Which Water Contributes to the H+ Concentration. Strategy for Solving Acid-Base Problems: A Summary. 8. APPLICATIONS OF AQUEOUS EQUILIBRIA. Solutions of Acids or Bases Containing a Common Ion. Buffered Solutions. Exact Treatment of Buffered Solutions. Buffer Capacity. Titrations and pH Curves. Acid-Base Indicators. Titration of Polyprotic Acids. Solubility Equilibria and the Solubility Product. Precipitation and Qualitative Analysis. Complex Ion Equilibria. 9. ENERGY, ENTHALPY, AND THERMOCHEMISTRY. The Nature of Energy. Enthalpy. Thermodynamics of Ideal Gases. Calorimetry. Hess s Law. Standard Enthalpies of Formation. Present Sources of Energy. New Energy Sources. 10. SPONTANEITY, ENTROPY, AND FREE ENERGY. Spontaneous Processes and Entropy. The Isothermal Expansion and Compression of an Ideal Gas. The Definition of Entropy. Entropy and Physical Changes. Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. The Effect of Temperature on Spontaneity. Free Energy. Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions. Free Energy and Chemical Reactions. The Dependence of Free Energy on Pressure. Free Energy and Equilibrium. Free Energy and Work. Reversible and Irreversible Processes: A Summary. Adiabatic Processes. 11. ELECTROCHEMISTRY. Galvanic Cells. Standard Reduction Potentials. Cell Potential, Electrical Work, and Free Energy. Dependence of the Cell Potential on Concentration. Batteries. Corrosion. Electrolysis. Commercial Electrolytic Processes. . 1200 pp. Englisch. Codice libro della libreria INF1000041433

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