Our early ancestors lived in small groups and worked actively to preserve social equality. As they created larger societies, however, inequality rose, and by 2500 bce truly egalitarian societies were on the wane. In "The Creation of Inequality", Kent Flannery and Joyce Marcus demonstrate that this development was not simply the result of population increase, food surplus, or the accumulation of valuables. Instead, inequality resulted from conscious manipulation of the unique social logic that lies at the core of every human group. A few societies allowed talented and ambitious individuals to rise in prestige while still preventing them from becoming a hereditary elite. But many others made high rank hereditary, by manipulating debts, genealogies, and sacred lore. At certain moments in history, intense competition among leaders of high rank gave rise to despotic kingdoms and empires in the Near East, Egypt, Africa, Mexico, Peru, and the Pacific. Drawing on their vast knowledge of both living and prehistoric social groups, Flannery and Marcus describe the changes in logic that create larger and more hierarchical societies, and they argue persuasively that many kinds of inequality can be overcome by reversing these changes, rather than by violence.
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Descrizione libro Harvard University Press, 2012. Hardcover. Condizione libro: Brand New. 544 pages. 9.29x6.38x1.97 inches. In Stock. Codice libro della libreria zk0674064690
Descrizione libro Harvard University Press, 2012. Condizione libro: New. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: The origin of inequality is one of the most basic questions about human societies. We all arose from egalitarian hunter/gatherer ancestors. Why, then, do almost all of us poor peasants now tolerate affluent leaders, whether they are democratically elected presidents or military dictators? In this clear, readable survey, the distinguished archaeologists Kent Flannery and Joyce Marcus extract the answers by comparing the histories of societies over the whole world for the last 10,000 years. This book will become the standard account of long-term political evolution. Codice libro della libreria ABE_book_new_0674064690
Descrizione libro Harvard University Press. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. 0674064690 New Condition. Codice libro della libreria NEW4.0335192
Descrizione libro Harvard University Press, 2012. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria P110674064690
Descrizione libro Harvard University Press, 2012. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. book. Codice libro della libreria 0674064690