Taking Wing: Archaeopteryx and the Evolution of Bird Flight

Valutazione media 3,88
( su 66 valutazioni fornite da Goodreads )
 
9780684849652: Taking Wing: Archaeopteryx and the Evolution of Bird Flight

In 1861, just a few years after the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, a scientist named Hermann von Meyer made an amazing discovery. Hidden in the Bavarian region of Germany was a fossil skeleton so exquisitely preserved that its wings and feathers were as obvious as its reptilian jaws and tail. This transitional creature offered tangible proof of Darwin's theory of evolution.
Hailed as the First Bird, Archaeopteryx has remained the subject of heated debates for the last 140 years. Are birds actually living dinosaurs? Where does the fossil record really lead? Did flight originate from the "ground up" or "trees down"? Pat Shipman traces the age-old human desire to soar above the earth and to understand what has come before us. Taking Wing is science as adventure story, told with all the drama by which scientific understanding unfolds.

Le informazioni nella sezione "Riassunto" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

About the Author:

Pat Shipman, an anthropologist at Pennsylvania State University, is the author of The Evolution of Racism and, with Alan Walker, The Wisdom of the Bones. She has written extensively on evolution and anthropology for such magazines as Discover, Natural History, New Scientist, and Focus. She lives in State College, Pennsylvania.

From Kirkus Reviews:

An anthropologist (Penn State Univ.) examines one of the most famous fossil organisms ever discovered, and discusses its meaning in the ongoing debates about evolution. The first hint of Archaeopteryx--the impression in stone of a solitary feather--was unearthed in the limestone quarries of Solnhofen, Germany, in 1861. At an estimated age of 150 million years, it was immediately hailed as representing the earliest known bird. The fossil, and seven more specimens later uncovered, reveal a creature much like many small dinosaurs--but with the unmistakable impressions of feathers around its forelimbs. The first discovered skeleton appeared to be a clear-cut example of the sort of intermediate form, part reptile and part bird, that Darwin's brand-new theory of evolution needed to bolster its case. But was it really? One German scientist tried to rename it Griphosaurus, classifying it not as a bird, but as a feathered coelurosaur. Others argued that the feather impressions were faked--a claim that still surfaces in anti-evolutionary tracts. Thomas Huxley led the evolutionists' countercharge in several seminal articles, deploying evidence for the now widely accepted position that birds are the direct descendants of dinosaurs. Shipman (The Evolution of Racism, 1994) presents a detailed history of the fossils and the debate around them, including quotations from many of the original articles. Shipman pays particular attention to the question of flight itself--how and why over many generations, a small dinosaur developed anatomical structures that allowed it to take to the air. In the process of answering this question, the author investigates aerodynamics, the anatomy of birds and other flying creatures from insects to pterosaurs to bats, modern theories of dinosaur life and ecology, and other issues that will fascinate natural-history buffs. Lively and well written, offering a good sense not only of the intriguing first bird, but of the way science works. -- Copyright ©1997, Kirkus Associates, LP. All rights reserved.

Le informazioni nella sezione "Su questo libro" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

I migliori risultati di ricerca su AbeBooks

1.

Shipman, Pat
Editore: Simon and Schuster 1999-01-01 (1999)
ISBN 10: 0684849658 ISBN 13: 9780684849652
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 3
Da
BookOutlet
(Thorold, ON, Canada)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Simon and Schuster 1999-01-01, 1999. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Paperback. Publisher overstock, may contain remainder mark on edge. Codice libro della libreria 9780684849652B

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 4,81
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 5,10
Da: Canada a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

2.

SHIPMAN
Editore: Simon and Schuster
ISBN 10: 0684849658 ISBN 13: 9780684849652
Nuovi Quantità: > 20
Da
INDOO
(Avenel, NJ, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Simon and Schuster. Condizione libro: New. Brand New. Codice libro della libreria 0684849658

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 11,16
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 2,98
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

3.

Pat Shipman
Editore: Simon and Schuster (1999)
ISBN 10: 0684849658 ISBN 13: 9780684849652
Nuovi Quantità: > 20
Print on Demand
Da
Pbshop
(Wood Dale, IL, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Simon and Schuster, 1999. PAP. Condizione libro: New. New Book. Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. THIS BOOK IS PRINTED ON DEMAND. Established seller since 2000. Codice libro della libreria IQ-9780684849652

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 12,61
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 3,39
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

4.

Pat Shipman
Editore: SIMON SCHUSTER, United States (1999)
ISBN 10: 0684849658 ISBN 13: 9780684849652
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 10
Print on Demand
Da
The Book Depository US
(London, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro SIMON SCHUSTER, United States, 1999. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****. Prologue: A Flight of FancyThere are seven specimens, and a feather.It is not much to document the origin of bird flight. Strictly speaking, these specimens are not the entire body of evidence. There are, of course, other fossil birds, not to mention bats, pterodactyls, and insects that have a few things to say about bird flight. And there are living creatures, mathematical models, and aerodynamic theories to help us understand this amazing evolutionary accomplishment. Nonetheless, these seven specimens are crucial. They lie at the heart of complex debates that began with the discovery of the first specimen of Archaeopteryx more than 130 years ago and continue up until today. These few, special fossils have served as the basis for brilliant deductions, wild speculations, penetrating analyses, and amazing insights. They have revealed -- and continue to reveal -- not only the pathway through which birds and bird flight may have originated, but they also tell us much about the strengths and weaknesses of science and scientists.Only seven precious specimens: as I have learned of them, I have been struck by their paradoxical nature. Seven specimens seem paltry evidence to tell the world everything about a lost animal, yet few extinct species are so well-known. Remarkably, among these seven is perhaps the most beautiful fossil in the world. It is the Berlin Archaeopteryx, an exquisite slab and counterslab that capture an extraordinary moment in evolution, when reptiles were turning into birds. No special training is required to see what the Berlin Archaeopteryx is; its wings and feathers are as obvious as the teeth in its reptilian jaws and thhat exemplifies them all,combining fragility and grace with enormous emotional and intellectual power.All known specimens of Archaeopteryx come from one special place, in the Bavarian region of Germany. It is a small window through which we can peer at an ancient world. Some 150 million years ago, a few individuals of Archaeopteryx died and fell into the still waters of ancient Solnhofen, a shallow lagoon fringed with mud flats and bottomed in finegrained muds that had been deposited for tens of millions of years. When an Archaeopteryx died -- of accident, injury, or simple old age -- its carcass sank beneath the waters, becoming buried deep in these calcareous sediments, as did the remains of the insects, pterosaurs, fish, crustaceans, nautiloids, and other creatures that lived in or near the lagoon -- including a small theropod dinosaur, Compsognathus, whose presence proved fateful. The mud sealed it from further decay and destruction, protecting and preserving each anatomical detail as the body was infiltrated and replaced by stone. In time, the sediments consolidated into a fine-grained limestone. Still later, in the nineteenth century, these limestones were prized by humans as the perfect medium for detailed lithographic printing. Solnhofen limestone is so smooth that it will take the sharpest lines, conveying the subtlest textures that can be created by the artist s hand. This happenstance -- the value of Solnhofen limestone for printing -- was an essential ingredient in the strange story of Archaeopteryx. Stone, of course, has many potential uses, and the Solnhofen limestone has been quarried for paving-stones since Roman times. Only in the later ninetee nth century did lithographybecome so important that these wonderfully fine-grained stones were rendered valuable rather than simply useful, As a result, a painstaking process of hand-quarrying (still practiced today) began that led directly to the discovery of Archaeopteryx and many other fine fossils. Each slab of Solnhofen limestone is chiseled out by hand, split, inspected for flaws, sorted, and then often trimmed further to the exact dimensions required. From start to finish, sometimes as many as a dozen skilled quarrymen examine each surface of each slab with care, so f. Codice libro della libreria AAV9780684849652

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 16,65
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

5.

Pat Shipman
Editore: SIMON SCHUSTER, United States (1999)
ISBN 10: 0684849658 ISBN 13: 9780684849652
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 10
Print on Demand
Da
The Book Depository
(London, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro SIMON SCHUSTER, United States, 1999. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****.Prologue: A Flight of FancyThere are seven specimens, and a feather.It is not much to document the origin of bird flight. Strictly speaking, these specimens are not the entire body of evidence. There are, of course, other fossil birds, not to mention bats, pterodactyls, and insects that have a few things to say about bird flight. And there are living creatures, mathematical models, and aerodynamic theories to help us understand this amazing evolutionary accomplishment. Nonetheless, these seven specimens are crucial. They lie at the heart of complex debates that began with the discovery of the first specimen of Archaeopteryx more than 130 years ago and continue up until today. These few, special fossils have served as the basis for brilliant deductions, wild speculations, penetrating analyses, and amazing insights. They have revealed -- and continue to reveal -- not only the pathway through which birds and bird flight may have originated, but they also tell us much about the strengths and weaknesses of science and scientists.Only seven precious specimens: as I have learned of them, I have been struck by their paradoxical nature. Seven specimens seem paltry evidence to tell the world everything about a lost animal, yet few extinct species are so well-known. Remarkably, among these seven is perhaps the most beautiful fossil in the world. It is the Berlin Archaeopteryx, an exquisite slab and counterslab that capture an extraordinary moment in evolution, when reptiles were turning into birds. No special training is required to see what the Berlin Archaeopteryx is; its wings and feathers are as obvious as the teeth in its reptilian jaws and thhat exemplifies them all,combining fragility and grace with enormous emotional and intellectual power.All known specimens of Archaeopteryx come from one special place, in the Bavarian region of Germany. It is a small window through which we can peer at an ancient world. Some 150 million years ago, a few individuals of Archaeopteryx died and fell into the still waters of ancient Solnhofen, a shallow lagoon fringed with mud flats and bottomed in finegrained muds that had been deposited for tens of millions of years. When an Archaeopteryx died -- of accident, injury, or simple old age -- its carcass sank beneath the waters, becoming buried deep in these calcareous sediments, as did the remains of the insects, pterosaurs, fish, crustaceans, nautiloids, and other creatures that lived in or near the lagoon -- including a small theropod dinosaur, Compsognathus, whose presence proved fateful. The mud sealed it from further decay and destruction, protecting and preserving each anatomical detail as the body was infiltrated and replaced by stone. In time, the sediments consolidated into a fine-grained limestone. Still later, in the nineteenth century, these limestones were prized by humans as the perfect medium for detailed lithographic printing. Solnhofen limestone is so smooth that it will take the sharpest lines, conveying the subtlest textures that can be created by the artist s hand. This happenstance -- the value of Solnhofen limestone for printing -- was an essential ingredient in the strange story of Archaeopteryx. Stone, of course, has many potential uses, and the Solnhofen limestone has been quarried for paving-stones since Roman times. Only in the later ninetee nth century did lithographybecome so important that these wonderfully fine-grained stones were rendered valuable rather than simply useful, As a result, a painstaking process of hand-quarrying (still practiced today) began that led directly to the discovery of Archaeopteryx and many other fine fossils. Each slab of Solnhofen limestone is chiseled out by hand, split, inspected for flaws, sorted, and then often trimmed further to the exact dimensions required. From start to finish, sometimes as many as a dozen skilled quarrymen examine each surface of each slab with care, so fo. Codice libro della libreria AAV9780684849652

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 16,64
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

6.

Shipman, Pat
Editore: Touchstone 1999-01 (1999)
ISBN 10: 0684849658 ISBN 13: 9780684849652
Nuovi Quantità: 5
Print on Demand
Da
Chiron Media
(Wallingford, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Touchstone 1999-01, 1999. Condizione libro: New. This item is printed on demand. Brand new book, sourced directly from publisher. Dispatch time is 24-48 hours from our warehouse. Book will be sent in robust, secure packaging to ensure it reaches you securely. Codice libro della libreria NU-LSI-06871528

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 13,41
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 3,27
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

7.

Shipman, Pat
ISBN 10: 0684849658 ISBN 13: 9780684849652
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: > 20
Print on Demand
Da
BargainBookStores
(Grand Rapids, MI, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Paperback. Condizione libro: New. This item is printed on demand. Item doesn't include CD/DVD. Codice libro della libreria 1819742

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 14,47
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 3,39
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

8.

Pat Shipman
ISBN 10: 0684849658 ISBN 13: 9780684849652
Nuovi Quantità: > 20
Print on Demand
Da
BWB
(Valley Stream, NY, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Condizione libro: New. This item is Print on Demand - Depending on your location, this item may ship from the US or UK. Codice libro della libreria POD_9780684849652

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 18,47
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

9.

Shipman, Pat
Editore: Simon & Schuster (2017)
ISBN 10: 0684849658 ISBN 13: 9780684849652
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 10
Print on Demand
Da
Murray Media
(North Miami Beach, FL, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Simon & Schuster, 2017. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Never used! This item is printed on demand. Codice libro della libreria 0684849658

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 17,11
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 1,69
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

10.

Pat Shipman
Editore: Simon & Schuster
ISBN 10: 0684849658 ISBN 13: 9780684849652
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 20
Da
BuySomeBooks
(Las Vegas, NV, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Simon & Schuster. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Paperback. 336 pages. Dimensions: 9.1in. x 6.0in. x 0.8in.In 1861, just a few years after the publication of Charles Darwins On the Origin of Species, a scientist named Hermann von Meyer made an amazing discovery. Hidden in the Bavarian region of Germany was a fossil skeleton so exquisitely preserved that its wings and feathers were as obvious as its reptilian jaws and tail. This transitional creature offered tangible proof of Darwins theory of evolution. Hailed as the First Bird, Archaeopteryx has remained the subject of heated debates for the last 140 years. Are birds actually living dinosaurs Where does the fossil record really lead Did flight originate from the ground up or trees down Pat Shipman traces the age-old human desire to soar above the earth and to understand what has come before us. Taking Wing is science as adventure story, told with all the drama by which scientific understanding unfolds. This item ships from multiple locations. Your book may arrive from Roseburg,OR, La Vergne,TN. Paperback. Codice libro della libreria 9780684849652

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 17,04
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 3,36
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

Vedi altre copie di questo libro

Vedi tutti i risultati per questo libro