In the Eye's Mind: Vision and the Helmholtz-Hering Controversy

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9780691033976: In the Eye's Mind: Vision and the Helmholtz-Hering Controversy

One of the most persistent controversies of modern science has dealt with human visual perception. It erupted in Germany during the 1860s as a dispute between physiologists Hermann von Helmholtz, Ewald Hering and their schools. Well into the 20th century, these groups warred over the origins of our capacity to perceive space, over the retinal mechanisms that mediate colour sensations, and over the role of mind, experience and inference in vision. This study explores the impassioned exchanges of those rival schools, both to illuminate the clash of theory and to explore the larger role of controversy in the development of science. It focuses on the arguments and issues of the dispute, issues that ranged from the interpretation of colour blindness and optical illusions to the therapeutic practices of clinical ophthalmology. As well, it describes the personalities, institutions, disciplinary structures, and methodological commitments that shaped the dispute, including the schools' rhetorical strategies.

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Book Description:

"Turner has clearly done his homework and--unlike many people who write on the history of colour vision--has read the original texts. He understands the issues and the methods used in studying them, and does an excellent job of defining the jargon of the era, which is often comprehensible only in context." --Nature


List of Figures and Tables
Preface and Acknowledgments
Ch. 1 Introduction 3
Ch. 2 Physiological Optics from Wheatstone to Helmholtz 10
Ch. 3 Helmholtz on Spatial Perception 35
Ch. 4 Hering on Spatial Perception 54
Ch. 5 The Nativist-Empiricist Controversy Begins 68
Ch. 6 Helmholtz Light and Color 95
Ch. 7 Hering on Light and Color 115
Ch. 8 Core Sets and Partisans 139
Ch. 9 The Nativist-Empiricist Debate, 1870-1925 156
Ch. 10 Color Vision Controversies, 1875-90 176
Ch. 11 Color Vision Controversies, 1890-1915 196
Ch. 12 The Roots of Incommensurability 218
Ch. 13 Controversy and Disciplinary Structure 235
Ch. 14 In Search of Denouement: The Twentieth Century 261
Appendix 281
Notes 289
References and Abbreviations 299
Index 329

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Turner, R. Steven
Editore: Princeton University Press (1994)
ISBN 10: 0691033978 ISBN 13: 9780691033976
Nuovi Rilegato Quantità: 1
Irish Booksellers
(Rumford, ME, U.S.A.)
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Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, 1994. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. book. Codice libro della libreria 0691033978

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