One of the most persistent controversies of modern science has dealt with human visual perception. It erupted in Germany during the 1860s as a dispute between physiologists Hermann von Helmholtz, Ewald Hering and their schools. Well into the 20th century, these groups warred over the origins of our capacity to perceive space, over the retinal mechanisms that mediate colour sensations, and over the role of mind, experience and inference in vision. This study explores the impassioned exchanges of those rival schools, both to illuminate the clash of theory and to explore the larger role of controversy in the development of science. It focuses on the arguments and issues of the dispute, issues that ranged from the interpretation of colour blindness and optical illusions to the therapeutic practices of clinical ophthalmology. As well, it describes the personalities, institutions, disciplinary structures, and methodological commitments that shaped the dispute, including the schools' rhetorical strategies.
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"Turner has clearly done his homework and--unlike many people who write on the history of colour vision--has read the original texts. He understands the issues and the methods used in studying them, and does an excellent job of defining the jargon of the era, which is often comprehensible only in context." --NatureContenuti:
|List of Figures and Tables|
|Preface and Acknowledgments|
|Ch. 2||Physiological Optics from Wheatstone to Helmholtz||10|
|Ch. 3||Helmholtz on Spatial Perception||35|
|Ch. 4||Hering on Spatial Perception||54|
|Ch. 5||The Nativist-Empiricist Controversy Begins||68|
|Ch. 6||Helmholtz Light and Color||95|
|Ch. 7||Hering on Light and Color||115|
|Ch. 8||Core Sets and Partisans||139|
|Ch. 9||The Nativist-Empiricist Debate, 1870-1925||156|
|Ch. 10||Color Vision Controversies, 1875-90||176|
|Ch. 11||Color Vision Controversies, 1890-1915||196|
|Ch. 12||The Roots of Incommensurability||218|
|Ch. 13||Controversy and Disciplinary Structure||235|
|Ch. 14||In Search of Denouement: The Twentieth Century||261|
|References and Abbreviations||299|
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Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, 1994. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. book. Codice libro della libreria 0691033978