Green Plastics: An Introduction to the New Science of Biodegradable Plastics

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9780691049670: Green Plastics: An Introduction to the New Science of Biodegradable Plastics

Plastics are everywhere. Bags, bank cards, bottles, and even boats can all be made of this celebrated but much-maligned material. Yet most of us know next to nothing about plastics. We do know that they are practical and cheap - but they also represent a huge environmental problem, for they literally take ages to decompose. In this engaging book, E.S. Stevens tells us everything we have always wondered about plastics and of the efforts, in America, Europe, and Asia, to develop a new breed of environmentally friendly plastics. He points to a possible future where plastics will no longer be made of petroleum, but of plants. The first two chapters assess the increased use of plastics as a relatively new alternative to other materials. The third chapter introduces us to their impact on the environment and strategies for their disposal or recycling. The next two chapters cover basic concepts and terms used in polymer sciences and provide some basic chemistry. With these fundamentals in tow, the author compares how petroleum-based and biological polymers are made, and the various ways in which they decompose. He acquaints readers with the emerging technologies, their commercial viability, and their future. Finally, instructions are given for preparing basic bioplastics using readily available materials. Nonspecialists will find "Green Plastics" a concise introduction to this exciting interdisciplinary topic - an introduction otherwise not available. For students, it provides easy entry to an area of science with wide appeal and current importance; for teachers, excellent background reading for courses in various sciences. The prospect of depleted fossil fuel supplies, and the potential benefits of bioplastics to the environment and to rural areas that could supply the raw materials, make this book a compelling presentation of a subject whose time has come.

Le informazioni nella sezione "Riassunto" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

Recensione:

"As its subtitle promises, [this book] does offer an introduction to the subject, along with a brief overview of the chemistry of plastics. Rounding out the book are a helpful glossary, a reading list for those interested in exploring the topic in greater depth and an appendix of recipes for making your own bioplastics from common ingredients." --American Scientist

"A very nice introduction to the field of biodegradable polymers." --Choice

"The flow of topics is natural and intuitive. Definitions and diagrams are generally plain, precise, and easy to understand. . . . This book is recommended for college-level students as well as for the general reader with little formal background in chemistry who desires an up-to-date presentation on current and future trends in plastics." --Armen S. Casparian, Science Books & Film

Contenuti:

Preface vii
Acknowledgments ix
PART ONE PLASTICS
Chapter 1: The Age of Plastics
The New Kids on the Block, How Do We Use All That Plastic? 3
Chapter 2: Plastics as Materials
Materials Science, Composites and Laminates, The Distinction of Plastics as a Material, Materials and the Ecosystem 10
Chapter 3: Plastics and the Environment
Raw Materials, Plastics Waste, Managing Plastics Waste, Environment Friendly Plastics? 15
Chapter 4: The Chemical Nature of Plastics
Polymers, Plastics, Additives, Common Thermoplastics, Common Thermosets, Biodegradable Synthetics, Fibers and Elastomers 31
Chapter 5: Plastics Degradation
Plastics after Use-An Introduction, Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Biodegradation-Nature's Recycling, Degradation of Plastics, Tests and Standards 52
PART TWO BIOPLASTICS
Chapter 6: Biopolymers
Nature's Polymers, Carbohydrates, Lignin, Proteins, Polyesters, Synthetic "Biopolymers," Nature's Fibers, Nature's Composites 83
Chapter 7: The Reemergence of Bioplastics
What Are Bioplastics? Early Bioplastics, The New Bioplastics 104
Chapter 8: Factors Affecting Growth
Biomass Raw Materials, Benign Technology, Biodegradable Products, Properties, Cost 135
Chapter 9: Prospects for the Future
Raw Materials, Markets, Technological Advances, Environmental Concern, The Role of Government, The Role of the Private Sector, Paradigm Shift 145
Appendix Make Your Own
Preparation of Cast-Film Bioplastics, Supplies, Equipment, Procedure, Formulations, Varying the Recipes, "1-2-3 Plastic," Other Possibilities, Standard Tests, Designing Science Projects 165
Notes 187
Glossary 207
Reading List 221
Author/Name Index 223
Subject Index 231

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Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, United States, 2001. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. 236 x 155 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Plastics are everywhere. Bags, bank cards, bottles, and even boats can all be made of this celebrated but much-maligned material. Yet most of us know next to nothing about plastics. We do know that they are practical and cheap--but they also represent a huge environmental problem, for they literally take ages to decompose. In this engaging book, E.S. Stevens tells us everything we have always wondered about plastics and of the efforts, in America, Europe, and Asia, to develop a new breed of environmentally friendly plastics. He points to a possible future where plastics will no longer be made of petroleum, but of plants. The first two chapters assess the increased use of plastics as a relatively new alternative to other materials. The third chapter introduces us to their impact on the environment and strategies for their disposal or recycling. The next two chapters cover basic concepts and terms used in polymer sciences and provide some basic chemistry. With these fundamentals in tow, the author compares how petroleum-based and biological polymers are made, and the various ways in which they decompose. He acquaints readers with the emerging technologies, their commercial viability, and their future. Finally, instructions are given for preparing basic bioplastics using readily available materials. Nonspecialists will find Green Plastics a concise introduction to this exciting interdisciplinary topic--an introduction otherwise not available. For students it provides easy entry to an area of science with wide appeal and current importance; for teachers, excellent background reading for courses in various sciences. The prospect of depleted fossil fuel supplies, and the potential benefits of bioplastics to the environment and to rural areas that could supply the raw materials, make this book a compelling presentation of a subject whose time has come. Codice libro della libreria AAZ9780691049670

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E.S. Stevens
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Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, United States, 2001. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. 236 x 155 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Plastics are everywhere. Bags, bank cards, bottles, and even boats can all be made of this celebrated but much-maligned material. Yet most of us know next to nothing about plastics. We do know that they are practical and cheap--but they also represent a huge environmental problem, for they literally take ages to decompose. In this engaging book, E.S. Stevens tells us everything we have always wondered about plastics and of the efforts, in America, Europe, and Asia, to develop a new breed of environmentally friendly plastics. He points to a possible future where plastics will no longer be made of petroleum, but of plants. The first two chapters assess the increased use of plastics as a relatively new alternative to other materials. The third chapter introduces us to their impact on the environment and strategies for their disposal or recycling. The next two chapters cover basic concepts and terms used in polymer sciences and provide some basic chemistry. With these fundamentals in tow, the author compares how petroleum-based and biological polymers are made, and the various ways in which they decompose. He acquaints readers with the emerging technologies, their commercial viability, and their future. Finally, instructions are given for preparing basic bioplastics using readily available materials. Nonspecialists will find Green Plastics a concise introduction to this exciting interdisciplinary topic--an introduction otherwise not available. For students it provides easy entry to an area of science with wide appeal and current importance; for teachers, excellent background reading for courses in various sciences. The prospect of depleted fossil fuel supplies, and the potential benefits of bioplastics to the environment and to rural areas that could supply the raw materials, make this book a compelling presentation of a subject whose time has come. Codice libro della libreria AAZ9780691049670

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Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, 2001. Condizione libro: New. 2001. Hardcover. Talks about plastics and of the efforts, in America, Europe, and Asia, to develop a fresh breed of environmentally friendly plastics. This book points to a time where plastics will no longer be made of petroleum, but of plants. It provides instructions for preparing basic bioplastics using readily available materials. Num Pages: 248 pages, 12 halftones, 22 line illus. BIC Classification: PNNP; TDCP. Category: (P) Professional & Vocational; (U) Tertiary Education (US: College). Dimension: 242 x 163 x 22. Weight in Grams: 554. . . . . . . Codice libro della libreria V9780691049670

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Descrizione libro Hardback. Condizione libro: New. Not Signed; Plastics are everywhere. Bags, bank cards, bottles, and even boats can all be made of this celebrated but much-maligned material. Yet most of us know next to nothing about plastics. We do know that they are practical and cheap--but they also represent a huge environmental problem, for they literally. book. Codice libro della libreria ria9780691049670_rkm

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