This monograph attempts to demonstrate that moral norms can, and do, significantly affect international affairs by their influence on individual decision-makers, domestic public opinion and national reputation abroad. It investigates four cases of American foreign policy-making in the 20th century: US food aid to the Soviet Union during the Russian famine of 1921, President Nixon's decision to alter US policies on biochemical weapons production in 1969, the signing of the Panama Canal Treaties in 1978, and the bombing of Dresden during World War II. Three of these cases illustrate the influence of ethics in foreign policy: questions of conscience led US decision-makers to provide food aid to the Soviets despite its potentially stabilizing effect on a regime they despised; domestic support for the international moral norm against chemical warfare persuaded Nixon to endorse a radical revision of US biochemical policies, and the existence of a moral ban on territorial colonialism enabled the Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos to rally international opposition to continued US occcupation of the Panama Canal Zone. The limits of international norms are demonstrated in the case of Dresden, where the US Air Force felt compelled to violate the moral norm of non-combatant immunity.
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"Robert McElroy, in this excellent book . . . proposes to show the role morality plays in United States foreign policy. . . . [He] combines realist and internationalist theory by forming his own understanding of the value and role of morality in international relations." --Jan Goldman, The Friday Review of Defense Literature
"These case studies are at once persuasive and provocative. . . . [McElroy's] book ought to be of great interest to anyone concerned with the morality of foreign affairs." --William P. George, Christian Century
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Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, 1992. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria P110691086214
Descrizione libro Princeton Univ Pr, 1992. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria DADAX0691086214