Bipolar Expeditions: Mania and Depression in American Culture

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9780691141060: Bipolar Expeditions: Mania and Depression in American Culture

Manic behavior holds an undeniable fascination in American culture today. It fuels the plots of best-selling novels and the imagery of MTV videos, is acknowledged as the driving force for successful entrepreneurs like Ted Turner, and is celebrated as the source of the creativity of artists like Vincent Van Gogh and movie stars like Robin Williams. Bipolar Expeditions seeks to understand mania's appeal and how it weighs on the lives of Americans diagnosed with manic depression. Anthropologist Emily Martin guides us into the fascinating and sometimes disturbing worlds of mental-health support groups, mood charts, psychiatric rounds, the pharmaceutical industry, and psychotropic drugs. Charting how these worlds intersect with the wider popular culture, she reveals how people living under the description of bipolar disorder are often denied the status of being fully human, even while contemporary America exhibits a powerful affinity for manic behavior. Mania, Martin shows, has come to be regarded as a distant frontier that invites exploration because it seems to offer fame and profits to pioneers, while depression is imagined as something that should be eliminated altogether with the help of drugs. Bipolar Expeditions argues that mania and depression have a cultural life outside the confines of diagnosis, that the experiences of people living with bipolar disorder belong fully to the human condition, and that even the most so-called rational everyday practices are intertwined with irrational ones. Martin's own experience with bipolar disorder informs her analysis and lends a personal perspective to this complex story.

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Recensione:

Winner of the 2009 Diana Forsythe Prize, Committee for the Anthropology of Science, Technology, and Computing of the General Anthropology Division, and the Society for the Anthropology of Work, American Anthropological Association

"[Emily Martin's] serious and engaging book...is a much an ethnographical study as it is an autobiographical account. Martin...goes beyond just seeing how medicated bipolar patients deal with their illness: she argues that at least one aspect of bipolar disorder is today seen as a model for a certain type of productive behavior in society. This positive reading of mania comes...to be part of the way that bipolar patients internalize their illness. Martin's book documents our late 20th and early 21st century and its treatment and rehabilitation of bipolar disorder. In examining our world she shows how we have moved from [a] culture of narcissism to a world of mania." --Sander L. Gilman, Lancet

"This book is exceptional in that it spans the fields of anthropology, psychology, psychiatry, and sociology. Martin expertly incorporates the literature from these fields with lay perspectives and experiences from support groups and clinical subjects. This book provides new insights and a deeper understanding of the bipolar experience in America." --Rif S. El-Mallakh, American Journal of Psychiatry

"Anthropologist Martin continues with her long-standing project of unpacking U.S. values, categories, and, in this case, psychopathology as artifacts of history and society with a focus on their cultural rendering, shifting content, and context....General audiences as well as specialists who have particular interest in the social and cultural life of mental health in the contemporary U.S. will appreciate this book." --S. Ferzacca, Choice

"If there is a single thread that runs through this timely, well-researched and wide-ranging book, it is that bipolar disorder is a framework of our time for understanding and even facilitating new conceptions of rationality, irrationality, mood and motivation." --Roy Richard Grinker, Project Muse

"This book provides a very welcome development (substantive and theoretical) in the field of anthropology, but economists, politicians, and historians reflecting on the recent depression in the US, and the 'cold' caught by other 'Western' countries, would also do well to read it." --Christine McCourt, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute

"Emily Martin shatters common sense distinctions of public and private, individual and communal. In the process, she makes sense of what may seem counter-intuitive on the surface: the conscious self-presentation and sociality of people living with the diagnosis of manic depression." --Helena Hansen, American Journal of Psychiatry's Residents' Journal

Contenuti:

List of Illustrations xiii
Preface: Ethnographic Ways and Means xv
Acknowledgments xxi

INTRODUCTION: Manic Depression in America 1
Rational and Irrational 5
Brains and Genes 11
The Drug Factor 13
A Short History of Manic Depression 16
Manic Depression in Culture 28
Research Methods 30

PART ONE: Manic Depression as Experience 35

CHAPTER ONE: Personhood and Emotion 37
What Are Moods? 43
Mood and Motivation 49
Our Manic Affinity 51

CHAPTER TWO: Performing the "Rationality" of "Irrationality" 55
Patients' Rationality: Double Bookkeeping 55
Doctors' Rationality: A Closed Circle 59
The Bipolar Experience: Multiplicity 64
The Bipolar Experience: Interruption 69
Sounding a Second Voice 74
Style and Manic Performances 80

CHAPTER THREE: Managing Mania and Depression 86

CHAPTER FOUR: I Now Pronounce You Manic Depressive 99
1. I'm in a Hole 101
2. I Thought I Was Normal When I Was Speedy 102
3. What Is the Diagnosis? 106
4. Who Is Manic? 110
5. What Is Bipolar 2b? 111
6. I Ain't Gonna Mess with It Backwards 114
7. Maybe He Is a Normal Variant 117
8. I'm a Twenty-Year-Old College Student with a 3.75 GPA and I Am Not Crazy 120
Subjection and Rationality 127

CHAPTER FIVE: Inside the Diagnosis 134
DSM Categories as "Text-Atoms" 135
The Work of Support Groups 143
Performativity, Intention, and Diagnosis 147

CHAPTER SIX: Pharmaceutical Personalities 150
Marketing a Psychotropic Drug 150
The Rationality of Consumers 156
Living with Drugs 159

PART TWO: Mania as a Resource 175

CHAPTER SEVEN: Taking the Measure of Moods and Motivations 177
Mood Hygiene 188
Evading Mood Charts 193
From Temperate to Hot 195

CHAPTER EIGHT: Revaluing Mania 197
Sociality and Conformity 198
Manic Depression and Creativity Today 202
Gender and Manic Depression 210
Race and Manic Depression 212
Manic Depression as an "Asset" 216
A Mental State as a "Thing" 220
Understanding Mania and Manic Depression in Their Contexts 229

CHAPTER NINE: Manic Markets 234
Links between Individuals and Markets 234
Learning to Be Manic 239
Mania in the Market 243
Emotion in the Market 250
A Few Manic Heroes, Past and Present 253
Manic Affinity 257
A Few Fallen Heroes 259
The Edge 263

CONCLUSION: The Bipolar Condition 269
Race and Gender Revisited 274
Optimizing Moods 275
The End of Madness? 277

Appendix 281
Notes 287
References 339
Index 363

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Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, United States, 2009. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. 231 x 155 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Manic behavior holds an undeniable fascination in American culture today. It fuels the plots of best-selling novels and the imagery of MTV videos, is acknowledged as the driving force for successful entrepreneurs like Ted Turner, and is celebrated as the source of the creativity of artists like Vincent Van Gogh and movie stars like Robin Williams. Bipolar Expeditions seeks to understand mania s appeal and how it weighs on the lives of Americans diagnosed with manic depression. Anthropologist Emily Martin guides us into the fascinating and sometimes disturbing worlds of mental-health support groups, mood charts, psychiatric rounds, the pharmaceutical industry, and psychotropic drugs. Charting how these worlds intersect with the wider popular culture, she reveals how people living under the description of bipolar disorder are often denied the status of being fully human, even while contemporary America exhibits a powerful affinity for manic behavior. Mania, Martin shows, has come to be regarded as a distant frontier that invites exploration because it seems to offer fame and profits to pioneers, while depression is imagined as something that should be eliminated altogether with the help of drugs. Bipolar Expeditions argues that mania and depression have a cultural life outside the confines of diagnosis, that the experiences of people living with bipolar disorder belong fully to the human condition, and that even the most so-called rational everyday practices are intertwined with irrational ones. Martin s own experience with bipolar disorder informs her analysis and lends a personal perspective to this complex story. Codice libro della libreria AAU9780691141060

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Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, United States, 2009. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. 231 x 155 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Manic behavior holds an undeniable fascination in American culture today. It fuels the plots of best-selling novels and the imagery of MTV videos, is acknowledged as the driving force for successful entrepreneurs like Ted Turner, and is celebrated as the source of the creativity of artists like Vincent Van Gogh and movie stars like Robin Williams. Bipolar Expeditions seeks to understand mania s appeal and how it weighs on the lives of Americans diagnosed with manic depression. Anthropologist Emily Martin guides us into the fascinating and sometimes disturbing worlds of mental-health support groups, mood charts, psychiatric rounds, the pharmaceutical industry, and psychotropic drugs. Charting how these worlds intersect with the wider popular culture, she reveals how people living under the description of bipolar disorder are often denied the status of being fully human, even while contemporary America exhibits a powerful affinity for manic behavior. Mania, Martin shows, has come to be regarded as a distant frontier that invites exploration because it seems to offer fame and profits to pioneers, while depression is imagined as something that should be eliminated altogether with the help of drugs. Bipolar Expeditions argues that mania and depression have a cultural life outside the confines of diagnosis, that the experiences of people living with bipolar disorder belong fully to the human condition, and that even the most so-called rational everyday practices are intertwined with irrational ones. Martin s own experience with bipolar disorder informs her analysis and lends a personal perspective to this complex story. Codice libro della libreria AAU9780691141060

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Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, 2009. Condizione libro: New. 2009. First Paperback Printing. Paperback. Manic behavior holds an undeniable fascination in American culture. This work seeks to understand mania's appeal and how it weighs on the lives of Americans diagnosed with manic depression. It takes us into the fascinating and sometimes disturbing worlds of mental-health support groups, mood charts, psychiatric rounds and psychotropic drugs. Num Pages: 400 pages, 19 halftones. 6 tables. BIC Classification: 1KBB; JFFH; JHM. Category: (P) Professional & Vocational; (U) Tertiary Education (US: College). Dimension: 233 x 154 x 24. Weight in Grams: 592. . . . . . . Codice libro della libreria V9780691141060

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Descrizione libro Princeton University Press. Condizione libro: New. 2009. First Paperback Printing. Paperback. Manic behavior holds an undeniable fascination in American culture. This work seeks to understand mania's appeal and how it weighs on the lives of Americans diagnosed with manic depression. It takes us into the fascinating and sometimes disturbing worlds of mental-health support groups, mood charts, psychiatric rounds and psychotropic drugs. Num Pages: 400 pages, 19 halftones. 6 tables. BIC Classification: 1KBB; JFFH; JHM. Category: (P) Professional & Vocational; (U) Tertiary Education (US: College). Dimension: 233 x 154 x 24. Weight in Grams: 592. . . . . . Books ship from the US and Ireland. Codice libro della libreria V9780691141060

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