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The Old French Crusade Cycle consists of a series of epic poems that together form a cycle concerning the First Crusade and the legendary events associated with Godefroi de Buillon.La Prise d’Acre, La Mort Godefroi, and La Chanson des Rois BAudouin designate the principle episodes of Branch II of the Jerusalem Continuations, a continuous and stylistically cohesive narrative found in Paris Bibliotheque Nationale MS 12569 and partly in London British Library Additional MS 36615. Although it draws broadly on narrative elements developed throughout the Old French Crusade Cycle, the narrative edited here follows an independent course and presents a more purely fictional vision of Outremer than its antecedents in the Chanson d’Antioche and the Chanson de Jerusalem. Most of the conventional figures of the cycle disappear from the narrative. In addition to Godefroi and Bauduin, Calabre, Corbaran, Jean d’Alis, Harpin de Bourges, Tancred, Bohemond, and Raymond de St. Gilles all put in final appearances. In their stead a new generation of adventurers arrives, including Amaury d’Aucoire, Bauduin de Sebourc, the tow Fauquembergues brothers, and Renuat du Crac de Monroial. Composed during the second half of the 13th century, this pseudo-historical account of the first century or so in Outremer celebrates a strong monarchy that rewards faithful vassals, courts the loyalty of the bourgeoisie, and refuses intimidation by its partner, the Church. The fate of Christian Palestine is shown to rely greatly on highborn newcomers close to the house of France. Thus the events of the Second Crusade, led by monarch themselves, do no find their place in this segment of the cycle. Such a scale of values and distortion of historical fact suit a literary vehicle conceived primarily to flatter aristocratic nostaligia and tastes for ambition and adventure. To be sure, the work stands in sharp contrast to a popular apathy for holy expeditions, just as it ignores contemporary pleas for more peaceful evangelistic efforts among the heathen.
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Peter R. Grillo is Associate Professor of French, St. Michael’s College of The University of Toronto.
"The Old French Crusade Cycle", published in the original old French text, is generally understood to be the result of a relatively rapid process of literary accretion that extended the narrative of the First Crusade as it had been originally recounted in the 12th-century, quasi-historical "Chanson d'Antioche" and "Chanson de Jerusalem" in such a way as to produce a more or less coherent story beginning with Godfrey of Bouillon's mythical grandfather, the Swan Knight, and ending with the appearance of Salah ed-Din. The events following the capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders are told in four branches of the cycle known collectively as "The Jerusalem Continuations", the text of which has survived in two redactions. The four branches of the first redaction appeared as "The Old French Crusade Cycle", Volume VII, Parts I and II. The second redaction, consisting of some 27,000 lines of Alexandrine verse, is here offered as Volume VIII. In this second redaction we learn of the campaign to capture Acre, but the expected epic narrative of cavalry warfare and seige is relieved by an extended account of the romance and marriage of Godfrey and Florie, the recently converted sister of Corbaran of Oliferne (the historical Muslim leader Kerbogha). The Crusaders' joy is short-lived, however, when Godfrey is treacherously poisoned by his newly appointed patriarch of Jerusalem, Eracle, and the troubling apparent complicity of Tancred who has fallen passionately in love with Florie. When Godfrey's brother Baldwin is crowned, Tancred proves his innocence in trial by combat against Eracle. Baldwin's rule, however, ends with his premature death and power passes to Aumary d'Aucoire. But his hold on power is tenuous as the Muslim counter-offensives become even more threatening, including the unlikely successes of a false Salehadin, the apostate son of a shoemaker from Metz, and compromised by the necessity of a Christian alliance with the Muslim ruler of Egypt against the invading forc
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Descrizione libro University Alabama Press, 1994. Hardcover. Condizione: New. 1. Codice articolo DADAX0817307613
Descrizione libro University Alabama Press, 1994. Condizione: New. book. Codice articolo M0817307613