Theorizes on the political future of Algeria and the likely rise of an Islamist regime.
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This study is part of a series of studies the author has written for RAND on the subject of Islamic fundamentalism, or Islamism, in the Muslim world. This study is of particular policy importance since it deals with the prospect of a fundamentalist victory in the largest and one of the most important Arab states--Algeria. An Islamist regime in Algeria would have major repercussions in the region. This study attempts to put such a takeover in perspective: Why might it happen, what would it look like, and what would it mean for the West and the region? This problem is of interest not only to Washington but even more to Western Europe, which is already the recipient of many North African immigrants, threatened by potential refugee flows, and increasingly dependent upon Algerian natural gas. The study also attempts to look at the Algerian case on a comparative basis: How does the Algerian experience contribute to our knowledge of the varieties of political Islam as a broader regional phenomenon?This research was sponsored by the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations (DAMO-SSP) and performed within the Strategy and Doctrine Program of RAND's Arroyo Center, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the United States Army.From Publishers Weekly:
Americans aren't terribly interested in Algeria. It's a former French colony and American nationals have not been the objects of violence there. But we should be. Vietnam was an uninteresting former French colony until 1954, and the U.S. has very real interests in the Middle East. Lay readers interested in contemporary Algeria have been largely out of luck, as most available books are out-of-date, unreadable or excruciatingly expensive. Fuller's report (prepared for the U.S. Navy) is none of these. In clear prose, he details the history of Algeria's colonial struggle, the emergence of the National Liberation Front (FLN) and of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS). Like other Islamist organizations, the FIS has grown in power through grassroots social programs and pulpit propaganda, finally winning a plurality in the parliamentary elections of 1991. But those elections were annulled in January 1992 by a military junta that took over the government, and the FIS and more radical Islamist organizations like the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) stepped up the violence, which has left some 50,000 dead to date. Fuller does make some useful comparisons between the situation in Algeria and that in the two Islamist governments in the Middle East (Iran and Sudan) and Egypt, which is facing its own similar struggle. Strangely, there is almost no mention of Turkey's Welfare party, which would seem the best example of a party with strong religious ties coming to power through election. Fuller argues for treating the FIS (and other Islamist parties) as legitimate parts of the democratic process. They are players and, if brought into power by elections, are more likely to be willing to leave if voted out of office later.
Copyright 1996 Reed Business Information, Inc.
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Descrizione libro Rand Publishing, 1996. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria DADAX083302387X