Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 29. Chapters: Thuggee, Yakuza, Triad, Ah Kong, Kkangpae, Indian mafia, Secret societies in Singapore, Mid Night Club, Hai San Secret Society, Salakau, Snakehead, D-Company, Gang wars between Chota Rajan and Dawood Ibrahim, Kala Kaccha Gang, Ghee Hin Kongsi, Wah Kee, Big Circle Gang, Four Seas, Ang Soon Tong. Excerpt: Yakuza ), also known as gokud? ), are members of traditional organized crime syndicates in Japan. The Japanese police and media, by request of the police, call them b?ryokudan (???), literally "violence group", while the yakuza call themselves "ninky? dantai" (???? or ????), "chivalrous organizations". The yakuza are notoriously known for their strict codes of conduct and very organized nature. They are very prevalent in the Japanese media and operate internationally with an estimated 102,400 members. Despite uncertainty about the single origin of yakuza organizations, most modern yakuza derive from two classifications which emerged in the mid-Edo Period: tekiya, those who primarily peddled illicit, stolen or shoddy goods; and bakuto, those who were involved in or participated in gambling. Tekiya (peddlers) were considered one of the lowest social groups in Edo. As they began to form organizations of their own, they took over some administrative duties relating to commerce, such as stall allocation and protection of their commercial activities. During Shinto festivals, these peddlers opened stalls and some members were hired to act as security. Each peddler paid rent in exchange for a stall assignment and protection during the fair. Thoroughout history, especially since the modern era, the Kyushu island (+ Amami and Okinawa) has been the largest source of the yakuza members, including many renowned bosses in Yamaguchi-gumi. Isokichi Yoshida (1867 - 1936) was from the Kitakyushu area and considered the first renowned ...
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