Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 25. Chapters: Rhamphorhynchus, Dorygnathus, Campylognathoides, Dimorphodon, Anurognathus, Jeholopterus, Eudimorphodon, Peteinosaurus, Dendrorhynchoides, Caviramus, Preondactylus, Scaphognathus, Pterorhynchus, Rhamphorhynchoidea, Nesodactylus, Carniadactylus, Sordes, Angustinaripterus, Cacibupteryx, Austriadactylus, Parapsicephalus, Sericipterus, Rhamphinion, Batrachognathus, Fenghuangopterus, Comodactylus, Harpactognathus, Anurognathidae, Dimorphodontidae, Changchengopterus, Rhamphorhynchidae, Campylognathoididae, Rhamphocephalus. Excerpt: Rhamphorhynchus ( ), "beak snout", is a genus of long-tailed pterosaurs in the Jurassic period. Less specialized than contemporary, short-tailed pterodactyloid pterosaurs such as Pterodactylus, it had a long tail, stiffened with ligaments, which ended in a characteristic diamond-shaped vane. The jaws of Rhamphorhynchus housed needle-like teeth, which were angled forward, with a curved, sharp, beak-like tip lacking teeth, indicating a diet mainly of fish and insects. Although fragmentary fossil remains possibly belonging to Rhamphorhynchus have been found in England, Tanzania, and Spain, the best preserved specimens come from the Solnhofen limestone of Bavaria, Germany. Many of these fossils preserve not only the bones but impressions of soft tissues such as wing membranes. Scattered teeth believed to belong to Rhamphorhynchus have been found in Portugal as well. Specimen with clearly visible breast-bone keelThe largest known specimen of Rhamphorhynchus muensteri (catalog number BMNH 37002) measures 1.26 meters (4.1 ft) long with a wingspan of 1.81 m (5.9 ft). Contrary to a 1927 report by pterosaur researcher Ferdinand Broili, Rhamphorhynchus lacked any bony or soft tissue crest, as seen in several species of contemporary small pterodactyloid pterosaurs. Broili claimed to have found a two milli...
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