Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 42. Chapters: Alcedo Volcano, Andean Volcanic Belt, Antisana, Atacazo, Bartolomé Island, Carihuairazo, Casitahua, Cayambe (volcano), Cerro Azul (Ecuador volcano), Cerro Negro de Mayasquer, Chiles (volcano), Chimborazo (volcano), Corazón (volcano), Cotacachi Volcano, Cotopaxi, Cuicocha, Daphne Island, El Altar, Fernandina Island, Galápagos Islands, Genovesa Island, Ilaló, Illiniza, Imbabura Volcano, Isabela Island (Galápagos), La Cumbre (Galápagos Islands), List of volcanoes in Ecuador, Marchena Island, Mojanda, Ninahuilca, Pambamarca, Pasochoa, Pichincha Volcano, Pinta Island, Pululagua, Quilotoa, Rábida Island, Reventador, Rumiñahui (volcano), Sangay, Santiago Island (Galápagos), Sierra Negra (Galápagos), Sumaco, Tungurahua, Volcán Wolf. Excerpt: The Galápagos Islands (official name: Archipiélago de Colón ; other Spanish names: Islas de Colón or Islas Galápagos) are an archipelago of volcanic islands distributed on either side of the Equator in the Pacific Ocean, 926 km (500 nmi) west of continental Ecuador, of which they are a part. The Galápagos Islands and its surrounding waters form an Ecuadorian province, a national park, and a biological marine reserve. The principal language on the islands is Spanish. The islands have a population of slightly over 25,000. The islands are famed for their vast number of endemic species. They were studied by Charles Darwin during the voyage of the Beagle. His observations and collections contributed to the inception of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. The first navigation chart of the islands was made by the buccaneer Ambrose Cowley in 1684. He named the individual islands after some of his fellow pirates or after the British noblemen who helped the privateer's cause. More recently, the Ecuadorian government gave most of the islands Spanish names. While the Spanish names are official, many users (especially ecological researchers) continue to use the older English names, principally because those were the names used when Charles Darwin visited. The islands are located in the eastern Pacific Ocean, 973 km (525 nmi; 605 mi) off the west coast of South America. The closest land mass is that of mainland Ecuador, the country to which they belong, 926 km/500 nmi to the east. Orthographic projection centred over the Galápagos. School of scalloped hammerheads, Wolf Island, Galapagos Islands Another school of scalloped hammerheads at Wolf Island, Galapagos Satellite photo of the Galápagos islands overlayed with the names of the visible main islands. Isabela seen from Spot Satellite. Waved Albatrosses on Española. Galápagos marine iguana. Main Street on San Cristóbal Island. An animated tour of the Galápagos. NASA oceanographer Gene Carl Feldman reflects on his u
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