Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 18. Chapters: Anna Mungunda, Arnold Tjihuiko, Athiel Mbaha, Clemens Kapuuo, Erastus Tjejamba, Gottlob Mbaukua, Hereroland, Herero and Namaqua Genocide, Himba people, Hosea Kutako, Jackson Kaujeua, Kaipkire, Kaire Mbuende, Kambazembi, Kuaima Riruako, Mucubal people, Nora Schimming-Chase, Otto Schimming, Rudolph Kamburona, Samuel Maharero, Thimoteus Tjamuaha. Excerpt: The Herero and Namaqua Genocide is considered to have been the first genocide of the 20th century. It took place between 1904 and 1907 in German South-West Africa (modern day Namibia), during the scramble for Africa. On January 12, 1904, the Herero people, led by Samuel Maharero, rebelled against German colonial rule. In August, German general Lothar von Trotha defeated the Herero in the Battle of Waterberg and drove them into the desert of Omaheke, where most of them died of thirst. In October, the Nama people also rebelled against the Germans only to suffer a similar fate. In total, from 24,000 up to 100,000 Herero and 10,000 Nama died. The genocide was characterized by widespread death by starvation and thirst because the Herero who fled the violence were prevented from returning from the Namib Desert. Some sources also claim that the German colonial army systematically poisoned desert wells. In 1985, the United Nations' Whitaker Report classified the aftermath as an attempt to exterminate the Herero and Nama peoples of South-West Africa, and therefore one of the earliest attempts at genocide in the 20th century. The German government recognized and apologized for the events in 2004, but has ruled out financial compensation for the victims' descendants. Lieutenant General Lothar von Trotha Theodor Leutwein (far left) with Samuel Maharero (2nd on the right) in 1895. Nama king Hendrik Witbooi Theodor Leutwein toasting Hendrik Witbooi in 1896. German Schutztruppe in combat with the Herero in a painting by Richard Knötel. Central figure Lieutenant General Lothar von Trotha, the Oberbefehlshaber (Supreme Commander) of the protection force in German South West Africa, in Keetmanshoop during the Herero uprising, 1904.The Herero were originally a tribe of cattle herders living in a region of German South West Africa, presently modern Namibia. The area occupied by the Herero was known as Damaraland. In 1883, during the scramble for Africa, Franz Adolf Eduard Lüderitz purc
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