Asiatic Researches Volume 2; Or, Transactions of the Society Instituted in Bengal, for Inquiring Into the History and Antiquities, the Arts, Sciences, and Literature, of Asia

 
9781231123751: Asiatic Researches Volume 2; Or, Transactions of the Society Instituted in Bengal, for Inquiring Into the History and Antiquities, the Arts, Sciences, and Literature, of Asia
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1799 Excerpt: ...to Sir Robert Chambers, who procured it among other books at Benares; but the obscurity of many technical terms made it some times difficult to be understood even by the Pandit I employed, who was by no means deeply versed in the science he professed. By his diligence, however, and through the obliging assistance of Mr. Duncan at Benares, who procured for me the Tita, or Commentary, this difficulty was at length surmounted $ and a computation of the above-mentioned eclipse, not merely on the principles, but strictly by the rules, of the Surya SidJhanta, is what I propose now to present you with, after such preliminary observations as may be necessary to make it intelligible. I suppose it sufficiently well known, that the Hindu division of the ecliptic into signs, degrees, &c. is the same as ours; that their astronomical year is sydereal, or containing that space of time in which the sun, departing from a star, returns to the same; that it commences on the instant of his entering the sign Aries, or rather the Hindu constellation Mesha; that each astronomical month cpntains as many even days and fractional parts as he stays in each sign; and. that the civil differs from the-astronomical account of time only in rejecting those fractions, and beginning the year and month at sunrise, instead of the intermediate instant of the artificial day or night. Hence arises the unequal portion of time assigned to each month dependent on the situation of the sun's apsis, and the distance of the vernal equinoctial colure from the beginning of Mesha in the Hindu sphere; and by these means they avoid those errors which Europeans, from a different method of adjusting their calendar by intercalary days, have been subject to. An explanation of these matters would lead me beyo...

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