John McGilchrist A History of the Turks

ISBN 13: 9781459022287

A History of the Turks

 
9781459022287: A History of the Turks
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1856. Excerpt: ... lost on the field of Chaeronea--that liberty which she had never regained from Macedonian, Roman, Crusading, or Venetian masters, which had been denied her so long by her proud Moslem conqueror, was at last obtained for her brave people by the timely interference of Christian states. A fitting historic compensation this--for that Christendom, the higher secular aspects of whose civilization are in such great measure to be traced to the culture of Grecian philosophy and poetry, to secure for the race which boasts the names of iEschylus and Demosthenes, that liberty which was their inspiration. During the struggle with the Greeks, Sultan Mahmoud, who had arrived at the conviction that the very existence of the corps of Janizaries was incompatible with good government, with reform, and with the safety of the throne, and therefore had fixedly determined to effect their extermination, had assigned them a prominence in the contest which had necessitated a great diminution in their numbers--whole battalions had fallen in fights with the Greek. On the restoration of peace, Mahmoud resolved to consummate his policy, and at once get rid of the throne's so formidable rival. He obtained the concurrence and sanction of the Ulema or sacred college, and succeeded in gaining the co-operation of the high civil and military dignitaries. In 1826, his design being ripe, and effective co-operation secured, the Sultan issued a decree for the formation of a new army to be organized on the European model. The Janizaries at once rose, but Mahmoud was prepared. The sacred standard of the Prophet was unfurled. The Janizaries were denounced as enemies to the state, and all citizens enjoined to assist in their extermination. From every garrison on the Bosphorus, the Sultan's new arti...

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