Titolo: Cellular Design for Laser Freeform ...
Casa editrice: Cuvillier Verlag Mrz 2010
Data di pubblicazione: 2010
Condizione libro: Neu
Neuware - Cellular materials are spread all across the world. They can be found in nature, e.g. in bone and wood, as well as in engineering applications such as honeycomb sheets and aluminum foams to name but a few. Cellular materials have some unique properties which allow new and innovative applications beyond the scope of solid engineering materials. Especially their low density and therefore their outstanding stiffness-to-weight-ratio is of greatest importance in most applications. Functions of cellular materials could be lightweight structures of high stiffness, damping and absorption of mechanical energy, vibration control, acoustic absorption, heat exchange, filtering and numerous other tasks. Generally, a combination of these tasks in one part exhibits an optimized and therefore innovative overall performance. One recent development in production technologies is the field of Laser Freeform Fabrication (LFF) processes where parts are manufactured by application of thin layers of powder or sometimes liquid material. A laser beam melts and solidifies the material along contour lines and hatch areas according to slices of a corresponding 3D-CAD model. Among these processes the Selective Laser Melting (SLM) technology was advanced based upon the work in this thesis to allow the manufacture of periodic, open-cell lattice structures from engineering materials such as stainless steel, titanium, etc. In contrast to other cellular materials these lattice structures can be of well-defined, nearly arbitrary shape. Due to the layerwise fabrication the SLM process is also capable of creating lattice cores surrounded by solid shells allowing new degrees of geometric freedom in engineering design that was never experienced before in conventional machining. This allows the development of interesting new applications such as medical implants where the main issues are the improvement of osseointegration and realization of physioelastic material properties for an optimized bond between the implant and surrounding tissue. Lattice structures obtained from the SLM process can meet these requirements. This thesis contributes to the understanding of the mechanical properties of the new material class of SLM lattice structures. Their future incorporation in engineering designs requires a profound knowledge of failure mechanisms and operational limits. Therefore, a comprehensive summary is given on the state-of-the-art of cellular materials followed by a dedicated analysis on Laser Freeform Fabrication and an in-depth validation of the Selective Laser Melting capabilities. Readers with advanced knowledge on cellular materials or Laser Freeform Fabrication may skip sections 2 or 3, respectively. Next, all process constraints and boundary conditions for the manufacture of SLM lattice structures are elaborated. Then a bilateral approach was chosen to derive scaling laws and optimize the SLM lattice structures for given tasks. Firstly, a theoretical analysis comprises the examination of structural hypotheses for isotropic cellular materials before a generalized theory is developed for anisotropic SLM lattice structures. Different cubic, polyhedral and rhombic cell types are evaluated towards their producibility. Some of these cell types are preselected and are subject to numerical analysis where their mechanical properties are derived on the basis of the space framework theory. Secondly, an extensive experimental evaluation of test specimens is given. This includes examinations of the properties of SLM solids, the producibility of SLM lattice structures in terms of dimensions and testing of their mechanical properties such as strength and elasticity in compression, tension and shear load. The test procedures are divided in three stages. The first stage comprises the examination of the specific strength in dependence of the cell type to narrow down few optimum cell types for different applications. In the second and third stage these cell types are i. Codice inventario libreria 9783869552736
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