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Riassunto: From the foreword: "For centuries, attacks on maritime commerce have been consistent features of war at sea. At the same time, a fundamental raison d’être of navies has been the protection of maritime trade against such attacks. From ancient times, piracy has been an issue at sea, and a long tradition of private men-of-war lasted into the mid-nineteenth century.After 1690, the French navy put into practice a concept of guerre de course as an alterna-tive to fleet battle, or guerre d’escadre, as a means of dealing with the superior power of Britain’s Royal Navy. In the 1870s and 1880s a group of naval thinkers in France, labeled the Jeune École, promoted ideas of commerce raiding with high-speed torpedo boats. Other naval theorists—including Alfred Thayer Mahan in the United States, Sir Julian Corbett in Britain, and Raoul Castex in France—concluded from their analyses of his-tory that such commerce warfare was an indecisive method of waging war by relatively weak powers, an approach that was not as effective as one focusing primarily on the victory of one battle fleet over another. During the two world wars of the twentieth century submarine attacks on maritime trade were extremely effective, leading the great American naval thinker J. C. Wylie to define two different types of strategy: a sequential strategy that leads from one action to another, and a cumulative strategy, such as one involving attrition of merchant shipping in commerce warfare.Some commentators have argued that in the modern globalized economy, no state would find any advantage in attacking a global interconnected maritime trade that has benefit for all. Yet, as one prescient observer of this subject noted recently, “unlikely threats and outdated practices rear their ugly heads when the situation favors them” (Douglas C. Peifer, “Maritime Commerce Warfare: The Coercive Response of the Weak?,” Naval War College Review 66, no. 2 [Spring 2013], pp. 83–109, quote at p. 84).A consideration of the range of historical case studies in this volume provides an opportunity to reflect on the ways in which old and long-forgotten problems might reemerge to challenge future naval planners and strategists".
About the Author:
Bruce Elleman: Research Professor, Maritime History Department, U.S. Naval War College, with an MA (1984) and PhD (1993) from the History Department, Columbia University; MS (1985) in international history, London School of Economics; and MA in national security and strategic studies, with distinction (2004), U.S. Naval War College. Recent books include Modern Chinese Warfare: 1795–1989 (New York: Routledge, 2001); Naval Mutinies of the Twentieth Century: An International Perspective, edited, with Christopher Bell (London: Frank Cass, 2003); Naval Blockades and Seapower: Strategies and Counter-strategies, 1805–2005, edited, with S. C. M. Paine (London: Routledge, 2006); Waves of Hope: The U.S. Navy’s Response to the Tsunami in Northern Indonesia, Newport Paper 28 (Newport, R.I.: Naval War College Press, 2007); and Naval Coalition Warfare: From the Napoleonic War to Operation Iraqi Freedom, edited, with Sarah Paine (London: Routledge, 2008).
S.C.M. Paine: Professor in the Strategy and Policy Department, U.S. Naval War College, with the Ph.D. (1993) in Russian and Chinese History, Columbia University, and M.I.A. (1984) from School for International and Public Affairs, Columbia University. Author of The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895: Perceptions, Power, and Primacy. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003); Imperial Rivals: China, Russia, and Their Disputed Frontier, 1858-1924. (Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1996), winner of the 1997 Barbara Jelavich Prize for diplomatic history from the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies (AAASS). Editor of Nation Building, State Building, and Economic Development: Case Studies and Comparisons (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2010) and co-author with Bruce A. Elleman of Modern China: Continuity and Change 1644 to the Present (Upper Saddle, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2010).
Condizione libro: Used
Descrizione libro CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2013. Paperback. Condizione libro: Brand New. 352 pages. 9.61x6.69x0.80 inches. This item is printed on demand. Codice libro della libreria zk1493639072