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Opium addiction in China during the closing decades of the Ch'ing dynasty afflicted all segments of society. From government officials to farmers, the population fell prey to the effects of the drug. Some provinces reported addiction rates as high as eighty percent.
With the birth of Chinese nationalism, reformers -- missionaries who had witnessed the effects of opium on Chinese society, students who had studied abroad and returned to their native land with broader perspectives, families who had lost all through the addiction of a loved one, doctors who had firsthand knowledge that opium use led only to death -- cried out against the drug.
Even though many were convinced that opium use had sapped the strength of China, ending the use of the drug was a complicated problem. Opium trade financed the colonial government of India, and imports amounted to many tons annually. Domestic poppies were also cultivated as source of income.
Kathleen Lodwick examines the intersecting efforts of Protestant missionaries, particularly medical doctors, who had long denounced opium use, the British Royal Commission on Opium, which was decidedly pro-opium, the U.S. Philippine Commission, which denounced not only the trade but the Chinese people, and the British officials who finally undertook the task of ending the importation of opium to China.
China kept few records on the amount of drug use or its effects. Missionary medical doctors conducted the first scientific survey on the effects of the drug, and their findings provided clear evidence of its perniciousness. Such evidence could not be ignored, whatever the fortunes involved, and missionaries conducted a campaign of education and awareness in China and abroad. As a result of their efforts, China and Britain entered into a treaty that called for all opium trade to cease by 1917, and both governments as well as the missionaries become immediately active toward that end. The suppression campaign was among the most successful of the late Ch'ing reforms.
Lodwick tells a fascinating story of imperial exploitation and of a strain of honest crusaders who sought to right some of the wrongs their own nation was perpetrating. This book represents a strong argument against legalization of addictive drugs, a topic being discussed today in the United States as a solution to the societal problems our own drug use has caused.
About the Author:
Kathleen L. Lodwick, professor of history at Pennsylvania State University, is author of Educating the Women of Hainan.
Condizione libro: Used
Descrizione libro University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, 1996. Hardcover. Condizione libro: Very Good. Ex-library from an academic library with the usual stickers and stamps. Light shelf wear. Tightly bound with no other interior markings. No dust jacket. Codice libro della libreria PASTPAGE085497I
Descrizione libro University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.A., 1996. Cloth. Condizione libro: Near Fine. Condizione sovraccoperta: Near Fine. 218 pages including index. A detailed look at the effects of opium use on the Chinese population in the late 19th century, including efforts at reform and the conflicting interests of those pro-opium (the Indian government the British Royal Commission on Opium) and the various missionaries and US interests opposed to opium. NEAR FINE with a hint of wear to the jacket and book. Codice libro della libreria 005763
Descrizione libro The University Press of Kentucky, 1995. Hardcover. Condizione libro: Used: Very Good. Codice libro della libreria SONG0813119243
Descrizione libro Univ Pr of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.A., 1996. Hard Cover. Condizione libro: Very Good. Condizione sovraccoperta: Very Good. 218 pages. Size: Size E: 8"-9" Tall (203-228mm). Codice libro della libreria 87074
Descrizione libro The University Press of Kentucky, 1995. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria DADAX0813119243
Descrizione libro The University Press of Kentucky, 1995. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. book. Codice libro della libreria 0813119243
Descrizione libro Condizione libro: Good. Crusaders Against Opium: Protestant Missionaries in China, 1874-1917. Codice libro della libreria Grb0912597
Descrizione libro Univ Pr of Kentucky, 1995. Hardcover. Condizione libro: Brand New. 218 pages. 9.00x6.00x1.00 inches. In Stock. Codice libro della libreria 0813119243