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PVC Degradation and Stabilization

Wypych, George

Editore: ChemTec Publishing, 2008
ISBN 10: 1895198399 / ISBN 13: 9781895198393
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Titolo: PVC Degradation and Stabilization

Casa editrice: ChemTec Publishing

Data di pubblicazione: 2008

Condizione libro: New

Descrizione:

Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: 1 Chemical Structure of PVC 1.1 Repeat structures and their basic organic chemistry 1.1.1 Bronsted acid source with controllable emission 1.2 Molecular weight and its distribution 1.2.1 Kuhn-Mark-Houwink-Sakurada 1.2.2 Fikentscher K number 1.2.3 Chain length 1.3 Prediction of formation of irregular segments 1.3.1 Ab initio 1.3.2 Monte Carlo 1.4 Irregular segments 1.4.1 Branches 1.4.2 Tertiary chlorine 1.4.3 Unsaturations 1.4.4 Oxygen containing groups 1.4.4.1 Ketochloroallyl groups 1.4.4.2 a- and b-carbonyl groups 1.4.5 Head-to-head structures 1.4.5 Initiator rests 1.4.6 Transfer agent rests 1.4.8 Defects introduced during processing 1.4.9 PVC having increased stability References 2 PVC Manufacture Technology 2.1 Monomer 2.2 Basic Steps of Radical Polymerization 2.2.1 Initiation 2.2.2 Propagation 2.2.3 Termination 2.2.4 Chain transfer to monomer 2.3 Polymerization technology 2.3.1 Suspension 2.3.2 Paste resin manufacturing processes 2.3.3 Bulk 2.3.4 Solution 2.4 Polymerization conditions and PVC properties References 3 PVC Morphology 3.1. Molecular weight of polymer (chain length) 3.2. Configuration and conformation 3.3. Chain folds 3.4. Chain thickness 3.5 Entanglements 3.6 Crystalline structure 3.7 Grain morphology 3.7.1 Stages of morphology development during manufacture 3.7.1.1 Suspension polymerization 3.7.1.2 Paste grades manufacture 3.7.1.3 Bulk polymerization 3.7.2 Effect of morphology on degradation References 4 Principles of Thermal Degradation 4.1 The reasons for polymer instability 4.1.1 Structural defects 4.1.1.1 Branches 4.1.1.2 Tertiary chlorine 4.1.1.3 Unstaturations 4.1.1.4 Oxygen containing groups 4.1.1.5 Head-to-head structures 4.1.1.6 Morphology 4.1.2 Polymerization residue 4.1.2.1 Initiator rests 4.1.2.2 Transfer agent rests 4.1.2.3 Polymerization additives 4.1.3 Metal derivatives 4.1.3.1 Metal chlorides 4.1.3.2 Copper and its oxide 4.1.4 Hydrogen chloride 14 4.1.5 Impurities 4.1.6 Shear 4.1.7 Temperature 4.1.8 Surrounding atmosphere 4.1.9 Additives 4.2 Mechanisms of thermal degradation 4.2.1 Molecular mechanism 4.2.2 Amer-Shapiro mechanism 4.2.3 Six-center concerted mechanism 4.2.4 Activation enthalpy 4.2.5 Radical-chain theory 4.2.6 Ionic 4.2.7 Polaron 4.2.8 Degenerated branching 4.2.9 Transition state theory 4.2.10 Recapitulation 4.3 Kinetics 4.3.1 Initiation 4.3.2 Propagation 4.3.3 Termination 4.4 Results of thermal degradation 4.4.1 Volatiles 4.4.2 Weight loss 4.4.3 Char formation 4.4.4 Ash content 4.4.5 Thermal lifetime 4.4.6 Optical properties 4.4.6.1 Color change 4.4.6.2 Extinction coefficient 4.4.6.3 Absorbance 4.4.7 Molecular weight 4.4.8 Mechanical properties 4.4.9 Electric properties 4.5 Effect of additives 4.5.1 Blend polymers 4.5.1.1 ABS 4.5.1.2 Chlorinated polyethylene, CPE 4.5.1.3 Epoxidized butadiene/styrene block copolym. Codice inventario libreria ABE_book_new_1895198399

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