Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: Preface Acknowledgements 1. Contemporary Essentialism and Real Essentialism Against modalism Reductionism: the illusory search for inner constitution Why real essentialism? 2. Some Varieties of Anti-Essentialism Empiricist anti-essentialism Quinean animadversions Popper: avoiding What-is?' questions Wittgenstein: the shadow of grammar 3. The Reality and Knowability of Essence 3.1 Why essences are real 3.2 The problem' of the universal accidental 3.3 An empirical test for essence? 3.4 Coming to know essence 3.5 Paradigms', stereotypes', and classification 4. The Structure of Essence 4.1 Hylemorphism: act and potency 4.2 Substantial Form 4.3 Prime Matter 4.4 Substance 4.5 The immanence of essence 5. Essence and Identity 5.1 Real definition and the true law of identity 5.2 The Porphyrian Tree 5.3 The Analogy of Being 5.4 Individuation 5.5 Identity over time 6. Essence and Existence 6.1 The real distinction in contingent beings 6.2 Everything is contingentalmost 6.3 Powers 6.4 Laws of nature 7. Aspects of Essence 7.1 Kinds of accident 7.2 The nature of properties 7.3 Knowledge of essence via properties 7.4 Artefacts 7.5 Origin and constitution 8. Life 8.1 The essence of life 8.2 Kinds of organism 8.3 Against emergence 9. Species, Biological and Metaphysical 9.1 Is biological essentialism dead? 9.2 Against the cladistic species concept 9.3 Vagueness 9.4 A plea for morphology 10. The Person 10.1 The essence of personhood 10.2 Hylemorphic dualism 10.3 Consciousness, psychology, and the person 10.4 Form, body, and soul 10.5 Soul, intellect, and immateriality 10.6 Soul, identity, and material dependence 10.7 Conclusion. Codice inventario libreria
Real Essentialism presents a comprehensive defence of neo-Aristotelian essentialism. Do objects have essences? Must they be the kinds of things they are in spite of the changes they undergo? Can we know what things are really like – can we define and classify reality? Many if not most philosophers doubt this, influenced by centuries of empiricism, and by the anti-essentialism of Wittgenstein, Quine, Popper, and other thinkers. Real Essentialism reinvigorates the tradition of realist, essentialist metaphysics, defending the reality and knowability of essence, the possibility of objective, immutable definition, and its relevance to contemporary scientific and metaphysical issues such as whether essence transcends physics and chemistry, the essence of life, the nature of biological species, and the nature of the person.
From the Author: Real Essentialism sets out a system of realist metaphysics in the Aristotelian tradition, applying it to fundamental metaphysical and scientific problems. First, the theory is contrasted with the contemporary essentialism of Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, and their followers, which is shown to be inadequate to the task of justifying real, objective, knowable essences. Next, the book criticizes the anti-essentialism of Locke, Quine, Wittgenstein, and Popper. After a further defence of the reality and knowability of essence, the system of real essentialism is laid out, beginning with a defence of hylemorphism - prime matter and substantial form as the foundation of essence. There follows an account of substance, classification, individuation, and identity. Essence and existence, powers, and laws of nature are then analyzed, followed by properties, artefacts, and origins. The book concludes by applying real essentialism in great depth to three central problems at the interface of science and metaphysics: the nature of life, the reality of biological species, and the essence of the person.
Real Essentialism has as its underlying idea the view that traditional metaphysics is relevant to contemporary philosophy and science. It is not an outmoded relic of pre-Enlightenment thinking, but a vital and reasonable way of solving perennial philosophical problems as well as many of the foundational and methodological questions thrown up by contemporary science. Hylemorphism, long discarded as an Aristotelian relic, is again brought to the forefront of metaphysical thinking. In particular, the doctrine of substantial forms, for centuries rejected outright by the overwhelming majority of philosophers, is rehabilitated. Hylemorphism may have been tossed aside, but for no good reason other than historical prejudice. Its critics can be answered, as can anti-essentialists in general. The system of Aristotelian taxonomy, never fully abandoned by scientists but long suspected of inadequacy, especially in biology, is defended in a way that has not been done for a long time. Real Essentialism puts traditional metaphysics back in its rightful place at the centre of philosophical and scientific thinking. It will be of interest to professional philosophers and scientists alike, especially those working in metaphysics and biology.
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Descrizione libro Routledge, 2007. HRD. Condizione libro: New. New Book.Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days.THIS BOOK IS PRINTED ON DEMAND. Established seller since 2000. Codice libro della libreria IP-9780415323642
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Descrizione libro Routledge, 2008. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria INGM9780415323642
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Descrizione libro Routledge, 2008. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. 1. Codice libro della libreria DADAX0415323649
Descrizione libro Routledge, 2008. Hardcover. Condizione libro: Brand New. 1st edition. 224 pages. 9.25x6.50x1.00 inches. In Stock. Codice libro della libreria __0415323649