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Riassunto: Science and technology in totalitarian regimes is readily associated with images of abusive doctors in concentration camps or dictators controlling genetic resources. But are these cases representative of what constitutes science in totalitarian regimes, or are they anomalies? Based on a synthesis and reinterpretation of recent work, this book presents a balanced view of science in Nazi Germany and Stalin's USSR by examining how politics and culture shaped their science and technology.
Josephson argues that a transformational vision was central to science in these regimes, distinguishing their research from that done under other political systems. In the Soviet Union, biology was to be used to revolutionize agriculture, create a "New Soviet Man," even to tame nature within one generation. In the Third Reich, biology was to secure agriculture self-sufficiency as well as create a nation of pure Aryan gods.
The reception of relativity theory and quantum mechanics suggests that the idealization of science resulted in extrascientific forces coming into play to determine what was "good" and what was "bad" science, eventually leading to the ostracism of physicists who embraced the new physics. In both Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, scientists lost their jobs, were arrested, even killed for their scientific beliefs.
In the field of technology, Josephson investigates the role of the state as the prime mover in technological development and the aesthetic of gigantomania acquired by large-scale technologies in totalitarian states: gigantic structures reflecting the efforts of officials to publicly demonstrate the strength, glory, and legitimacy of the regime.
L'autore: Paul Josephson is the author of five other books, including Resources Under Regimes, Industrialized Nature, Red Atom, and New Atlantis Revisited: The Siberian City of Science.
Condizione libro: New
Descrizione libro Prometheus Books, 1996. Condizione libro: Fair. N/A. Shows definite wear, and perhaps considerable marking on inside. Codice libro della libreria GRP35287091
Descrizione libro HUMANITY BOOKS. Paperback. Condizione libro: Good. Dust Cover Missing. Book has some visible wear on the binding, cover, pages. Codice libro della libreria G1573925527I3N01
Descrizione libro Condizione libro: Acceptable. May have some shelf-wear due to normal use. All pages are intact. Pages may include notes and highlighting. Codice libro della libreria 0KVBKD001OKJ
Descrizione libro Prometheus Books, 1996. Paperback. Condizione libro: Used: Acceptable. Codice libro della libreria SONG1573925527
Descrizione libro Humanity Books, 1996. Paperback. Condizione libro: Very Good. A nice, clean copy. ; Control of Nature; 123 pages. Codice libro della libreria 109485
Descrizione libro Condizione libro: Good. Book Condition: Good. Codice libro della libreria 97815739255254.0
Descrizione libro Condizione libro: Good. Totalitarian Science and Technology (Control of Nature). Codice libro della libreria Grb0842509
Descrizione libro Soft cover. Condizione libro: New. NEW COPY, shipped from the UK within 1 working day. Codice libro della libreria 016/RG/235P
Descrizione libro Condizione libro: Very Good. Book Condition: Very Good. Codice libro della libreria 97815739255253.0
Descrizione libro Humanity Books, 1996. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. 2nd. Codice libro della libreria DADAX1573925527