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Wang has become: learning to read Plato Notes(Chinese Edition)

LIU XIAO FENG ZHU

ISBN 10: 7208132801 / ISBN 13: 9787208132801
Nuovi Condizione: New Rilegato
Da liu xing (JiangSu, JS, Cina)

Libreria AbeBooks dal 7 aprile 2009

Quantità: 5

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HardCover. Pub Date: 2015-10-01 Pages: 256 Language: Chinese Publisher: Shanghai People's Publishing House. the king has to: learning to read Plato notes. Professor Liu Xiaofeng income recent years several articles made learning to read Plato notes. in reading Plato little experience under the guidance of Strauss lecture draft. Professor Liu Xiaofeng re-read a number of articles of Plato Greek Texts. based on the retranslation personally. for some of the classic history of the ideological iss. Codice inventario libreria CX012411

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Titolo: Wang has become: learning to read Plato ...

Legatura: Hardcover

Condizione libro:New

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《王有所成:习读柏拉图札记》收入刘小枫教授晚近几年所作数篇习读柏拉图的札记,是在施特劳斯讲课稿的指引下阅读柏拉图的一点心得。刘小枫教授重新识读了柏拉图的数篇希腊文原典,在亲自重译的基础上,对思想史上的一些经典议题提出了自己的独到理解。重点涉及的篇章包括《克力同》《理想国》《会饮》《普罗塔戈拉》等。刘小枫教授全新作品,综汇多年习读柏拉图之体悟哲人苏格拉底之死首先是一个历史的政治事件,然后才是一个思想史事件。由于柏拉图和色诺芬的传世作品对这一事件的记叙,苏格拉底之死是西方历代思想者一直得面对的基本问题。然而,无论柏拉图还是色诺芬,都不是如今意义上的"史学家"。他们通过记叙苏格拉底之死来呈示属于哲人的基本问题,毕竟,仅仅陈述历史事件并不意味着理解事件。如果当今的史学家要重写苏格拉底之死,与柏拉图和色诺芬攀比的不可能是所谓史料,而仅仅是理解能力--苏格拉底之死考验的始终是后世之人对苏格拉底事件的理解能力。我们要对自己的理解能力有所认识,首先需要认识柏拉图和色诺芬对苏格拉底事件的理解所达到的精神高度。通过识读柏拉图在《克力同》中记叙的一段苏格拉底的临终谈话,本文力图探究我们与柏拉图在理解苏格拉底上的思想距离。一、苏格拉底面对民主的"不义"苏格拉底被雅典民主政制的公审法庭判处有罪,依据的是有人对他提出的两项指控:"不敬城邦神和败坏青年"。在《回忆苏格拉底》第一卷起头,色诺芬用两章篇幅分别驳斥这两项指控;驳斥"不敬城邦神"指控的第一章很短,驳斥"败坏青年"指控的第二章篇幅多两倍。色诺芬是这样结尾的:与那人控告他[苏格拉底]败坏青年相反,他明明是在引导同伴们离弃低劣的欲望,劝勉他们欲求最美好、最伟大的德性,凭靠这种德性才能治国和齐家。(卷一,2.64)色诺芬反驳了对苏格拉底败坏青年的指控,但没有否认苏格拉底劝勉青年追求治国齐家的德性--换言之,色诺芬没有否认苏格拉底搞政治。色诺芬承认,苏格拉底从事的教育是政治教育。苏格拉底并非要教育人民大众,而是仅仅教育少数人--教育他们懂得何谓"王者"的德性。用现在的话说,苏格拉底显得是要做"帝王师"。在法庭上为自己申辩时,苏格拉底承认自己的确在搞政治。他说,他觉得自己身属的城邦有如一匹高头大马,由于太大难免慵懒,需要一只牛虻来惊醒,于是忙碌奔波。但是,他始终只愿做一只私下的牛虻,从不肯置身公众之中,他知道民主的公众意味着什么(柏拉图:《苏格拉底的申辩》,30e1-31d1)。民主政制的法庭接受了有人对苏格拉底"败坏青年"的控罪,表明苏格拉底"私下"教育青年犯下的是政治罪。如今的我们以为,在有自由民主的地方不会有政治罪。柏拉图和色诺芬让我们看到,在民主的雅典仍然有政治罪,表明自由民主政制仍然有自己的政治敌人。在一个国家中,谁在教育青年始终是个政治问题。控告苏格拉底"败坏青年"的那些人,自己同样在通过教育搞政治。民主政治家一旦看到城邦的优秀青年被苏格拉底吸引,甚至自己的学生也被苏格拉底吸引过去,他们除了指控苏格拉底"败坏青年"别无他法。任何指控都有可能是诬告,控告变为定罪还需要法庭的裁定。苏格拉底被判刑,关键在于民主的法庭裁定对他的控罪成立,这等于裁定苏格拉底是民主政制的敌人。这个裁定显然会让后世所

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