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Strength of materials is that branch of engineering concerned with the deformation and disruption of solids when forces other than changes in position or equilibrium are acting upon them. The development of our understanding of the strength of materials has enabled engineers to establish the forces which can safely be imposed on structure or components, or to choose materials appropriate to the necessary dimensions of structures and components which have to withstand given loads without suffering effects deleterious to their proper functioning.
This excellent historical survey of the strength of materials with many references to the theories of elasticity and structures is based on an extensive series of lectures delivered by the author at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California. Timoshenko explores the early roots of the discipline from the great monuments and pyramids of ancient Egypt through the temples, roads, and fortifications of ancient Greece and Rome. The author fixes the formal beginning of the modern science of the strength of materials with the publications of Galileo's book, "Two Sciences," and traces the rise and development as well as industrial and commercial applications of the fledgling science from the seventeenth century through the twentieth century.
Timoshenko fleshes out the bare bones of mathematical theory with lucid demonstrations of important equations and brief biographies of highly influential mathematicians, including: Euler, Lagrange, Navier, Thomas Young, Saint-Venant, Franz Neumann, Maxwell, Kelvin, Rayleigh, Klein, Prandtl, and many others. These theories, equations, and biographies are further enhanced by clear discussions of the development of engineering and engineering education in Italy, France, Germany, England, and elsewhere. 245 figures.
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The father of modern engineering mechanics, Stephen Timoshenko (1868–1972) taught for decades at Stanford University. His seminal engineering texts remain in wide use.Contenuti:
Preface Introduction I. THE STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY 1. Galileo 2. Galileo's work on strength of materials 3. Organization of the national academies of science 4. Robert Hooke 5. Mariotte II. ELASTIC CURVES 6. The mathematicians Bernoulli 7. Euler 8. Euler's contribution to strength of materials 9. Lagrange III. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY 10. Engineering applications of strength of materials 11. Parent 12. Coulomb 13. Experimental study of the mechanical properties of structual materials in the eighteenth century 14. Theory of retaining walls in the eighteenth century 15. Theory of arches in the eighteenth century IV. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS BETWEEN 1800 AND 1833 16. L'Ecole Polytechnique 17. Navier 18. Navier's book on strength of materials 19. The experimental work of French engineers between 1800 and 1833 20. The theories of arches and suspension bridges between 1800 and 1833 21. Poncelet 22. Thomas Young 23. Strength of materials in England between 1800 and 1833 24. Other notable European contributions to strength of materials V. THE BEGINNING OF THE MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF ELASTICITY 25. Equations of equilibrium in the theory of elasticity 26. Cauchy 27. Poisson 28. G. Lamé and B. P. E. Clapeyron 29. The theory of plates VI. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS BETWEEN 1833 AND 1867 30. Fairbairn and Hodgkinson 31. The growth of German engineering schools 32. Saint-Venant's contributions to the theory of bending of beams 33. Jourawski's analysis of shearing stresses in beams 34. Continuous beams 35. Bresse 36. E. Winkler VII. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE EVOLUTION OF RAILWAY ENGINEERING 37. Tubular bridges 38. Early investigations on fatigue of metals 39. The work of Wöhler 40. Moving loads 41. Impact 42. The early stages in the theory of trusses 43. K. Culmann 44. W. J. Macquorn Rankine 45. J. C. Maxwell's contributions to the theory of structures 46. Problems of elastc stability. Column formulas 47. Theory of retaining walls and arches between 1833 and 1867 VIII. THE MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF ELASTICITY BETWEEN 1833 AND 1867 48. "The physical elasticity and "the elastic constant controversy" 49. Early work in elasticity at Cambridge University 50. Stokes 50a. Barré de Saint-Venant 51. The semi-inverse method 52. The later work of Saint-Venant 53. Duhamel and Phillips 54. Franz Neumann 55. G. R. Kirchoff 56. A. Clebsch 57. Lord Kelvin 58. James Clerk Maxwell IX. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE PERIOD 1867-1900 59. Mechanical Testing Laboratories 60. The work of O. Mohr 61. Strain energy and Castigliano's theorem 62. Elastic stability problems 63. August Föppl X. THEORY OF STRUCTURES IN THE PERIOD 1867-1900 64. Statistically determinate trusses 65. Deflection of trusses 66. Statically indeterminate trusses 67. Arches and retaining walls XI. THEORY OF ELASTICITY BETWEEN 1867 AND 1900 68. The work of Saint-Venant's pupils 69. Lord Rayleigh 70. Theory of elasticity in England between 1867 and 1900 71. Theory of elasticity in Germany between 1867 and 1900 71a. Solutions of two-dimensional problems between 1867 and 1900 XII. PROGRESS IN STRENGTH OF MATERIALS DURING THE TWENTIETH CENTURY 72. Properties of materials within the elastic limit 73. Fracture of brittle materials 74. Testing of ductile materials 75. Strength theories 76. Creep of metals at elevated temperatures 77. Fatigue of metals 78. Experimental stress analysis XIII. THEORY OF ELASTICITY DURING THE PERIOD 1900-1950 79. Felix Klein 80. Ludwig Prandtl 81. Approximate methods of solving elasticity problems 82. Three-dimensional problems of elasticity 83. Two-dimensional problems of elasticity 84. Bending of plates and shells 85. Elastic stability 86. Vibrations and impact XIV. THEORY OF STRUCTURES DURING THE PERIOD 1900-1950 87. New methods of solving statically indeterminate systems 88. Arches and suspension bridges 89. Stresses in railway tracks 90. Theory of ship structures Name Index Subject Index
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Descrizione libro Dover Publications, 1983. Paperback. Condizione: New. Codice articolo DADAX0486611876
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Descrizione libro Paperback. Condizione: New. New edition. Paperback. This excellent historical survey of the strength of materials features many references to the theories of elasticity and structure. Based on an extensive series of lectures, it explores th.Shipping may be from multiple locations in the US or from the UK, depending on stock availability. 480 pages. 0.490. Codice articolo 9780486611877
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