The International Cocoa Trade, Second Edition

Dand, Robin

Editore: CRC Press, 1999
ISBN 10: 0849322669 / ISBN 13: 9780849322662
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Riassunto: Over the past few years the cocoa market has had to modify how it operates. Continued low prices, fewer companies trading, and both the perceived and real element of del credere risks have brought about the change. Those that remain have had to return to the fundamentals of their business - knowing the needs of their clients and above all, knowing the commodity.
This affects everyone directly and indirectly involved in cocoa. In the past, exporters could rely on dealers sorting out some of their problems, and the factories off-loaded much of the risk of delivery onto the dealer. Current trading conditions make this more difficult.
People outside this chain now have larger roles in cocoa than in the past, in particular, the banks, but also the shipping companies and the warehouses. All those in the chain of trade, from the exporter, dealer, and broker through the factory must improve not only their understanding of the market but of the difficulties faced by others in the commodity.
The new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated. It reflects changes such as the effects of trade liberalization in cocoa, the use of vegetable fats in chocolate manufacture, and the increase in bulk cocoa. It provides the details of the new LIFFE contract, and the upcoming CAL and AFCC contracts.
The International Cocoa Trade helps all those involved in the industry. It supplies information about the cocoa trade and creates a better understanding about the industry as a whole. Starting with the history of European and North American development of cocoa, the book covers agronomics and marketing, actuals and futures markets, contracts, supply and demand, quality, and processing.

Dall'editore: History and origins - The beginning - Early production - Early consumption - Forastero cocoa and cocoa production since1840

1840

Agronomics - Classification - The cocoa tree - Climatic requirements - Soil - Methods of production - The plantation - Pruning - Nutrients - Diseases and pests - Harvesting and post-harvest practice

Production - Evolution of production - Recent trends : 1988/89-1997/98 - Factors affecting production - Smallholders and estates - Setting up - The historical perspective

The actuals market - Introduction - Export marketing - The other participants - The recent past

Physical contracts - Similarities of the contracts - Contract terms - Contract performance - Documents - Payments

Terminal markets - Introduction - Organisation of futures markets - Players - Trading techniques - Exchange for physicals against actuals - Options - Regulatory bodies - Conclusion

Consumption and stocks - The uses of cocoa - Measuring consumption - Factors affecting consumption - Stocks - The International Cocoa Organisation and theBuffer Stock

Buffer Stock - Conclusion

Quality assessment

of cocoa beans - Faults occurring in cocoa - Overall condition of the parcel - Sampling - The cut-test : Procedure, fault definitionand standards

and standards - Limitations of the cut-test and ideas on itsreplacement

replacement - Factors important to the butter presser - Factors important to the chocolate manufacturer - Fine and flavour cocoa - Achieving quality cocoa

Cocoa bean processing

and the manufacture of chocolate - Initial processing - Cocoa liquor or mass - Methods of cocoa butter and powder production - Cocoa butter - Cocoa powders - Chocolate production

Appendices - AFCC cocoa contracts - CAL cocoa contracts - CMAA cocoa contracts - Cocoa trade rules of the CSCE - Cocoa contract rules and trading procedurerules of the London Internaitonal Finanacial Futures Exchange (LIFFE)

rules of the London Internaitonal Finanacial Futures Exchange (LIFFE) - ICCO statistics of the world summary, productionand grindings

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Dati bibliografici

Titolo: The International Cocoa Trade, Second ...
Casa editrice: CRC Press
Data di pubblicazione: 1999
Condizione libro: very good

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Dand, Robin
Editore: CRC Press (1999)
ISBN 10: 0849322669 ISBN 13: 9780849322662
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Descrizione libro CRC Press, 1999. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. book. Codice libro della libreria 849322669

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Dand, Robin
Editore: CRC Press (1999)
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Descrizione libro CRC Press, 1999. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. book. Codice libro della libreria 0849322669

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Descrizione libro CRC Press, 1999. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. 2. Codice libro della libreria DADAX0849322669

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Descrizione libro CRC Press. Hardcover. Condizione libro: VERY GOOD. little to no wear, pages are clean. The cover and binding are crisp with next no creases. Codice libro della libreria 2749140993

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