The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

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9780199218493: The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

The Presidentialization of Politics shows that the politics of democratic societies is moving towards a presidentialized working mode, even in the absence of formal institutional changes. These developments can be explained by a combination of long-term structural changes in modern politics and societies' contingent factors which fluctuate over time. While these contingent, short-term factors relate to the personalities of office holders, the overall political agenda, and the majority situation in parliament, there are several structural factors which are relatively uniform across modern nations. First, the internationalization of modern politics (which is particularly pronounced within the European Union) has led to an 'executive bias' of the political process which has strengthened the role of political top elites vis-à-vis their parliamentary groups and/or their parties. Their predominance has been amplified further by the vastly expanded steering capacities of state machineries which have severely reduced the scope of effective parliamentary control. At the same time, the declining stability of political alignments has increased the proportion of citizens whose voting decisions are not constrained by long-standing party loyalties. In conjunction with the mediatization of politics, this has increased the capacity of political leaders to by-pass their party machines and to appeal directly to voters.
As a result, three interrelated processes have led to a political process increasingly moulded by the inherent logic of presidentialism: increasing leadership power and autonomy within the political executive; increasing leadership power and autonomy within political parties; and increasingly leadership-centred electoral processes.
The book presents evidence for this process of presidentialization for 14 modern democracies (including the US and Canada). While there are substantial cross-national differences, the overall thesis holds: modern democracies are increasingly following a presidential logic of governance through which leadership is becoming more central and more powerful, but also increasingly dependent on successful immediate appeal to the mass public. Implications for democratic theory are considered.

Le informazioni nella sezione "Riassunto" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

L'autore:

Thomas Poguntke is a Professor of Political Science, Keele University. Paul Webb is a Professor of Politics, University of Sussex.

Contenuti:

  • 1: Thomas Poguntke and Paul Webb: The Presidentialization of Politics in Democratic Societies: A Framework for Analysis The Presidentialization of Democracy in Democratic Societies
  • 2: Richard Heffernan and Paul Webb: The British Prime Minister: Much More Than 'First Among Equals'
  • 3: Thomas Poguntke: A Presidentializing Party State? The Federal Republic of Germany
  • 4: Mauro Calise: Presidentialization, Italian Style
  • 5: Ingrid van Biezen and Jonathan Hopkin: The Presidentialization of Spanish Democracy: Sources of Prime Ministerial Power in Post-Franco Spain
  • 6: Stefaan Fiers and Andre´ Krouwel: The Low Countries: From 'Prime Minister' to President-Minister
  • 7: Karina Pedersen and Tim Knudsen: Denmark: Presidentialization in a Consensual Democracy
  • 8: Nicholas Aylott: 'President Persson' How Did Sweden Get Him?
  • 9: Herman Bakvis and Steven B. Wolinetz: Canada: Executive Dominance and Presidentialization
  • 10: Ben Clift: Dyarchic Presidentialization in a Presidentialized Polity: The French Fifth Republic
  • 11: Heikki Paloheimo: Finland: Let the Force Be with the Leader. But Who Is the Leader?
  • 12: Marina Costa Lobo: The Presidentialization of Portuguese Democracy?
  • 13: Reuven Y. Hazan: The Failure of Presidential Parliamentarism: Constitutional versus Structural Presidentialization in Israel's Parliamentary Democracy
  • 14: Sergio Fabbrini: The Semi-Sovereign American Prince: The Dilemma of an Independent President in a Presidential Government
  • 15: Paul Webb and Thomas Poguntke: The Presidentialization of Contemporary Democratic Politics: Evidence, Causes, and Consequences
  • Index

Le informazioni nella sezione "Su questo libro" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

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Editore: Oxford University Press, United Kingdom (2007)
ISBN 10: 0199218498 ISBN 13: 9780199218493
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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, 2007. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Revised ed.. 230 x 154 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****.The Presidentialization of Politics shows that the politics of democratic societies is moving towards a presidentialized working mode, even in the absence of formal institutional changes. These developments can be explained by a combination of long-term structural changes in modern politics and societies contingent factors which fluctuate over time. While these contingent, short-term factors relate to the personalities of office holders, the overall political agenda, and the majority situation in parliament, there are several structural factors which are relatively uniform across modern nations. First, the internationalization of modern politics (which is particularly pronounced within the European Union) has led to an executive bias of the political process which has strengthened the role of political top elites vis-a-vis their parliamentary groups and/or their parties. Their predominance has been amplified further by the vastly expanded steering capacities of state machineries which have severely reduced the scope of effective parliamentary control. At the same time, the declining stability of political alignments has increased the proportion of citizens whose voting decisions are not constrained by long-standing party loyalties. In conjunction with the mediatization of politics, this has increased the capacity of political leaders to by-pass their party machines and to appeal directly to voters. As a result, three interrelated processes have led to a political process increasingly moulded by the inherent logic of presidentialism: increasing leadership power and autonomy within the political executive; increasing leadership power and autonomy within political parties; and increasingly leadership-centred electoral processes. The book presents evidence for this process of presidentialization for 14 modern democracies (including the US and Canada). While there are substantial cross-national differences, the overall thesis holds: modern democracies are increasingly following a presidential logic of governance through which leadership is becoming more central and more powerful, but also increasingly dependent on successful immediate appeal to the mass public. Implications for democratic theory are considered. Codice libro della libreria AAV9780199218493

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Editore: Oxford University Press, United Kingdom (2007)
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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, 2007. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Revised ed.. 230 x 154 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****. The Presidentialization of Politics shows that the politics of democratic societies is moving towards a presidentialized working mode, even in the absence of formal institutional changes. These developments can be explained by a combination of long-term structural changes in modern politics and societies contingent factors which fluctuate over time. While these contingent, short-term factors relate to the personalities of office holders, the overall political agenda, and the majority situation in parliament, there are several structural factors which are relatively uniform across modern nations. First, the internationalization of modern politics (which is particularly pronounced within the European Union) has led to an executive bias of the political process which has strengthened the role of political top elites vis-a-vis their parliamentary groups and/or their parties. Their predominance has been amplified further by the vastly expanded steering capacities of state machineries which have severely reduced the scope of effective parliamentary control. At the same time, the declining stability of political alignments has increased the proportion of citizens whose voting decisions are not constrained by long-standing party loyalties. In conjunction with the mediatization of politics, this has increased the capacity of political leaders to by-pass their party machines and to appeal directly to voters. As a result, three interrelated processes have led to a political process increasingly moulded by the inherent logic of presidentialism: increasing leadership power and autonomy within the political executive; increasing leadership power and autonomy within political parties; and increasingly leadership-centred electoral processes. The book presents evidence for this process of presidentialization for 14 modern democracies (including the US and Canada). While there are substantial cross-national differences, the overall thesis holds: modern democracies are increasingly following a presidential logic of governance through which leadership is becoming more central and more powerful, but also increasingly dependent on successful immediate appeal to the mass public. Implications for democratic theory are considered. Codice libro della libreria AAV9780199218493

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Descrizione libro OUP Oxford. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Paperback. 384 pages. Dimensions: 9.1in. x 6.1in. x 1.0in.The Presidentialization of Politics shows that the politics of democratic societies is moving towards a presidentialized working mode, even in the absence of formal institutional changes. These developments can be explained by a combination of long-term structural changes in modern politics and societies contingent factors which fluctuate over time. While these contingent, short-term factors relate to the personalities of office holders, the overall political agenda, and the majority situation in parliament, there are several structural factors which are relatively uniform across modern nations. First, the internationalization of modern politics (which is particularly pronounced within the European Union) has led to an executive bias of the political process which has strengthened the role of political top elites vis--vis their parliamentary groups andor their parties. Their predominance has been amplified further by the vastly expanded steering capacities of state machineries which have severely reduced the scope of effective parliamentary control. At the same time, the declining stability of political alignments has increased the proportion of citizens whose voting decisions are not constrained by long-standing party loyalties. In conjunction with the mediatization of politics, this has increased the capacity of political leaders to by-pass their party machines and to appeal directly to voters. As a result, three interrelated processes have led to a political process increasingly moulded by the inherent logic of presidentialism: increasing leadership power and autonomy within the political executive; increasing leadership power and autonomy within political parties; and increasingly leadership-centred electoral processes. The book presents evidence for this process of presidentialization for 14 modern democracies (including the US and Canada). While there are substantial cross-national differences, the overall thesis holds: modern democracies are increasingly following a presidential logic of governance through which leadership is becoming more central and more powerful, but also increasingly dependent on successful immediate appeal to the mass public. Implications for democratic theory are considered. This item ships from multiple locations. Your book may arrive from Roseburg,OR, La Vergne,TN. Paperback. Codice libro della libreria 9780199218493

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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, 2017. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. This item is printed on demand. Codice libro della libreria 0199218498

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Thomas Poguntke (Editor), Paul Webb (Editor)
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Descrizione libro Oxford University Press, USA, 2007. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. New edition. Codice libro della libreria DADAX0199218498

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