# Introduction to Logic

## Suppes, Patrick

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Coherent, well-organized text familiarizes readers with complete theory of logical inference and its applications to math and the empirical sciences. Part I deals with formal principles of inference and definition. Part II explores elementary intuitive set theory, with separate chapters on sets, relations, and functions. Last section introduces numerous examples of axiomatically formulated theories.

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PREFACE INTRODUCTION PART I-PRINCIPLES OF INFERENCE AND DEFINITION 1. THE SENTENTIAL CONNECTIVES 1.1 Negation and Conjunction 1.2 Disjunction 1.3 Implication: Conditional Sentences 1.4 Equivalence: Biconditional Sentences 1.5 Grouping and Parentheses 1.6 Truth Tables and Tautologies 1.7 Tautological Implication and Equivalence 2. SENTENTIAL THEORY OF INFERENCE 2.1 Two Major Criteria of Inference and Sentential Interpretations 2.2 The Three Sentential Rules of Derivation 2.3 Some Useful Tautological Implications 2.4 Consistency of Premises and Indirect Proofs 3. SYMBOLIZING EVERYDAY LANGUAGE 3.1 Grammar and Logic 3.2 Terms 3.3 Predicates 3.4 Quantifiers 3.5 Bound and Free Variables 3.6 A Final Example 4. GENERAL THEORY OF INFERENCE 4.1 Inference Involving Only Universal Quantifiers 4.2 Interpretations and Validity 4.3 Restricted Inferences with Existential Quantifiers 4.4 Interchange of Quantifiers 4.5 General Inferences 4.6 Summary of Rules of Inference 5. FURTHER RULES OF INFERENCE 5.1 Logic of Identity 5.2 Theorems of Logic 5.3 Derived Rules of Inference 6. POSTSCRIPT ON USE AND MENTION 6.1 Names and Things Named 6.2 Problems of Sentential Variables 6.3 Juxtaposition of Names 7. TRANSITION FROM FORMAL TO INFORMAL PROOFS 7.1 General Considerations 7.2 Basic Number Axioms 7.3 Comparative Examples of Formal Derivations and Informal Proofs 7.4 Examples of Fallacious Informal Proofs 7.5 Further Examples of Informal Proofs 8. THEORY OF DEFINITION 8.1 Traditional Ideas 8.2 Criteria for Proper Definitions 8.3 Rules for Proper Definitions 8.4 Definitions Which are Identities 8.5 The Problem of Divison by Zero 8.6 Conditional Definitions 8.7 Five Approaches to Division by Zero 8.8 Padoa's Principle and Independence of Primitive Symbols PART II-ELEMENTARY INTUITIVE SET THEORY 9. SETS 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Membership 9.3 Inclusion 9.4 The Empty Set 9.5 Operations on Sets 9.6 Domains of Individuals 9.7 Translating Everyday Language 9.8 Venn Diagrams 9.9 Elementary Principles About Operations on Sets 10. RELATIONS 10.1 Ordered Couples 10.2 Definition of Relations 10.3 Properties of Binary Relations 10.4 Equivalence Relations 10.5 Ordering Relations 10.6 Operations on Relations 11. FUNCTIONS 11.1 Definition 11.2 Operations on Functions 11.3 Church's Lambda Notation 12. SET-THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE AXIOMATIC METHOD 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Set-Theoretical Predicates and Axiomatizations of Theories 12.3 Ismorphism of Models for a Theory 12.4 Example: Profitability 12.5 Example: Mechanics INDEX

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## 1.Introduction to Logic (Paperback)

Editore: Dover Publications Inc., United States (2003)
ISBN 10: 0486406873 ISBN 13: 9780486406879
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Descrizione libro Dover Publications Inc., United States, 2003. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. 211 x 135 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. This well-organized book was designed to introduce students to a way of thinking that encourages precision and accuracy. As the text for a course in modern logic, it familiarizes readers with a complete theory of logical inference and its specific applications to mathematics and the empirical sciences. Part I deals with formal principles of inference and definition, including a detailed attempt to relate the formal theory of inference to the standard informal proofs common throughout mathematics. An in-depth exploration of elementary intuitive set theory constitutes Part II, with separate chapters on sets, relations, and functions. The final section deals with the set-theoretical foundations of the axiomatic method and contains, in both the discussion and exercises, numerous examples of axiomatically formulated theories. Topics range from the theory of groups and the algebra of the real numbers to elementary probability theory, classical particle mechanics, and the theory of measurement of sensation intensities. Ideally suited for undergraduate courses, this text requires no background in mathematics or philosophy. Codice libro della libreria AA99780486406879

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## 2.Introduction to Logic

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Descrizione libro Dover Pubns, 1999. PAP. Condizione libro: New. New Book. Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. Established seller since 2000. Codice libro della libreria V0-9780486406879

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## 3.Introduction to Logic (Paperback)

Editore: Dover Publications Inc., United States (2003)
ISBN 10: 0486406873 ISBN 13: 9780486406879
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 1
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Descrizione libro Dover Publications Inc., United States, 2003. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. 211 x 135 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. This well-organized book was designed to introduce students to a way of thinking that encourages precision and accuracy. As the text for a course in modern logic, it familiarizes readers with a complete theory of logical inference and its specific applications to mathematics and the empirical sciences. Part I deals with formal principles of inference and definition, including a detailed attempt to relate the formal theory of inference to the standard informal proofs common throughout mathematics. An in-depth exploration of elementary intuitive set theory constitutes Part II, with separate chapters on sets, relations, and functions. The final section deals with the set-theoretical foundations of the axiomatic method and contains, in both the discussion and exercises, numerous examples of axiomatically formulated theories. Topics range from the theory of groups and the algebra of the real numbers to elementary probability theory, classical particle mechanics, and the theory of measurement of sensation intensities. Ideally suited for undergraduate courses, this text requires no background in mathematics or philosophy. Codice libro della libreria AA99780486406879

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## 4.Introduction to Logic Format: Trade Paper

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Descrizione libro Dover Publications Inc., 2003. PAP. Condizione libro: New. New Book.Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. Established seller since 2000. Codice libro della libreria IB-9780486406879

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## 7.Introduction to Logic

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Descrizione libro Dover Publications Inc. Paperback. Condizione libro: new. BRAND NEW, Introduction to Logic, Patrick Suppes. Codice libro della libreria B9780486406879

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## 8.Introduction to Logic

Editore: Dover Publications Inc. 2003-03-28 (2003)
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Descrizione libro Dover Publications Inc. 2003-03-28, 2003. Condizione libro: New. Brand new book, sourced directly from publisher. Dispatch time is 24-48 hours from our warehouse. Book will be sent in robust, secure packaging to ensure it reaches you securely. Codice libro della libreria NU-ING-00031816

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## 9.Introduction to Logic (Dover Books on Mathematics)

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Descrizione libro Dover Publications. PAPERBACK. Condizione libro: New. 0486406873 Brand New Book. Ships from the United States. 30 Day Satisfaction Guarantee!. Codice libro della libreria 13988965

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## 10.Introduction to Logic (Dover Books on Mathematics)

Editore: Dover Publications (1999)
ISBN 10: 0486406873 ISBN 13: 9780486406879
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Descrizione libro Dover Publications, 1999. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria 0486406873

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