CVS, the Concurrent Versions System, is the popular source-code management tool that frees developers from the chaos that too often ensues when multiple users work on the same file. An open source technology that is available on most computer platforms, including Windows® and Mac OS® X, CVS is widely used to manage program code, web site content, and to track changes made to system configuration files. Multiple users can check out files from a directory tree, make changes, and then commit those changes back into the directory. If two developers modify the same file, CVS enables both sets of changes to be merged together into one final file. Although CVS is a lifesaver in many development scenarios, it suffers from poor documentation. But with Essential CVS, developers can have it all: the order that CVS brings and the comprehensive documentation developers need.Essential CVS is a complete and easy-to-follow reference that helps programmers and system administrators apply order to the task of managing large quantities of documents. The book covers basic concepts and usage of CVS, and features a comprehensive reference for CVS commands--including a handy Command Reference Card for quick, on-the-job checks. The book also includes advanced information on all aspects of CVS that involve automation, logging, branching and merging, and "watches." Readers will find in-depth coverage of the following:
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Jennifer Vesperman is the author of Essential CVS. She writes for the O'Reilly Network, the Linux Documentation Project, and occasionally Linux.Com. As a programmer and system administrator, she currently works with Cybersource, an Australian IT consulting firm. She is the current Coordinator for LinuxChix, an advocacy and support group that focuses on women who use and develop open source programs (especially Linux).Contenuti:
Dedication; Preface; Structure of the Book; Conventions Used in This Book; Learning More About CVS; We’d Like to Hear from You; Acknowledgments; Introduction; Chapter 1: What Is CVS?; 1.1 What Is a Versioning System?; 1.2 CVS in the Field; Chapter 2: CVS Quickstart Guide; 2.1 Installing CVS; 2.2 Building Your First Repository; 2.3 Importing Projects; 2.4 Accessing Remote Repositories; 2.5 Checking Out Files; 2.6 Committing Changes; 2.7 Updating Sandboxes; 2.8 Adding Files; 2.9 Removing Files; 2.10 Quick Tips for Success; Using CVS; Chapter 3: Basic Use of CVS; 3.1 General Information; 3.2 Sandboxes and Repositories; 3.3 Committing Changes to the Repository; 3.4 Checking File Status; 3.5 Updating the Sandbox Files from the Repository; 3.6 Adding Files to the Repository; 3.7 Removing Files from the Repository; 3.8 Moving Files or Directories; 3.9 Releasing a Sandbox; 3.10 Keywords; 3.11 Binary Files and Wrappers; 3.12 Specifying Default Command Options; Chapter 4: Tagging and Branching; 4.1 Tagging; 4.2 Stickiness; 4.3 Branching; 4.4 Branching Strategies; Chapter 5: Multiple Users; 5.1 Using Simultaneous Development; 5.2 Watching a File; 5.3 Reserving Files; 5.4 Comparing File Revisions; 5.5 Displaying Recent Changes; 5.6 Displaying File History; CVS Administration; Chapter 6: Repository Management; 6.1 Creating a Repository; 6.2 Deleting a Repository; 6.3 Securing Your Projects; 6.4 Repository Structure; 6.5 CVSROOT Files; 6.6 Server Environment Variables; 6.7 Backing Up a Repository; 6.8 Editing a Repository; 6.9 Sandbox Structure; 6.10 Client Environment Variables; 6.11 Exit Status; Chapter 7: Project Management; 7.1 Creating a Project; 7.2 Distributing Files; 7.3 Running Scripts; 7.4 Interfacing with External Programs; 7.5 Tools; 7.6 Strategies and Practices; Chapter 8: Remote Repositories; 8.1 Specifying Repository Paths; 8.2 The local Access Method; 8.3 The ext and server Access Methods; 8.4 The fork Access Method; 8.5 The gserver Access Method; 8.6 The kserver Access Method; 8.7 The pserver Access Method; 8.8 Using inetd with gserver, kserver, and pserver; Chapter 9: Troubleshooting; 9.1 General Troubleshooting Techniques; 9.2 Connectivity Problems; 9.3 Filename Problems; 9.4 Line-Ending Problems; 9.5 Permission Problems; 9.6 Lock Files; Reference; Chapter 10: Command Reference; 10.1 CVS Command-Line Options; 10.2 CVS Commands; Chapter 11: Miscellaneous Topics Reference; 11.1 Administrative Files; 11.2 CVSROOT Files; 11.3 CVSROOT Variables; 11.4 Dates; 11.5 Environment Variables; 11.6 Keywords and Keyword Modes; 11.7 Pattern Matching; 11.8 Repository Access Methods; Appendixes; Clients and Operating Systems; Multi-Operating-System Clients; Macintosh Clients; Unix and Linux Clients; Windows Clients; Integration Tools; Administrator’s Tools; CVS Variants; Distribution Tools; Logging Tools; Metadata Tools; Convertors; Miscellaneous; CVS Quick Reference; CVS Options; Repository Access; Common CVS Tasks; Sandbox Commands; Synchronization Commands; File Commands; Branch Commands; Tag Commands; Colophon;
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