Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research

Valutazione media 3,33
( su 219 valutazioni fornite da GoodReads )
 
9780691034713: Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research

While heated arguments between practitioners of qualitative and quantitative research have begun to test the very integrity of the social sciences, Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba have produced a farsighted and timely book that promises to sharpen and strengthen a wide range of research performed in this field. These leading scholars, each representing diverse academic traditions, have developed a unified approach to valid descriptive and causal inference in qualitative research, where numerical measurement is either impossible or undesirable. Their book demonstrates that the same logic of inference underlies both good quantitative and good qualitative research designs, and their approach applies equally to each. Providing precepts intended to stimulate and discipline thought, the authors explore issues related to framing research questions, measuring the accuracy of data and uncertainty of empirical inferences, discovering causal effects, and generally improving qualitative research. Among the specific topics they address are interpretation and inference, comparative case studies, constructing causal theories, dependent and explanatory variables, the limits of random selection, selection bias, and errors in measurement. Mathematical notation is occasionally used to clarify concepts, but no prior knowledge of mathematics or statistics is assumed. The unified logic of inference that this book explicates will be enormously useful to qualitative researchers of all traditions and substantive fields.

Le informazioni nella sezione "Riassunto" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

Recensione:

"The book is marked by a very careful building up of all concepts; by clear, vivid writing; and by an excellent use of extended examples from the work of such scholars as Nina Halpern, Atul Kohli, and David Laiting." --Journal of Politics

Contenuti:

Preface ix

1 The Science in Social Science 3
1.1 Introduction 3
1.1.1 Two Styles of Research, One Logic of Inference 3
1.1.2 Defining Scientific Research in Social Sciences 7
1.1.3 Science and Complexity 9
1.2 Major Components of Research Design 12
1.2.1 Improving Research Questions 14
1.2.2 Improving Theory 19
1.2.3 Improving Data Quality 23
1.2.4 Improving the Use of Existing Data 27
1.3 Themes of This Volume 28
1.3.1 Using Observable Implications to Connect Theory and Data 28
1.3.2 Maximizing Leverage 29
1.3.3 Reporting Uncertainty 31
1.3.4 Thinking like a Social Scientist: Skepticism and Rival Hypotheses 32

2 Descriptive Inference 34
2.1 General Knowledge and Particular Facts 35
2.1.1 "Interpretation" and Inference 36
2.1.2 "Uniqueness," Complexity, and Simplification 42
2.1.3 Comparative Case Studies 43
2.2 Inference: the Scientific Purpose of Data Collection 46
2.3 Formal Models of Qualitative Research 49
2.4 A Formal Model of Data Collection 51
2.5 Summarizing Historical Detail 53
2.6 Descriptive Inference 55
2.7 Criteria for Judging Descriptive Inferences 63
2.7.1 Unbiased Inferences 63
2.7.2 Efficiency 66

3 Causality and Causal Inference 75
3.1 Defining Causality 76
3.1.1 The Definition and a Quantitative Example 76
3.1.2 A Qualitative Example 82
3.2 Clarifying Alternative Definitions of Causality 85
3.2.1 "Causal Mechanisms" 85
3.2.2 "Multiple Causality" 87
3.2.3 "Symmetric" and "Asymmetric" Causality 89
3.3 Assumptions Required for Estimating Causal Effects 91
3.3.1 Unit Homogeneity 91
3.3.2 Conditional Independence 94
3.4 Criteria for Judging Causal Inferences 97
3.5 Rules for Constructing Causal Theories 99
3.5.1 Rule 1: Construct Falsifiable Theories 100
3.5.2 Rule 2: Build Theories That Are Internally Consistent 105
3.5.3 Rule 3: Select Dependent Variables Carefully 107
3.5.4 Rule 4: Maximize Concreteness 109
3.5.5 Rule 5: State Theories in as Encompassing Ways as Feasible 113

4 Determining What to Observe 115
4.1 Indeterminate Research Designs 118
4.1.1 More Inferences than Observations 119
4.1.2 Multicollinearity 122
4.2 The Limits of Random Selection 124
4.3 Selection Bias 128
4.3.1 Selection on the Dependent Variable 129
4.3.2 Selection on an Explanatory Variable 137
4.3.3 Other Types of Selection Bias 138
4.4 Intentional Selection of Observations 139
4.4.1 Selecting Observations on the Explanatory Variable 140
4.4.2 Selecting a Range of Values of the Dependent Variable 141
4.4.3 Selecting Observations on Both Explanatory and Dependent Variables 142
4.4.4 Selecting Observations So the Key Causal Variable Is Constant 146
4.4.5 Selecting Observations So the Dependent Variable Is Constant 147
4.5 Concluding Remarks 149

5 Understanding What to Avoid 150
5.1 Measurement Error 151
5.1.1 Systematic Measurement Error 155
5.1.2 Nonsystematic Measurement Error 157
5.2 Excluding Relevant Variables: Bias 168
5.2.1 Gauging the Bias from Omitted Variables 168
5.2.2 Examples of Omitted Variable Bias 176
5.3 Including Irrelevant Variables: Inefficiency 182
5.4 Endogeneity 185
5.4.1 Correcting Biased Inferences 187
5.4.2 Parsing the Dependent Variable 188
5.4.3 Transforming Endogeneity into an Omitted Variable Problem 189
5.4.4 Selecting Observations to Avoid Endogeneity 191
5.4.5 Parsing the Explanatory Variable 193
5.5 Assigning Values of the Explanatory Variable 196
5.6 Controlling the Research Situation 199
5.7 Concluding Remarks 206

6 Increasing the Number of Observations 208
6.1 Single-Observation Designs for Causal Inference 209
6.1.1 "Crucial" Case Studies 209
6.1.2 Reasoning by Analogy 212
6.2 How Many Observations Are Enough? 213
6.3 Making Many Observations from Few 217
6.3.1 Same Measures, New Units 219
6.3.2 Same Units, New Measures 223
6.3.3 New Measures, New Units 224
6.4 Concluding Remarks 229

References 231
Index 239

Le informazioni nella sezione "Su questo libro" possono far riferimento a edizioni diverse di questo titolo.

I migliori risultati di ricerca su AbeBooks

1.

Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, Sidney Verba
Editore: Princeton University Press, United States (1994)
ISBN 10: 0691034710 ISBN 13: 9780691034713
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 10
Da
The Book Depository
(London, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, United States, 1994. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. 234 x 155 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. While heated arguments between practitioners of qualitative and quantitative research have begun to test the very integrity of the social sciences, Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba have produced a farsighted and timely book that promises to sharpen and strengthen a wide range of research performed in this field. These leading scholars, each representing diverse academic traditions, have developed a unified approach to valid descriptive and causal inference in qualitative research, where numerical measurement is either impossible or undesirable. Their book demonstrates that the same logic of inference underlies both good quantitative and good qualitative research designs, and their approach applies equally to each. Providing precepts intended to stimulate and discipline thought, the authors explore issues related to framing research questions, measuring the accuracy of data and uncertainty of empirical inferences, discovering causal effects, and generally improving qualitative research. Among the specific topics they address are interpretation and inference, comparative case studies, constructing causal theories, dependent and explanatory variables, the limits of random selection, selection bias, and errors in measurement. Mathematical notation is occasionally used to clarify concepts, but no prior knowledge of mathematics or statistics is assumed. The unified logic of inference that this book explicates will be enormously useful to qualitative researchers of all traditions and substantive fields. Codice libro della libreria AAU9780691034713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 24,99
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

2.

Gary King
ISBN 10: 0691034710 ISBN 13: 9780691034713
Nuovi Quantità: 1
Da
book-net
(Sugarland, TX, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Condizione libro: New. New Book. Codice libro della libreria 0691034710SBK

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 25,70
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

3.

Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, Sidney Verba
Editore: Princeton University Press, United States (1994)
ISBN 10: 0691034710 ISBN 13: 9780691034713
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 10
Da
The Book Depository US
(London, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, United States, 1994. Paperback. Condizione libro: New. 234 x 155 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. While heated arguments between practitioners of qualitative and quantitative research have begun to test the very integrity of the social sciences, Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba have produced a farsighted and timely book that promises to sharpen and strengthen a wide range of research performed in this field. These leading scholars, each representing diverse academic traditions, have developed a unified approach to valid descriptive and causal inference in qualitative research, where numerical measurement is either impossible or undesirable. Their book demonstrates that the same logic of inference underlies both good quantitative and good qualitative research designs, and their approach applies equally to each. Providing precepts intended to stimulate and discipline thought, the authors explore issues related to framing research questions, measuring the accuracy of data and uncertainty of empirical inferences, discovering causal effects, and generally improving qualitative research. Among the specific topics they address are interpretation and inference, comparative case studies, constructing causal theories, dependent and explanatory variables, the limits of random selection, selection bias, and errors in measurement. Mathematical notation is occasionally used to clarify concepts, but no prior knowledge of mathematics or statistics is assumed. The unified logic of inference that this book explicates will be enormously useful to qualitative researchers of all traditions and substantive fields. Codice libro della libreria AAU9780691034713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 25,71
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

4.

Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, Sidney Verba
Editore: Princeton University Press (1994)
ISBN 10: 0691034710 ISBN 13: 9780691034713
Nuovi Brossura Quantità: 10
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, 1994. Condizione libro: New. 1994. illustrated edition. Paperback. Providing precepts intended to stimulate and discipline thought, this book explores issues related to framing research questions, measuring the accuracy of data and uncertainty of empirical inferences, discovering causal effects, and generally improving qualitative research. Num Pages: 264 pages, 3 line illus. BIC Classification: JHBC. Category: (P) Professional & Vocational; (U) Tertiary Education (US: College). Dimension: 233 x 155 x 15. Weight in Grams: 386. . . . . . . Codice libro della libreria V9780691034713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 27,48
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
Da: Irlanda a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

5.

Gary King; Robert O. Keohane; Sidney Verba
ISBN 10: 0691034710 ISBN 13: 9780691034713
Nuovi Quantità: 10
Da
BWB
(Valley Stream, NY, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Condizione libro: New. Depending on your location, this item may ship from the US or UK. Codice libro della libreria 97806910347130000000

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 28,81
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

6.

Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, Sidney Verba
Editore: Princeton University Press
ISBN 10: 0691034710 ISBN 13: 9780691034713
Nuovi Brossura Quantità: 10
Da
Kennys Bookstore
(Olney, MD, U.S.A.)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Princeton University Press. Condizione libro: New. 1994. illustrated edition. Paperback. Providing precepts intended to stimulate and discipline thought, this book explores issues related to framing research questions, measuring the accuracy of data and uncertainty of empirical inferences, discovering causal effects, and generally improving qualitative research. Num Pages: 264 pages, 3 line illus. BIC Classification: JHBC. Category: (P) Professional & Vocational; (U) Tertiary Education (US: College). Dimension: 233 x 155 x 15. Weight in Grams: 386. . . . . . Books ship from the US and Ireland. Codice libro della libreria V9780691034713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 28,94
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: GRATIS
In U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

7.

G King
Editore: Princeton University Press 1994-05-02 (1994)
ISBN 10: 0691034710 ISBN 13: 9780691034713
Nuovi Quantità: 5
Da
Chiron Media
(Wallingford, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Princeton University Press 1994-05-02, 1994. Condizione libro: New. Brand new book, sourced directly from publisher. Dispatch time is 24-48 hours from our warehouse. Book will be sent in robust, secure packaging to ensure it reaches you securely. Codice libro della libreria NU-GRD-00639075

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 26,25
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 3,45
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

8.

Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, Sidney Verba
Editore: Princeton University Press 1994-05-02, New Jersey (1994)
ISBN 10: 0691034710 ISBN 13: 9780691034713
Nuovi paperback Quantità: 5
Da
Blackwell's
(Oxford, OX, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Princeton University Press 1994-05-02, New Jersey, 1994. paperback. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria 9780691034713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 24,62
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 5,19
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

9.

Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, Sidney Verba
Editore: Princeton University Press
ISBN 10: 0691034710 ISBN 13: 9780691034713
Nuovi Paperback Quantità: 9
Da
THE SAINT BOOKSTORE
(Southport, Regno Unito)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Princeton University Press. Paperback. Condizione libro: new. BRAND NEW, Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research, Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, Sidney Verba, While heated arguments between practitioners of qualitative and quantitative research have begun to test the very integrity of the social sciences, Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba have produced a farsighted and timely book that promises to sharpen and strengthen a wide range of research performed in this field. These leading scholars, each representing diverse academic traditions, have developed a unified approach to valid descriptive and causal inference in qualitative research, where numerical measurement is either impossible or undesirable. Their book demonstrates that the same logic of inference underlies both good quantitative and good qualitative research designs, and their approach applies equally to each. Providing precepts intended to stimulate and discipline thought, the authors explore issues related to framing research questions, measuring the accuracy of data and uncertainty of empirical inferences, discovering causal effects, and generally improving qualitative research. Among the specific topics they address are interpretation and inference, comparative case studies, constructing causal theories, dependent and explanatory variables, the limits of random selection, selection bias, and errors in measurement. Mathematical notation is occasionally used to clarify concepts, but no prior knowledge of mathematics or statistics is assumed. The unified logic of inference that this book explicates will be enormously useful to qualitative researchers of all traditions and substantive fields. Codice libro della libreria B9780691034713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 23,04
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 6,86
Da: Regno Unito a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

10.

Gary King; Robert O. Keohane; Sidney Verba
Editore: Princeton University Press (1994)
ISBN 10: 0691034710 ISBN 13: 9780691034713
Nuovi Brossura Quantità: 2
Da
English-Book-Service Mannheim
(Mannheim, Germania)
Valutazione libreria
[?]

Descrizione libro Princeton University Press, 1994. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria EH9780691034713

Maggiori informazioni su questa libreria | Fare una domanda alla libreria

Compra nuovo
EUR 28,19
Convertire valuta

Aggiungere al carrello

Spese di spedizione: EUR 5,00
Da: Germania a: U.S.A.
Destinazione, tempi e costi

Vedi altre copie di questo libro

Vedi tutti i risultati per questo libro