Creating the Secret State: The Origins of the Central Intelligence Agency, 1943-1947

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9780700610242: Creating the Secret State: The Origins of the Central Intelligence Agency, 1943-1947

While much has been disclosed about the CIA's cloak-and-dagger activities during the Cold War, relatively little is known about the origins of this secret organization. David Rudgers, a twenty-two-year CIA veteran, has written the first complete account of its creation, revealing how the idea of a centralized intelligence developed within the government and debunking the myth that former OSS chief William J. Donovan was the prime mover behind the agency's founding.

Creating the Secret State locates the CIA's origins in government-wide efforts to reorganize national security during the transition from World War II to the Cold War. Rudgers maintains that the creation of the CIA was not merely the brainchild of "Wild Bill" Donovan. Rather, it was the culmination of years of negotiation among numerous policy makers such as James Forrestal and Dean Acheson, each with strong opinions regarding the agency's mission and methods. He shows that Congress, the Departments of State and Justice, the Joint Chiefs, and even the Budget Bureau all had a hand in the establishment of this "secret state" that operates nearly invisibly outside the American political process.

Based almost entirely on archival and other primary sources, Rudgers's book describes in detail how the CIA evolved from its original purpose-as a watchdog to guard against a "nuclear Pearl Harbor"-to the role of clandestine warriors countering Soviet subversion, eventually engaging in more forms of intelligence gathering and covert operations than any of its counterparts. It suggests how the agency became a different organization than it might have been without the Communist threat and also shows how it both overexaggerated the dangers of the Cold War and failed to predict its ending.

Rudgers has written an accurate and balanced account that brings America's undercover army in from the cold and out from under the cult of personality. An indispensable resource for future studies of the CIA, Creating the Secret State tells the inside story of why and how the agency was called into existence as it stimulates thinking about the future relevance of the CIA in a rapidly changing world.

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About the Author:

Independent historian David F. Rudgers was formerly a staff archivist for the National Archives and a senior intelligence analyst with the Central Intelligence Agency.

From Library Journal:

World War II forced the United States to recognize the need for more sophisticated intelligence gathering as the war progressed. The energy of William "Wild Bill" Donovan, who oversaw the creation of the Office of Strategic Services during World War II, led ultimately to the creation in 1947 of the Central Intelligence Agency. Rudgers worked as an intelligence analyst with the CIA for 14 years. Here he offers an impressive history of the complex negotiations among the various branches of both the military and the government that took place between 1943 and 1947 as it became increasingly apparent that the United States would need an agency that could operate quietly yet effectively in ferreting out the world's espionage secrets beyond what the FBI or the military could do. Previous histories have often focused on the vivid character of Donovan. This outstanding piece of scholarship, based on solid, primary research, takes a broader approach. It should be considered essential reading for anyone interested in gaining an understanding of the political, historical, and theoretical background to the establishment of the CIA. Highly recommended.DEdward Goedeken, Iowa State Univ. Lib., Ames
Copyright 2000 Reed Business Information, Inc.

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David F. Rutgers
Editore: University Press of Kansas, United States (2000)
ISBN 10: 0700610243 ISBN 13: 9780700610242
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Descrizione libro University Press of Kansas, United States, 2000. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. New.. Language: English . Brand New Book. An account of the creation of the CIA that reveals how the idea of centralized intelligence developed within the government and debunks the myth that former OSS chief William J. Donovan was the prime mover behind the agency s founding. The book locates the CIA s origins in government-wide efforts to reorganize national security during the transition from World War II to the Cold War. The author believes that the creation of the CIA was not merely the brainchild of Wild Bill Donovan. Rather, it was the culmination of years of negotiation among numerous policy makers such as James Forrestal and Dean Acheson, each with strong opinions regarding the agency s mission and methods. He shows that Congress, State and Justice Departments, Joint Chiefs and even the Bureau of the Budget all had a hand in the establishment of this secret state that operates nearly invisibly outside the American political process. Based almost entirely on archival and other primary sources, the book describes in detail how the CIA evolved from its original purpose - as a watchdog to guard against a nuclear Pearl Harbor - to the role of clandestine warriors countering Soviet subversion, eventually engaging in more forms of intelligence gathering and covert operations than any of its counterparts. It suggests how the agency became a different organization than it might have been without the Communist threat, and also shows how it both overexaggerated the dangers of the Cold War and failed to predict its ending. Codice libro della libreria AAN9780700610242

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David F. Rutgers
Editore: University Press of Kansas, United States (2000)
ISBN 10: 0700610243 ISBN 13: 9780700610242
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Descrizione libro University Press of Kansas, United States, 2000. Hardback. Condizione libro: New. New.. Language: English . Brand New Book. An account of the creation of the CIA that reveals how the idea of centralized intelligence developed within the government and debunks the myth that former OSS chief William J. Donovan was the prime mover behind the agency s founding. The book locates the CIA s origins in government-wide efforts to reorganize national security during the transition from World War II to the Cold War. The author believes that the creation of the CIA was not merely the brainchild of Wild Bill Donovan. Rather, it was the culmination of years of negotiation among numerous policy makers such as James Forrestal and Dean Acheson, each with strong opinions regarding the agency s mission and methods. He shows that Congress, State and Justice Departments, Joint Chiefs and even the Bureau of the Budget all had a hand in the establishment of this secret state that operates nearly invisibly outside the American political process. Based almost entirely on archival and other primary sources, the book describes in detail how the CIA evolved from its original purpose - as a watchdog to guard against a nuclear Pearl Harbor - to the role of clandestine warriors countering Soviet subversion, eventually engaging in more forms of intelligence gathering and covert operations than any of its counterparts. It suggests how the agency became a different organization than it might have been without the Communist threat, and also shows how it both overexaggerated the dangers of the Cold War and failed to predict its ending. Codice libro della libreria AAN9780700610242

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