Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites

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9780824723798: Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites

There are many books available on polymer chemistry, properties, and processing, but they do not focus on the practicalities of selecting and using them correctly in the design of structures. Engineering students require an understanding of polymers and composites as well as viscoelasticity, adhesion, damping applications, and tribology in order to successfully integrate these materials into their designs. Based on more than twenty years of classroom experience, Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites is the first textbook to unite these topics in a single source.

The authors take a bottom-up functional approach rather than a top-down analytical approach to design. This unique perspective enables students to select the proper materials for the application rather than force the design to suit the materials. The text begins with an introduction to polymers and composites, including historical background. Detailed coverage of mechanical properties, viscoelastic behavior of polymers, composite materials, creep and fatigue failure, impact, and related properties follows. Discussion then turns to selection of materials, design applications of polymers, polymer processing, adhesion, tribology, and damping and isolation. Abundant examples, homework problems, tables, and illustrations reinforce the concepts.

Accompanied by a CD-ROM containing materials databases, examples in Excel®, and a laminate analysis program, Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites builds a strong background in the underlying concepts necessary for engineering students to successfully incorporate polymers and composites into their designs.

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Contenuti:

INTRODUCTION TO POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
Introduction
History of Polymers
History of Composites
Examples of Polymers and Composites
Definitions and Classifications
Raw Materials and Production of Polymers
Chemical Structures
Glass-Transition Temperature
References
Homework Problems

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYMERS
Introduction
Tensile Properties
Creep Properties
Relaxation Properties
Dynamic Properties
Large-Strain De?nitions
Analysis of Damping
Time-Hardening Creep
Isochronous Creep Curves
References
Homework Problems

VISCOELASTIC BEHAVIOR OF POLYMERS
Mechanical Models
Mathematical Models
The Maxwell Fluid
The Kelvin Solid
The Four-Parameter Model
The Boltzmann Superposition Principle
Advanced Viscoelastic Models
The Viscoelastic Correspondence Principle
The Time-Temperature Equivalence Principle
References
Homework Problems

COMPOSITE MATERIALS
Introduction
Composite Material Nomenclature and Definitions
Analysis of Composite Structures
Experimental Determination of Engineering Elastic Constants
Strength Properties and Failure Theories
Stiffness of Laminated Composites
Summary
Bibliography
References
Homework Problems

CREEP FAILURE AND FATIGUE FAILURE
Creep Failure Under Tension
Creep Failure Under Compression
Fatigue of Polymers
Notch Sensitivity Under Fatigue
Creep Buckling of Shells
References
Homework Problems

IMPACT AND OTHER PROPERTIES
Impact Strength
Fracture Toughness
Thermal Properties
Electrical Properties
References
Homework Problems

SELECTION OF POLYMERS FOR DESIGN APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Basic Material Properties
Performance Parameters
Loading Conditions and Geometrical Configurations
Availability of Materials
A Rectangular Beam in Bending
Weighting-Factor Analysis
Thermal Gradient Through a Beam
Rating Factors for Various Loading Requirements
Design Optimization
Computer Database Design Selection Procedure
References
Homework Problems

DESIGN APPLICATIONS OF SOME POLYMERS
Phenolic Resins with Fillers
Polycarbonate
Example Design with PC: Fan Impeller Blade
Example Design with PC: Snap/Fit Design
Example Design of Polyvinyl Chloride Pipe
Design with Fluorocarbon Resins
References
Homework Problems

POLYMER PROCESSING
Extrusion
Manufacture of PVC Pipe by Extrusion
Injection Molding
Sheet Forming
Blow Molding
References
Homework Problems

ADHESION OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
Introduction
Fundamentals of Adhesion
Adhesives
Enhancement of Adhesion in Composites
Curing of Adhesives
Summary
References
Homework Problems

TRIBOLOGY OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
Introduction
Contact Mechanics
Surface Topography
Friction
Wear
PV Limit
Rolling and Sliding
Modification of Polymers for Friction and Wear Performance
Composites
Wear of Composites
Heat Generation in Sliding-Polymer Systems
Special Considerations
Simulative Laboratory Testing
References
Homework Problems

DAMPING AND ISOLATION WITH POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
Introduction
Relevance of Thermomechanical Spectrum of Polymers
Damping of Materials
Materials
Fundamentals of Vibration Damping and Isolation
Role of Dampers
Damping Layers
References
Homework Problems

APPENDICES
Appendix A: Conversion Factors
Appendix B: Area Moments of Inertia
Appendix C: Beam Reactions and Displacements
Appendix D: Laminate Analysis MATLAB® Code
Appendix E: Sample Input/Output for Laminate Program
Appendix F: Composite Materials Properties
INDEX

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Harold W. Lord; James C. Gerdeen; James C. Gerdeen PhD PE; Ronald A.L. Rorrer; Ronald A.L. Rorrer PhD PE
Editore: CRC Press (2005)
ISBN 10: 0824723791 ISBN 13: 9780824723798
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Descrizione libro CRC Press, 2005. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. book. Codice libro della libreria 824723791

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James C. Gerdeen PhD PE, James C. Gerdeen, Harold W. Lord, Ronald A.L. Rorrer PhD PE, Ronald A.L. Rorrer
Editore: CRC Press (2005)
ISBN 10: 0824723791 ISBN 13: 9780824723798
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Descrizione libro CRC Press, 2005. Hardcover. Condizione libro: New. Codice libro della libreria DADAX0824723791

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